TABLE 1.1 Examples of Different Types of S&T Database Activities Discussed in the January 1999 Workshop

Organization (Sector)

Information and Tools Provided

Data Sources

Geographic and Environmental

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) (Government)

Geographic data: maps and map products

Data from other programs: biologic, geologic, hydrologic

USGS, other federal agencies, state and local governments, not-for-profit researchers, partnerships with private-sector

Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER)

Network Office (Not-for-Profit)

Site description database, integrated climate database, remotely sensed ecological data

Ecological researchers at distributed sites belonging to the LTER network

GeoSystems Global Corp. (Commercial)

Digital maps, MapQuest Web site, mapping services

From the public domain: government-produced maps (federal, state, local), digital geographic data, remotely sensed imagery

Other sources: commercial and other countries' maps, digital data, remotely sensed imagery, other published sources


National Center for Biotechnology Information (Government)

GenBank: DNA and protein sequence data; Other genomic mapping databases; 3D protein structure database; bibliographic databases; software tools

Direct contributions from scientists; access to other databases from government, not-for-profit, other country sources

Center for Bioinformatics University of Pennsylvania (Not-for-Profit)

Specialized biological databases; software tools for integration of distributed heterogeneous databases

Proprietary and public-domain experimental data from academic researchers; manual processing and encoding of data from published literature; online molecular and cellular biology and genomic databases

Molecular Applications Group (Commercial)

Software for storing, mining, and visualizing genomic data; databases derived from public and private data and proprietary software

>150 online database sites, public and proprietary

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