ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT

An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization

Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment

Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement



Below are the first 10 and last 10 pages of uncorrected machine-read text (when available) of this chapter, followed by the top 30 algorithmically extracted key phrases from the chapter as a whole.
Intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text on the opening pages of each chapter. Because it is UNCORRECTED material, please consider the following text as a useful but insufficient proxy for the authoritative book pages.

Do not use for reproduction, copying, pasting, or reading; exclusively for search engines.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization Committee on Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. Support for this project was provided by the Department of Energy. Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the agency that provided support for this project. Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Available from: Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology National Research Council 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20418 Printed in the United States of America

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization COMMITTEE ON ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University, Chair MICHAEL J. APTED, QuantiSci, Inc. PATRICIA A. BAISDEN, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory EDITH M. FLANIGEN, UOP (retired) CHARLES L. HUSSEY, University of Mississippi FLORIAN MANSFELD, University of Southern California L. EUGENE MCNEESE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory ROBERT A. OSTERYOUNG, North Carolina State University PAUL G. SHEWMON, Ohio State University RALPH E. WHITE, University of South Carolina Staff CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director, Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization BOARD ON CHEMICAL SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY JOHN L. ANDERSON, Carnegie Mellon University, Co-Chair LARRY E. OVERMAN, University of California, Irvine, Co-Chair GREGORY R. CHOPPIN, Florida State University BARBARA J. GARRISON, Pennsylvania State University ALICE P. GAST, Pennsylvania State University LOUIS C. GLASGOW, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company JOSEPH G. GORDON II, IBM Almaden Research Center ROBERT H. GRUBBS, California Institute of Technology KEITH E. GUBBINS, North Carolina State University JIRI JONAS, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign GEORGE E. KELLER II, Union Carbide Company (retired) RICHARD A. LERNER, Scripps Research Institute GREGORY A. PETSKO, Brandeis University WAYNE H. PITCHER, JR., Genencor Corporation KENNETH N. RAYMOND, University of California at Berkeley PAUL J. REIDER, Merck Research Laboratories MARTIN B. SHERWIN, ChemVen Group, Inc. CHRISTINE S. SLOANE, General Motors PETER J. STANG, University of Utah WILLIAM J. WARD III, General Electric Company JOHN T. YATES, JR., University of Pittsburgh Staff DOUGLAS J. RABER, Director RUTH MCDIARMID, Senior Program Officer CHRISTOPHER K. MURPHY, Program Officer SYBIL A. PAIGE, Administrative Associate MARIA P. JONES, Senior Project Assistant DAVID A. GRANNIS, Research Assistant (through July 20, 1999)

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization COMMISSION ON PHYSICAL SCIENCES, MATHEMATICS, AND APPLICATIONS PETER M. BANKS, ERIM International, Inc., Co-Chair W. CARL LINEBERGER, University of Colorado, Co-Chair WILLIAM BROWDER, Princeton University LAWRENCE D. BROWN, University of Pennsylvania MARSHALL H. COHEN, California Institute of Technology RONALD G. DOUGLAS, Texas A&M University JOHN E. ESTES, University of California at Santa Barbara JERRY P. GOLLUB, Haverford College MARTHA P. HAYNES, Cornell University JOHN L. HENNESSY, Stanford University CAROL M. JANTZEN, Savannah River Westinghouse Company PAUL G. KAMINSKI, Technovation, Inc. KENNETH H. KELLER, University of Minnesota MARGARET G. KIVELSON, University of California at Los Angeles DANIEL KLEPPNER, Massachusetts Institute of Technology JOHN KREICK, Sanders, a Lockheed Martin Company MARSHA I. LESTER, University of Pennsylvania M. ELISABETH PATE-CORNELL, Stanford University NICHOLAS P. SAMIOS, Brookhaven National Laboratory CHANG-LIN TIEN, University of California at Berkeley NORMAN METZGER, Executive Director (through July 1999) MYRON F. UMAN, Acting Executive Director (as of August 1999)

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization This page in the original is blank.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization Acknowledgments This report has been reviewed by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council's (NRC's) Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the authors and the NRC in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The contents of the review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: John Ahearne, Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Center, Stephen Berry, University of Chicago, Robert Budnitz, Future Resources Associates, Inc., Kenneth Czerwinski, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lloyd Heldt, Michigan Technological University, Andrew Kadak, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, George Parshall, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company (retired), and Thomas Pigford, University of California at Berkeley. Although the reviewers listed above have provided many constructive comments and suggestions, they were not asked to endorse the conclusions or recommendations, nor did they see the final draft of the report before its release. Responsibility for the final content of this report rests solely with the authoring committee and the NRC.

OCR for page R1
ELECTROMETALLURGICAL TECHNIQUES FOR DOE SPENT FUEL TREATMENT: An Assessment of Waste Form Development and Characterization This page in the original is blank.