Page 350

Air pollution, 7, 13, 14, 31, 45, 83-87, 188-189, 190, 194, 203, 204, 209, 210-211, 215, 216-219, 237, 250-251, 310

acid pollution, 49, 86, 140, 155, 157, 189, 207, 217

aerosols, 84, 86, 210, 217, 248

carbon dioxide, 84, 166, 204, 207, 209, 210, 217, 219, 220, 248, 250-251

carbon monoxide, 86

chlorofluorocarbons, 41-42, 45, 83-84, 187, 264

developing countries, 87, 166-167

indoor air pollution, 188, 189, 190

integrated assessment models, 139, 140, 218-219

methane, 84, 204, 219

nitrogen oxides, 41, 46, 204, 205, 209, 217

ozone-layer depletion, 4, 7, 10, 16, 41-42, 44, 46, 48, 83-84, 138, 143, 187, 188-189, 190, 237, 248, 264, 281;

see also "Chlorofluorocarbons" supra

place-based research, 286

regional, 4, 5, 44, 86-87, 139, 140, 218-219, 248-249, 279, 288, 316-317

scenarios, 154

sulfates, 41, 46, 80, 86, 204, 205, 217, 248-249

transboundary, 41, 140

urban areas, 78, 86-87, 195, 217, 316-317

volatile organic compounds, 41, 46, 217

see also Climate; Greenhouse gases

Alien species, 77, 96-97, 215, 250-251, 316

ASCEND 21, see International Conference on an Agenda of Science for Environment and Development into the 21st Century

Asia, 66, 309

air pollution, 87

economic integration, 75

South and Southeast Asia, 33, 45

urban housing, 35

Assessment methodologies

Driving Force-State-Response framework, 242

experts, use of, 136, 137-138, 156-157, 186

integrated assessment models, 5, 49, 139-149, 159, 218-219

interdisciplinary approaches, 10, 11, 17, 18, 135, 136-137, 148, 208, 280, 281-282, 283-285, 289, 296, 298, 301-302, 306, 318

place-based initiatives, 10, 222-223, 279, 285-288, 298, 299, 302

Pressure-State-Response framework, 235-239, 254-255, 260, 261-262

scenarios, 5, 49, 136, 137, 139, 147-154, 156, 158, 161-176, 295

sensitivity analyses, 146, 153

strategic gaming, 138-139

sustainability science, 10-11, 51, 279-288, 318-320

see also Indicators; Uncertainty

B

Bangladesh, 34

Barbarization, 150, 161

Biodiversity, 4, 13-14, 23, 24, 31, 43, 44, 47, 80, 95, 96-97, 101, 191, 208, 212, 220, 256-258, 281, 286, 312-316

alien species, 77, 96-97, 215, 250-251, 316

see also Endangered species

Biogeochemical cycles, 9, 60, 80, 188, 210, 220, 282

see also Pollution

Biotechnology, 13, 94-95,197,199, 280, 308, 309

animals, 257-258

Birds, 4, 43, 47, 97

Birth control, see Contraceptives and contraception; Family planning

Birth rates, 5, 12, 60, 61, 101, 303-305

see also Family planning

Brundtland Commission, 2, 21, 22, 26, 27, 136, 188, 189, 243, 275

air pollution, 203

food and nutrition, 197, 308

funds and financing, 28

ecosystems, 312

materials production and consumption, 200, 206



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