BOX 2-1 Examples of Foreign Policy Issues of Concern to U.S. Industry

  • Restrictions on sales of space launch technologies to China

  • Impact on commercial relations of allegations of Chinese acquisition of nuclear secrets

  • Proposed limitations on the use of global positioning system technology in certain parts of the world

  • Proposed restrictions on sales of encryption technology

  • Consequences of nuclear testing in India and Pakistan on foreign investment in those countries

  • Details of international agreements on intellectual property rights

  • Environmental impact of global climatic change and economic consequences of proposed measures to     reduce this impact

  • Implications of international corporate mergers in the petroleum, telecommunications, and automobile  industries

  • Implications for U.S. economic and security interests of growth in foreign high-tech R&D investments

SOURCE: Mary L. Good, ''Trouble at State," Speech delivered at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Anaheim, California, January 23, 1999.

providing funding for research conducted abroad, while foreign companies are increasingly establishing laboratories in the United States. Thus, it is not surprising that U.S. industry is interested in many issues of priority concern to the Department and also in issues that, while not currently on the Department's agenda, will have significant impacts on international operations in future years.

The economic dimensions of STH developments are manifold. Many near-term consequences of STH-related foreign policy decisions are clearly recognized by U.S. industry, as indicated in Box 2-1. Also, in the longer term, for example, trade relationships can be stimulated through foreign assistance programs. International geological programs can clarify the resource potential of remote regions. Cooperation in developing better telecommunications systems can improve business opportunities throughout the world.

As the role of the private-sector continues to expand overseas, the Department needs greater outreach capabilities to learn from the insights of others, to take advantage of international contacts and international programs that have been developed by others, and to involve the ever-expanding group of stakeholders in international STH activities in formulating and implementing the foreign policy of the nation. Its effectiveness in meeting these challenges is strongly linked to the level of STH competence throughout the Department.

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