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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS References American Geological Institute. 1997. Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms, 2nd Edition. Ventura Publishing 3.0 Anderson, J.A. 1982. Gold—its history and role in the U.S. economy and the U.S. exploration program of Homestake Mining Company. Mining Congress Journal 68(1):51–58. Azenha, M., M.T.Vasconcelos, and J.P.S.Cabral. 1995. Organic ligands reduce copper toxicity in Pseudomonas syringae. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14:369–373. Barringer, S. 1999. Mining Regulatory Programs in the Western United States: A Survey of State Laws and Regulations. Unpublished report prepared for the Precious Metals Producers; Singer, Brown, & Barringer, Nevada. Beebe, R.R. 1995. Mining Technology Vision Panel. Unpublished report prepared for U.S. Department of Energy and the National Partnerships for Mining and Minerals Technology. Salt Lake City, Utah. Beltman, D.J., W.H.Clements, J.Lipton, and D.Cacela. 1999. Benthic invertebrate metals exposure, accumulation, and community-level impacts downstream of a hard-rock mine site. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18:299–307. Bird, D.A. 1993. Geochemical modeling of mine pit water: An overview and application of computer codes. Masters thesis. University of Nevada, Reno. Also EPA report: EPA/530/R/95/012, PB95–191250. Blanchard, C.L., and M.Stromberg. 1987. Acidic precipitation in southeastern Arizona: Sulfate, nitrate and trace-metal deposition. Atmospheric Environment 21:2375–2381. BLM (Bureau of Land Management). 1986. Visual Resource Contrast Rating Handbook. BLM/H/8410/1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM BLM. 1988. National Environmental Policy Act Handbook. BLM/H/1790/1. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1992. Public Land Statistics—1991. BLM/SC/PT-92/011+1165. Volume 176. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1994. Public Land Statistics—1993. Volume 178. BLM/SC/ST-94/001+1165. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM.
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS BLM. 1996a. Cortez Pipeline Gold Deposit: Final Environmental Impact Statement . Volume I. Battle Mountain, Nev.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1996b. Final Environmental Impact Statement: Twin Creeks Mine. Winnemucca, Nev.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1997a. Ruby Hill Project: Final Environmental Impact Statement. Battle Mountain, Nev.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1997b. Final Environmental Impact Statement: Lisbon Valley Copper Project . Moab, Utah: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1998. Final Environmental Impact Statement: Olinghouse Mine Project. Carson City, Nev.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1999a. Surface Management Regulations for Locatable Mineral Operations (43 CFR 3809): Draft Environmental Impact Statement. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM. 1999b. Public Land Statistics—1998. Volume 183. BLM/BC/ST-99/001+1165. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. BLM/EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1998. Draft Environmental Impact Statement: The Proposed Yarnell Mining Project. Phoenix, Ariz.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM. San Francisco, Calif.: EPA, Region IX. BLM/MDEQ (Montana Department of Environmental Quality). 1996. Final Environmental Impact Statement: Zortman and Landusky Mines— Reclamation Plan Modifications and Mine Life Extensions. Volume I. Lewiston, Mont.: U.S. Department of the Interior, BLM; MDEQ. Bolis, C.L., A.Cambria, and M.Fama. 1984. Effects of acid stress on fish gills. Pp. 120–122 in Toxins, Drugs, and Pollutants in Marine Animals,C. L.Bolis, A.Cambria, and M.Fama, eds. Berlin: Springer Verlag. Borgmann, U., and K.M.Ralph. 1984. Copper complexation and toxicity to freshwater zooplankton. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 13:403–409. Brattstrom, B.H., and M.C.Bondello. 1983. Effects of off-road vehicle noise on desert vertebrates. Pp. 167–206 in Environmental Effects of Off-road Vehicles: Impacts and Management in Arid Regions, R.H.Webb and H. G.Wilshire, eds. New York: Springer Verlag. Brown, V.M., T.L.Shaw, and D.G.Shurben. 1974. Aspects of water quality and the toxicity of copper to rainbow trout . Water Research 8:797–803. Chakoumakos, C., R.C.Russo, and R.V.Thurston 1979. Toxicity of copper to cutthroat trout (Salmo clarki) under different conditions of alkalinity, pH, and hardness. Environmental Science and Technology 13:213–219. Clements, W.H. 1994. Benthic invertebrate community responses to heavy metals in the upper Arkansas River Basin, Colorado. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13:30–44.
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS Clements, W.H., D.S.Cherry, and J.Cairns, Jr. 1988. The impact of heavy metals on macroinvertebrate communities: A comparison of observational and experimental results. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 45:2017–2025. Coope, J.A. 1991. Carlin Trend exploration history: Discovery of the Carlin deposit . Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Special Publication 13. DeLonay, A.J., E.E.Little, J.Lipton, D.Woodward, and J.Hansen. 1995. Avoidance response as evidence of injury: The use of behavioral testing in support of natural resource damage assessments. In Environmental Toxicology and Risk Assessment, T.W.LaPoint, F.T.Price, and E.E. Little, eds. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials. Dobra, J.L. 1997. The U.S. Gold Industry 1996. Special Publication 21. Reno: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. Dobra, J.L. 1999. The U.S. Gold Industry 1998, Special Publication 25. Reno: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology. Eary, L.E. In press. Geochemical and equilibrium trends in mine pit lakes. Applied Geochemistry. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). 1978. Compilation and Evaluation of Leaching Methods. EPA/600/2/78/095. Washington, D.C.: Office of Solid Waste. EPA. 1985. The Gold Book: Quality Criteria for Water. EP A/44015/86/001. Office of Water Regulations and Standards. EPA. 1993. Diffuse NORM Wastes and Waste Characterization and Preliminary Risk Assessment. RAE-9232/1–2. Contract # 68-D20–155 prepared for EPA, Office of Radiation and Indoor Air. EPA. 1994. Acid Generation Prediction in Mining. Draft. Washington, D.C.: Office of Solid Waste. EPA. 1996. 1995 Updates: Water Quality Criteria Documents for the Protection of Aquatic Life in Ambient Water. EPA/820/B/96/001. Washington, D.C.: EPA, Office of Water. EPA. 1997a. EPA Office of Inspector General Audit Report—1997: EPA Could Do More To Help Minimize Hardrock Mining Liabilities . E1DMF6–08– 0016–7100223. Washington, D.C.: EPA, Office of Inspector General EPA. 1997b. EPA's National Hardrock Mining Framework. BLMWO/PL/00/ 001/3041. Washington, D.C.: Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response; Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance; Office of Water. Erickson, R.J., D.A.Benoit, V.R.Mattson, H.P.Nelson, and E.N. Leonard, 1996. The effects of water chemistry on the toxicity of copper to fathead minnows. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15:181–193.
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS Forest Service. 1992. A Conceptual Waste Rock Sampling Program for Mines Operating in Metallic Sulfide Ores with a Potential for Acid Rock Drainage. Ogden, Utah: USDA, Forest Service. Forest Service. 1998. Land Areas of the National Forest System: As of September 1997. FS-383. Washington, D.C.: USDA, Forest Service. Forest Service/WSDE (Washington State Department of Ecology). 1997. Crown Jewel Mine: Final Environmental Impact Statement. Tonasket, Wash.: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; WSDE. Gabriel, I.E., and D.T.Patten. 1994. Distribution of copper smelter emissions in southeastern Arizona using honey mesquite as bioindicator. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 72:67–87. Gabriel, I.E., and D.T.Patten. 1995a. Changes in the inorganic element concentration spectrum of mesquite foliage during operational and non-operational periods of a copper smelter. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 81:207–217. Gabriel, I.E., and D.T.Patten 1995b. Establishing a standard Sonoran reference plant and its application in monitoring industrial and urban pollution throughout the Sonoran Desert. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 36:27–43. Galbraith, H., K.LeJeune, and J.Lipton. 1996. Metal and arsenic impacts to soils, vegetation communities, and wildlife habitat in southwest Montana uplands contaminated by smelter emissions: I. Field evaluation. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14:1895–1903. GAO. (Government Accounting Office) 1996. Land Ownership Information on the Acreage, Management, and Use of Federal and Other Lands (Letter Report, 03/13/96, GAO/RCED-96–40). Gentry, D.W. 1998. Constrained prospects of mining's future. Mining Engineering: 85–94. Gough, L., W.Day, J.Crick, B.Gamble, and M.Henning. 1997. Placer-gold Mining in Alaska—Cooperative Studies on the Effect of Suction Dredge Operations on the Fortymile River. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-155–97. Guilbert and Park, 1986. The Geology of Ore Deposits. W.H.Freeman and Company. New York. 985 pp. Hagler Bailly Consulting, Inc. 1996. Supplemental Injury Assessment Report: Clark Fork River NPL Sites Natural Resource Damage Assessment—Lethal Injuries to Snow Geese, Butte, Montana. Prepared for State of Montana Natural Resource Damage Litigation Program, Helena. Howarth, R.S., and J.B.Sprague. 1978. Copper lethality to rainbow trout in waters of various hardness and pH. Water Research 12:455–462. Interstate Mining Compact Commission. 1997. Noncoal Mineral Resource Report. Herndon, Virginia.
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS Kapustka, L., J.Lipton, H.Galbraith, D.Cacela, and K.LeJeune. 1996. Metal and arsenic impacts to soils, vegetation communities, and wildlife habitat in southwest Montana uplands contaminated by smelter emissions: II. Laboratory phytotoxicity studies. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 14:1905–1912. Kiffney, P.M. and W.H.Clements. 1993. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by benthic invertebrates at the Arkansas River, Colorado. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 12:1507–1517. Kiffney, P.M., and W.H.Clements. 1996a. Size-dependent response of macroinvertebrates to metals in experimental streams. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 15:1352–1356. Kiffney, P.M., and W.H.Clements. 1996b. Effects of heavy metals on stream macroinvertebrate assemblages from different elevations. Ecological Applications 6:472–481. Kummerow, M. 1992. Weeds in wilderness: A threat to biodiversity. Western Wildlands 18:12–17. Lauren, D.J., and D.G.MacDonald, 1986. Influence of water hardness, pH and alkalinity on the mechanisms of copper toxicity in juvenile rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 43:1488–1496. LeJeune, K., H.Galbraith, J.Lipton, and L.A.Kapustka. 1996. Effects of metals and arsenic on riparian soils, vegetation communities, and wildlife habitat in southwest Montana. Ecotoxicology 5:297–312. Leshy, J.D. 1987. The Mining Law: A Study in Perpetual Motion. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future, Inc. MacDonald, M.S., G.C.Miller, and W.B.Lyons. 1994. Water Quality in Open Pit Precious Metal Mines. University of Nevada, Reno. Also EPA/530/R/95/011, PB95–191243. MacRae, R.K., A.S.Maest, and J.S.Meyer. In press. Selection of an organic-acid analogue of dissolved organic matter for use in toxicity testing. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Marr, J., H.L.Bergman, J.Lipton, and C.Hogstrand. 1995a. Differences in relative sensitivity of naive and metals-acclimated brown and rainbow trout exposed to metals representative of the Clark Fork River, Montana. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52:2016–2030. Marr, J., H.L.Bergman, M.Parker, W.Erickson, D.Cacela, J.Lipton, and G.R.Phillips. 1995b. Relative sensitivity of brown and rainbow trout to pulsed exposures of an acutely lethal mixture of metals typical of the Clark Fork River, Montana. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52:2005–2015. Marr, J.C.A., J.Lipton, D.Cacela, J.A.Hansen, H.L.Bergman, J.S. Meyer, and C.Hogstrand. 1996. Relationship between copper exposure
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS Price, W.A. 1997. Draft Guidelines and Recommended Methods for the Prediction of Metal Leaching and Acid Rock Drainage at Minesites in British columbia . Ministry of Employment and Investment. Energy and Minerals Division . Roscoe, W.E. 1971 Probability of an exploration discovery in Canada. Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin, Vol. 64, (707):134–137. Round Mountain Gold Corporation. 1994. Round Mountain Gold, An introduction for visitors. Unpublished company report. Runnells, D.D., M.J.Shields, and R.L.Jones. 1997. Methodology for adequacy of sampling of mill tailings and mine waste rock. In Tailings and Mine Waste, A.A.Balkema, ed. Ft.Collins, CO: Rotterdam and Brookfield. Schaefer, D.H., and J.R.Harrill. 1995. Simulated Effects of Proposed Ground-Water Pumping in 17 Basins of East-Central and Southern Nevada. USGS Water Resources Investigations Report 95–4173. Schafer, W.M. 1993. Design of geochemical sampling programs. Presentation at Mine Operation and Closure Short Course. Helena, MT., April 27–29, 1993. Scott, M.L., P.B.Shafroth, and G.T.Auble. In press. Responses of riparian cottonwoods to alluvial water declines. Environmental Management. Shokes, T.E., and G.Moller. 1999. Removal of dissolved heavy metals from acid rock drainage using iron metal. Environmental Science and Technology 33:282–287. Simberloff, D., and L.G.Abele. 1982. Refuge design and island biogeographic theory: Effects of fragmentation . American Naturalist 120:41–50. Sorenson, E.M. 1991. Metal Poisoning in Fish. Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC Press, Inc. Stromberg, J.C., and D.T.Patten. 1992. Response of Salix lasiolepis to augmented stream flows in the upper Owens River. Madrono 39:224–235. Stromberg, J.C., J.A.Tress, S.D.Wilkins, and S.D.Clark. 1992. Response of velvet mesquite to ground water decline. Journal of Arid Environments 23:45–58. Stromberg, J.C., R.Tiller, and B.Richter. 1996. Effects of groundwater decline on riparian vegetation of semiarid regions: The San Pedro, Arizona. Ecological Applications 6:113–131. Sullivan, M.E. 1991. Heavy Metal Concentration in Riparian Vegetation Exposed to Wastewater Effluent. Masters thesis. Arizona State University, Tempe. Swenson, R.W. 1968. Legal aspects of mineral resources exploitation. In History of Public Land Law Development, P.W.Gates, ed. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office.
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HARDROCK MINING ON FEDERAL LANDS Tempel, R.N., L.A.Shevenell, P.Lechler, and J.Price. In preparation. Geochemical modeling approach to predicting arsenic concentrations in a mine pit lake. Tingley, J.V., and B.R.Berger. 1985. Lode Gold Deposits of Round Mountain, Nevada. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Bulletin 100. Tingley, J.V., and H.F.Bonham, Jr. 1998. Major precious-metal deposits. In The Nevada Mineral Industry 1997, J.G.Price, J.V.Tingley, D.D. LaPointe, H.F.Bonham, Jr., S.B.Castor, and D.A.Davis, eds. Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Special Publication MI-1997. University of California. 1988. Mining Waste Study Final Report. Prepared by the Mining Waste Study Team of the University of Calfornia at Berkeley, July. 416 pp. U.S. Geological Survey. 1999. Mineral Commodity Summaries 1999. Washington, D.C. U.S. Public Land Law Review Commission. 1970. One Third of the Nation's Land. GPO, Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office Wanty, R.B., B.Wang, and J.Vohden. 1997. Studies of Suction Dredge Gold-Placer Mining Operations Along the Fortymile River, Eastern Alaska. U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-154–97. Wood, C.W., and T.H.Nash III. 1976. Copper smelter effluent effects on Sonoran Desert vegetation. Ecology 57:1311–1316.
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