DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY

Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs

Robert A. Moffitt and Michele Ver Ploeg, Editors

Committee on National Statistics

Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

National Research Council

National Academy Press
Washington, D.C.



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DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs Robert A. Moffitt and Michele Ver Ploeg, Editors Committee on National Statistics Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education National Research Council National Academy Press Washington, D.C.

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DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY NATIONAL ACADEMY PRESS 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W.Washington, D.C.20418 NOTICE: The project that is the subject of this report was approved by the Governing Board of the National Research Council, whose members are drawn from the councils of the National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine. The members of the committee responsible for the report were chosen for their special competences and with regard for appropriate balance. The National Academy of Sciences is a private, nonprofit, self-perpetuating society of distinguished scholars engaged in scientific and engineering research, dedicated to the furtherance of science and technology and to their use for the general welfare. Upon the authority of the charter granted to it by the Congress in 1863, the Academy has a mandate that requires it to advise the federal government on scientific and technical matters. Dr. Bruce Alberts is president of the National Academy of Sciences. The National Academy of Engineering was established in 1964, under the charter of the National Academy of Sciences, as a parallel organization of outstanding engineers. It is autonomous in its administration and in the selection of its members, sharing with the National Academy of Sciences the responsibility for advising the federal government. The National Academy of Engineering also sponsors engineering programs aimed at meeting national needs, encourages education and research, and recognizes the superior achievements of engineers. Dr. William A. Wulf is president of the National Academy of Engineering. The Institute of Medicine was established in 1970 by the National Academy of Sciences to secure the services of eminent members of appropriate professions in the examination of policy matters pertaining to the health of the public. The Institute acts under the responsibility given to the National Academy of Sciences by its congressional charter to be an adviser to the federal government and, upon its own initiative, to identify issues of medical care, research, and education. Dr. Kenneth I. Shine is president of the Institute of Medicine. The National Research Council was organized by the National Academy of Sciences in 1916 to associate the broad community of science and technology with the Academy's purposes of furthering knowledge and advising the federal government. Functioning in accordance with general policies determined by the Academy, the Council has become the principal operating agency of both the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering in providing services to the government, the public, and the scientific and engineering communities. The Council is administered jointly by both Academies and the Institute of Medicine. Dr. Bruce Alberts and Dr. William A. Wulf are chairman and vice chairman, respectively, of the National Research Council. The project that is the subject of this report is supported by Contract No. HHS-100-98-0011 between the National Academy of Sciences and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Support of the work of the Committee on National Statistics is provided by a consortium of federal agencies through a grant from the National Science Foundation (Number SBR-9709489). Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the view of the organizations or agencies that provided support for this project. Additional copies of this report are available from the Committee on National Statistics, National Research Council, 2101 Constitution Avenue, N.W., Harris Building, Room 192, Washington, D.C. 20418. Call (202) 334-3754. Printed in the United States of America. Copyright 1999 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Suggested citation: National Research Council (1999) Data and Methodological Issues for Tracking Former Welfare Recipients: A Workshop Summary. Panel on Data and Methods for Measuring the Effects of Changes in Social Welfare Programs. R.A. Moffitt and M. Ver Ploeg, eds. Committee on National Statistics, Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

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DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY PANEL ON DATA AND METHODS FOR MEASURING THE EFFECTS OF CHANGES IN SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS ROBERT A. MOFFITT (Chair), Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University JOHN L. ADAMS, RAND, Santa Monica, California THOMAS CORBETT, Institute for Research on Poverty, University of Wisconsin, Madison JOHN L. CZAJKA, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Washington, D.C. KATHRYN EDIN, Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania IRWIN GARFINKEL, School of Social Work, Columbia University ROBERT M GOERGE, Chapin Hall Center for Children, University of Chicago ERIC A. HANUSHEK, Department of Economics, University of Rochester V. JOSEPH HOTZ, Departments of Economics and Policy Studies, University of California, Los Angeles RICHARD A. KULKA, Statistics, Health, and Social Policy, Research Triangle Institute REBECCA A. MAYNARD, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania SUZANNE M. RANDOLPH, Department of Family Studies, University of Maryland WERNER SCHINK, California Department of Social Services, Sacramento MICHELE VER PLOEG, Study Director CONSTANCE F. CITRO, Senior Program Officer TELISSIA M. THOMPSON, Senior Project Assistant

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DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY COMMITTEE ON NATIONAL STATISTICS 1998-1999 JOHN E. ROLPH (Chair), Department of Information and Operations Management, University of Southern California JOSEPH G. ALTONJI, Department of Economics, Northwestern University JULIE DAVANZO, RAND, Santa Monica, California WILLIAM F. EDDY, Department of Statistics, Carnegie Mellon University WILLIAM KALSBEEK, Department of Biostatistics, University of North Carolina RODERICK J.A. LITTLE, School of Public Health, University of Michigan THOMAS A. LOUIS, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota CHARLES F. MANSKI, Department of Economics, Northwestern University WILLIAM NORDHAUS, Department of Economics, Yale University JANET L. NORWOOD, Urban Institute, Washington, D.C. EDWARD B. PERRIN, Department of Health Services, University of Washington PAUL ROSENBAUM, Department of Statistics, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania FRANCISCO J. SAMANIEGO, Division of Statistics, University of California, Davis RICHARD L. SCHMALENSEE, Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology MIRON L. STRAF, Director (on leave) ANDREW A. WHITE, Acting Director

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DATA AND METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES FOR TRACKING FORMER WELFARE RECIPIENTS: A WORKSHOP SUMMARY Acknowledgments This report has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the Report Review Committee of the National Research Council. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making the published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. The review comments and draft manuscript remain confidential to protect the integrity of the deliberative process. We wish to thank the following individuals for their participation in the review of this report: Burt S. Barnow, Institute for Policy Studies, Johns Hopkins University; Greg J. Duncan, Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University; Richard E. Larson, Family Investment Administration, Maryland Department of Human Resources; Lawrence M. Mead, Department of Politics, New York University; Robert Michael, Harris Graduate School of Public Policy, University of Chicago; Michael R. Pergamit, National Opinion Research Center, University of Chicago; and Don Winstead, Welfare Reform Administration, Florida Department of Children and Families.

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