PAUL F. UHLIR is director of international scientific and technical information programs at the U.S. National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council (National Academies) in Washington, D.C., where he directs science and technology policy studies for the federal government. His current area of emphasis is issues at the interface of science, technology, and law, with primary focus on scientific data and information policy, and on the relationship of intellectual property law to R&D policy. Mr. Uhlir is also director of the U.S. National Committee for CODATA. From 1991 to 1998, he was associate executive director of the Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications, and from 1985 to 1991 he was senior program officer at the Space Studies Board, where he worked on solar system exploration and Earth remote sensing studies for NASA. Before joining the National Academies, he was a foreign affairs officer at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in the Department of Commerce, where he worked on meteorological and land remote sensing law and policy issues. He is the author or editor of more than 50 books, reports, and articles. Mr. Uhlir has a BA in history from the University of Oregon, and a JD and an MA in international relations from the University of San Diego.