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Council study committee (“Raw Knowledge: Protecting Technical Databases for Science and Industry, ” in Appendix C of these Proceedings).

DR. BROWN: I am Carole Ganz Brown from the Division of International Programs of the National Science Foundation, and I have been working with the General Counsel's Office on various of our research provisions on these issues.

DR. MCDOWELL: I am Bruce McDowell with the National Academy of Public Administration. We have a small contract from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to take a look at some of the potential data limitations that might affect a global disaster information network, which is one of the Vice President's initiatives. The idea of that network is to put together everything in one place that an emergency manager might need worldwide and share it in real time. Not a lot of attention has been given to the difficulties of achieving that grand desire. So, we are taking a look at intellectual property, privacy, liability, and security issues that might limit the information that should go into that system or be shared through it.

MR. KELLY: I am Chris Kelly. I work with intellectual property issues at the Antitrust Division of the Justice Department, where I have worked with Richard Gilbert and learned a lot from him, and I have been working with Brian Kahin and Justin Hughes on these issues for the last year and one-half or so.

MR. MOHR: My name is Chris Mohr. I represent the coalition that supported the goals that went through the House database bill.

MS. SAEZ: I am Carolina Saez with the U.S. Copyright Office.

MS. KELLY: I am Maureen Kelly, from BIOSIS. We are a not-for-profit publisher of a secondary database, which means that we are both a user and a producer of scientific information.

MR. RINDFLEISCH: I am Tom Rindfleisch from Stanford University. I am director of the Lane Medical Library where we are attempting to become a digital library to disseminate information for clinical care and research and education. I am also a computer scientist who has been involved in a number of projects trying to synthesize various kinds of databases—data resources for new kinds of applications.

DR. BENSON: I am Dennis Benson from the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and our group is responsible for building and distributing Genbank.

DR. WILLIAMS: Myra Williams from Molecular Applications Group, representing the genomic sector.

DR. OVERTON: I am Chris Overton, director of the Center for Bioinformatics at the University of Pennsylvania. I represent the academic sector for use of genomic information, and one of my chief concerns, is that the pending legislation looks like it is going to be a hidden tax on knowledge. In my opinion, it is going to impede biomedical research.

MR. PETTINGER: I am Larry Pettinger from the USGS, and my main involvement has been in representing USGS in some of the discussions among the federal science agencies on these issues.

MR. PERLMAN: Let me introduce the session and do a couple of things. One, the purpose of these sessions was to get a dialogue between those who see the need for additional protection and those who are concerned about it, and we have the panel organized in such a way that we thought we would produce that result.

Unfortunately, Mike Klipper is not here because of the weather. I think he is a strong advocate for increased protection, and I will play devil's advocate if the occasion arises to try to



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