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53 UN (1958), Article 2.

54 UN (1950), Article 3.

55 Convention of the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, Bonn. 1979. 19 International Legal Materials 15. Germany. Article 2.

56 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Washington, 1973. US Treaties and Other International Acts Series 8249, Article 2.

57 UNESCO (1971), Article 2.

58 Bergesen and Parmann (1997).

59 UN (1994b), Article 3.

60 UN (1992b), Article 6.

61 E.g., World Bank (1999).

62 Sen (1981); Lipton (1988); Dasgupta (1993).

63 World Bank (1999); World Bank News Release (1999), No. 99/2214/S.

64 Parson and Clark (1995).

65 Social policy, Heclo (1974); infectious diseases, Cooper (1989); economic policy, Hall (1989); democracy, Eder (1987).

66 Natural hazards, Burton et al. (1993); Mediterranean, Haas (1990); Columbia Basin, Lee (1993) and NRC (1996); ecosystem management, Holling et al. (1978), Gunderson et al. (1995), Walter (1998); regional environmental management, Sabatier and Zafonte (1997); acid rain, ozone depletion, land, and climate change, Clark et al. (1999).

67 Clark (1990); Kates and Clark (1996).

68 As Chapter 5 explains, biophysical circulatory systems include rapid circulation in atmosphere and oceans, driven by solar energy and slower changes in the lithosphere as tectonic plates move, and in the biosphere as migration patterns shift and species radiate.



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