equipment; for example, the equipment designed and constructed in the hydrate laboratory could not be leased or purchased. It is recommended, however, that decisions to design and build one-of-a-kind equipment be carefully evaluated in light of the overall equipment needs of the CMGP.

PARTNERSHIPS

Collaborations and partnerships at the program and individual scientist level are critical to the future well-being of the CMGP and its ability to participate in systems-science efforts. Collaboration with other prominent scientists and high-visibility agencies (federal, state, private, and academic) generally leads to high-quality science, allows sharing of resources (personnel, equipment, and ideas), and often results in higher levels of funding. On the individual scientist level, collaboration and partnerships with other scientists promote personal scientific growth and peer recognition.

Collaboration at the Program Level

Scientific advances in solving coastal and marine problems are proceeding rapidly, as a large number of federal and state agencies, private industry, and academia are now focused on this important area. A few decades ago, CMGP scientists, along with a few academic scientists, accounted for a very large segment of the research conducted in the coastal region, and collaboration with the academic community was relatively easy to accomplish. With the increasing number of scientists involved in research along the continental margins (in part resulting from a shift in focus from deep-ocean or blue-water oceanographic research to brown-water coastal research), it is even more important for CMGP scientists to enter into collaborations and interactions with other scientists conducting research in this area. The CMGP derives a great benefit from physical proximity to marine science research centers, major coastal and oceanographic libraries, and industrial technologies. All three centers are located in regions where these capabilities are nearby. It is important for the scientists at all three centers to recognize the inherent benefit of building strong relationships with these entities. Competition in scientific endeavors is healthy, but competing with every agency and academic institution conducting research on continental margins is not beneficial. Instead, CMGP scientists should make every effort to identify the research efforts of other agencies (federal, state, and local), industry, and academia, to collaboratively obtain or acquire the results, and to integrate them into regional and national assessments.

It should be noted that the committee distinguishes between seeking out opportunities for collaboration and reimbursable funding opportunities. Although cost sharing could be an important component of collaborative efforts, such collaborations should be clearly relevant to program goals. Reimbursable work



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