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APPENDIX F Biographical Summaries AUTHORS SUSAN THAUL, Ph.D. (Study Director), assumed the role of study director for the last phase of the Five Series Study. With the Medical Follow-up Agency, she produced the 1999 report Potential Radiation Exposure in Military Operations: Protecting the Soldier Before, During, and After, and coauthored the 1996 report Mortality of Veteran Participants in the CROSSROADS Nuclear Test. Dr. Thaul had previously led Institute of Medicine projects in women's health, national statistics, and health services research, among others. She received a Ph.D. in epidemiology from Columbia University and an M.S. in health policy and man- agement from Harvard University. Heading the health staff of the U.S. Senate Committee on Veterans' Affairs (then chaired by Senator Alan Cranston), Dr. Thaul developed legislation in preventive health care and research, women's health care, sexual assault services and prevention, nurse and physician pay, and health effects of environmental hazards during service. Earlier positions were with the Agency for Health Care Policy and Research; the Harlem Hospital Pre- vention of Prematurity Project; and the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation, where she held successive positions leading to associate director of the New York City Emergency Medical Service. WILLIAM F. PAGE, Ph.D., has been a senior program officer at the Medical Follow-up Agency, National Academy of Sciences, since 1986. He directs a number of studies of the health of U.S. veterans, including a study of Navy vet- erans exposed to microwave radiation, and is a coinvestigator on two studies of American atomic veterans. He is a fellow of the American College of Epide- miology. He received his doctorate in mathematics from the University of Mi- ami and received postgraduate training in biostatistics at the University of North Carolina School of Public Health. 198

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APPENDIX F 199 HARRIET CRAWFORD, B.S., is presently the data operations manager for the agency. She has a B.S. in computer and information science from the Uni- versity of Maryland. Since she began working for the Medical Follow-up Agency in 1984, she has designed and implemented many of the agency's data collection and reporting systems. She also coauthored the Institute of Medicine report, Mortality of Veteran Participants in the Crossroads Nuclear Test. HEATHER O'MAONAIGH, M.A., began working as a research assistant for the Medical Follow-up Agency in June 1998. She received a B.S. in sociology from Western Washington University and an M.A. in demography from Georgetown University. ADVISORY COMMITTEE MEMBERS 1' HARVEY CHECKOWAY, Ph.D. (Chair), r- ments in the Departments of Environmental Health and Epidemiology at the University of Washington School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Checkoway received his doctorate in epidemiology from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1978 and was research assistant professor (1979-1986) and research associate professor (1987) in the University of North Carolina Department of Epidemiology. At the University of Washington he has held faculty positions of associate professor (1987-1991) and full professor (1991-present). Since 1990, Dr. Checkoway has been director of the training grant "Environmental and Molecular Epidemiology," which is funded by the National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences. His re- search has focused mainly on occupational and environmental determinants of chronic diseases. Research projects for which Dr. Checkoway has been principal investigator include epidemiologic studies of cancer mortality in nuclear work- ers, cancer mortality in phosphate industry workers, silicosis and lung cancer in silica-exposed diatomaceous earth industry workers, lung cancer among chro- mate-exposed aerospace workers, reproductive hazards among lead smelter workers, and environmental and genetic risk factors for Parkinson's disease. ~ r)rofessor with joint appoint R. J. MICHAEL FRY, M.D., is retired from Oak Ridge National Laboratory, having been head of the Cancer Section of the Biology Division. He continues to serve as consultant to the Life Sciences Division of the laboratory and as adjunct professor at the University of Tennessee. He holds M.B., B.Ch., and M.D. de- grees from the University of Dublin, Ireland. Previous appointments include senior scientist in the Division of Biology and Medicine, Argonne National Laboratory, and professor in the Department of Radiology, University of Chi- cago. He was editor of Radiation' Research and continues as a consulting editor. His research focused on the effects in particular, carcinogenesis-of ionizing and ultraviolet radiation. He is a member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection's Committee 1; National Council on Radiation Protec

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200 THE FIVE SERIES STUDY lion and Measurements' Committees 1, 4, 7, 75, and 88; and chairman of the National Research Council's Board on Radiation Effects Research. His awards include the Failla and Hartman medals and the Lauriston Taylor lectureship. SAMUEL HELLMAN, M.D., is the A.N. Pritzker Distinguished Service Pro- fessor, Department of Radiation and Cellular Oncology, University of Chicago, Center for Advanced Medicine, Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Hellman previously served as Dean and A.N. Pritzker Professor of the Division of Biological Sci- ences and the Pritzker School of Medicine and vice president for the Medical Center; physician-in-chief of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Hospital for Cancer and Allied Diseases; the Benno C. Schmidt Chair in Clinical Oncology at Me- morial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; and professor of radiation oncology at Cornell University Medical College. At Harvard Medical School, Dr. Hellman served as chairman of the Department of Radiation Therapy; the Alvin T. and Viola D. Fuller American Cancer Society Professor; and director of the Joint Center for Radiation Therapy. Dr. Hellman has been active in both clinical and laboratory investigation including studies of breast cancer, prostate cancer, lym- phoma, and the cell kinetics of the hematopoietic system. He is the author or coauthor of some 258 scientific articles; coeditor of the standard textbook on cancer, Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, and coeditor of"The Cancer Journal" from Scientific American. Dr. Hellman served as chairman of the board of Allegheny College (1987-1993), where he received his B.S. degree magna cum laude in 1955; is a fellow of the Institute of Medicine of the Na- tional Academy of Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science; and is a member of the board of directors of Varian Associates, Inc., and of the board of trustees of The Brookings Institution. He has served as president of both the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncol- ogy and the American Society of Clinical Oncology. He received the 1980 Richard and Hinda Rosenthal Foundation Award for Clinical Research of the American Association of Cancer Research; the Gold Medals of both the Ameri- can Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology and the del Regato Foun- dation; the American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology Centen- nial Hartman Orator Medal; and the Claudius Regaud Medal of the European Society for Therapeautic Radiology and Oncology. ELAINE RON, Ph.D., is chief of the Radiation Epidemiology Branch in the Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics at the National Cancer Institute. Her research focuses on the carcinogenic effects of radiation exposure and the epidemiology of thyroid cancer. She is a consultant to the United Nations Sci- entific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (UNSCEAR) and an ad- viser to the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements' Com- mittee 1-8 on Induction of Thyroid Cancer by Ionizing Radiation. She is a fellow of the American Epidemiology Society and a member of the Society for Epidemiologic Research and the Radiation Research Society. Dr. Ron holds a master's degree in health service administration from Yale University and a

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APPENDIX F 201 Ph.D. in epidemiology from Tel Aviv University. She currently is an associate editor of Radiation Research. WILLIAM G. SEIBERT, M.A., is the senior archivist at the National Archives and Records Administration's Military Personnel Records facility in St. Louis. He has worked with NARA's collections of twentieth century military personnel and medical records for 20 years and has wide knowledge of alternate record sources available for use in reconstructing military service and medical data on individuals whose records were lost in the 1973 St. Louis fire. Mr. Seibert is a member of the Academy of Certified Archivists. He holds a B.A. in history from the College of William and Mary and a B.A. and M.A. in law from the Univer- sity of Oxford. JOHN E. TILL, Ph.D. Following graduation with distinction from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1967, Dr. Till served in the U.S. Navy Nuclear Submarine Program. He has received the E.O. Lawrence Award from the U.S. Department of Energy in the field of environmental science and technology for his work in public involvement and research in dose reconstruction and the Elda E. Ander- son Award from the Health Physics Society. He received his Ph.D. degree from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1976, worked as a staff scientist at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, and in 1977 formed Radiological Assessments Corporation. Renamed the Risk Assessment Corporation in 1998, it conducts independent research concerning environmental risk analysis for radionuclides and chemicals, playing a key role in the evolution of methodologies for envi- ronmental risk analysis. Dr. Till's scientific achievements include more than 150 publications, including editing the first textbook on radiation dose analysis, Ra- diological Assessment, and other documents that stress new approaches to apply and simplify risk analysis. Dr. Till's current work focuses on the assessment of risk from past releases of radionuclides and chemicals. He has been responsible for the dosimetry estimates in a major University of Utah epidemiologic dose reconstruction project, supported by the National Cancer Institute, and was chairman of the Technical Steering Panel that directed the Hanford Environ- mental Dose Reconstruction Project. In this capacity, he led an effort to actively involve the public in scientific research to determine the effects of early Hanford environmental contaminants. He is a member of Committee 4 of the Interna- tional Commission on Radiological Protection and the National Council on Ra- diation Protection and Measurements. He also serves on numerous national and international committees and advisory groups. CLARICE R. WEINBERG, Ph.D., is currently chief of the Biostatistics Branch at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health. She is also adjunct professor in the Department of Epide- miology and the Department of Biostatistics at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She holds a master's in mathematics from Brandeis University and a Ph.D. in biostatistics from the University of Washington. Her areas of exper

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202 THE FIVE SERIES STUDY tise are reproductive epidemiology, modeling of human fertility, and statistical methods in epidemiology. She is a fellow of the American Statistical Associa- tion, an editor at the American Journal of Epidemiology, and serves on the edito- rial boards of Epidemiology and Environmental Health Perspectives.