Overall concerns about the fate of the waste forms after the end of the demonstration project were described in 1997:9

The planned development schedule for waste forms pushes strategically important parts of the work beyond the end of the demonstration programs; the effect of such delays on the research schedules needs to be carefully evaluated by ANL and DOE. ANL should develop and implement immediately an overall strategic plan that defines the following:

  • the planned state of waste form development at the end of the demonstration phase and the objectives that will remain to be addressed; and

  • the methods for ensuring optimal, synergistic use of all ANL resources for ceramic waste form development and evaluation.

The recommendation for an overall plan for acceptance criteria for the waste forms, agreed upon by DOE and ANL, was repeated in report 6 (1997).10 In report 7 (1998)11 the recommendation and finding were as follows:

Confirmation that the waste forms produced by EMT are acceptable within the DOE's Office of Radioactive Waste (DOE-RW) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) program for final geological disposal must be a key component in a full qualification of the EMT process.

The committee finds that the criteria established by DOE are reasonable for judging the success of the EBR-II spent fuel treatment demonstration.

The issue of final disposition of the waste forms produced by the electrometallurgical process is essential to determining the usability of this process for the treatment of SNF. The present report reviews the waste forms produced by this process and examines this subject in light of DOE requirements for acceptability of waste forms for placement in a geologic repository.

9  

National Research Council, Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment: Fall 1996 Status Report on Argonne National Laboratory's R&D Activity, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1997, p. 11.

10  

National Research Council, Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment: Status Report on Argonne National Laboratory's R&D Activity Through Spring 1997, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1997, p. 10.

11  

Electrometallurgical Techniques for DOE Spent Fuel Treatment: Spring 1998 Status Report on Argonne National Laboratory's R&D Activity, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1998, pp. 24-25.



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