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86 THE FIVE SERIES STUDY Martin E, Rowland R. Castle Series, 1954. DNA 6035 F. Washington, D.C.: Defense Nuclear Agency, 1982. Mettler FA, Upton AC. Medical Effects of Ionizing Radiation, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders, 1995. Nagataki S. Shibata Y. Inoue S. Yokoyama N. Izumi M, Shimaoka K. Thyroid diseases among atomic bomb survivors in Nagasaki. Journal of the American Medical Asso- ciation 272~5~:364 370, 1994. NCRP (National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements). Ionizing Radiation Exposure of the Population of the United States. NCRP Report. No. 93. Bethesda, Md.: National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, 1987. National Research Council. Committee on the Biological Effects of Ionizing Radiation (BEIR V). Health Effects of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation. Wash- ington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1990. Page WF. VA mortality reporting for World War II Army veterans [letter]. American Journal of Public Health 82~1~: 12~125, 1992. Page WF. Evaluation of Vietnam Veteran Mortality Ascertainment by Department of Veterans Affairs Files, Final report to the Veterans Administration under contract V101~93)P-1316. Washington, D.C., March 1993 (unpublished manuscript). Page WF, Braun MM, Caporaso NE. Ascertainment of mortality in the U.S. veteran population: World War II veteran twins. Military Medicine 160~7~:351-355, 1995. Page WF, Mahan CM, Kang HK. Vital status ascertainment through the files of the De- partment of Veterans Affairs and the Social Security Administration. Annals of Epi- demiology 6~2~: 102-109, 1996. Pearce N. Mortality and Cancer Incidence in New Zealand Participants in United King- dom Nuclear Weapons Tests in the Pacif c: Supplementary Report. Wellington, New Zealand: Wellington School of Medicine, 1996. Pearce N. Winkelmann R. Kennedy J. Lewis S. Purdie G. Slater T. Prior I, Fraser J. Fur- ther follow-up of New Zealand participants in United Kingdom atmospheric nuclear weapons tests in the Pacific. Cancer Causes and Control 8:139-145, 1997. Pierce DA, Shimizu Y. Preston DL, Vaeth M, Mabuchi K. Studies of the mortality of A- bomb survivors. Report 12, Part I. Cancer: 1950-1990. Radiation Research 146:1- 27, 1996. Ponton J. Massie J. Maag C, Shepanel R. Rohrer S. Operation Upshot-Knothole, 1953. Washington, D.C.: Defense Nuclear Agency, 1982. Preston DL, Kusumi S. Tomonaga M, Izumi S. Ron E, Kuramoto A, Kamada N. Dohy H. Matsui T. Nonaka H. Thompson DE, Soda M, Mabuchi K. Cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors. Part III: Leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma, 1950-1987. Radiation Research 137(Suppl.~: S68-S97, 1994. Robinette CD, Jablon S. Preston TL. Mortality of Nuclear Weapons Test Participants. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council, 1985. Ron E. Ionizing radiation and cancer risk: Evidence from epidemiology. Radiation Re- search 150(Suppl.~:S3~S41, 1998. Ron E, Preston DL, Mabuchi K, Thompson DE, Soda M. Cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors. Part IV: Comparison of cancer incidence and mortality. Radiation Research 137(Suppl.~:S98-S112, 1994. Rothman KJ and Greenland S. Modern Epidemiology. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippin- cott-Raven, 1998. SAS Institute, Inc. SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements Through Release 6.11. Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc., 1996.

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REFERENCES 87 Schull WJ. Effects of Atomic Radiation: A Half-Century of Studies from Hiroshima and Nagasaki. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1995. Seltzer CC, Jablon S. Effects of selection on mortality. American Journal of Epidemio- 10gy 100:367-372, 1974. Seltzer CC, Jablon S. Army rank and subsequent mortality by cause: 23-year follow-up. American Journal of Epidemiology 105 :559-566, 1977. Sherman GJ, Howe GR, Miller AB, Rosenstein M. Organ dose per unit exposure result- ing from fluoroscope for artificial pneumothorax. Health Physics 35:259-269, 1978. Shore RE, Hildreth N. Woodward E, Dvoretsky P. Hempelmann L, Pasternack B. Breast cancer among women given x-ray therapy for acute postpartum mastitis. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 77~34:689-696, 1986. Singleton RA, Straits BC, Straits MM. Approaches to Social Research. 2n~ edition. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. Thomas, TL, Kang HK, Dalager NA. Mortality among women Vietnam veterans, 1973- 1987. American Journal of Epidemiology 134:973-980, 1991. Thompson DE, Mabuchi K, Ron E, Soda M, Tokunaga M, Ochobuko S. Sugimoto S. Ikeda T. Terasaki M, Izumi S. et al. Cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors. Part II: Solid tumors. Radiation Research 137(Suppl.~:S17-S67, 1994. UNSCEAR (United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation). Sources and Effects of Ionizing Radiation. UNSCEAR 1994 Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. New York: United Nations, 1994. USDHHS (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services). Postservice mortality among Vietnam veterans (The Centers for Disease Control Vietnam Experience Study). Journal of the American Medical Association 257~6~:790-795, 1987. USDHHS. The International Class.ification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Mod.ifi- cation, 4th edition. DHHS Publication No. (PHS) 91-1260), 1991. Watanabe KK, Kang HK. Military service in Vietnam and the risk of death from trauma and selected cancers. Annals of Epidemiology 5:407-412, 1995. Watanabe KK, Kang HK, Dalager NA. Cancer mortality risk among military participants of a 1958 atmospheric nuclear weapons test. American Journal of Public Health 85:523, 1995.

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THE FIVE SERIES STUDY PREP UBLICATION COPY FOR PUBLIC RELEASEllAMOCTOBER20, 1999 Pearce N. Winkelmann R. Kennedy I, Lewis S. Purdie G. Slater T. Prior I, Fraser I. Further follow-up of New Zealand participants in United Kingdom atmospheric nuclear weapons tests in the Pacific. Cancer Causes and Control S: 139-145, 1997. Pierce DA, Shimizu Y. Preston DL, Vaeth M, Mabuchi K. Studies of the mortality of A- bomb survivors. Report 12, Part I. Cancer: 195~1990. Radiation Research 146:1-27, 1996. Ponton J. Massie J. Maag C, Shepanel R. Rohrer S. Operation Upshot-Knothole, 1953. Washington, D.C.: Defense Nuclear Agency, 1982. Preston DL, Kusumi S. Tomonaga M, Izumi S. Ron E, Kuramoto A, Kamada N. Dohy H. Matsui T. Nonaka H. Thompson DE, Soda M, Mabuchi K. Cancer incidence in atomic bomb survivors. Part III: Leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma, 195~1987. Radiation Research 137 (Suppl.~: S68-S97, 1994. Robinette CD, Jablon S. Preston TL. Studies of Participants in Nuclear Tests. Washington, D.C.: National Research Council, 1985. Ron E. Tonizing radiation and cancer r~sk: Evidence from epidem~ology. Radiation Research 150(Suppl.~:S3~S4l, 1998. Ron E, Preston DE, Mabuchi K, Thompson DE, Soda M. Cancer incidence in atom~c bomb survivors. Part IV: Compar~son of cancer incidence and mortality. Radiation Research. 137 (Suppl.~: S98-S!12, 1994. Rothman KT and Greeniand S. Modern Epidemiology. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 1998. SAS Institute, Inc. SAS/STAT Software: Changes and Enhancements Through Release 6.~. Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc., 1996. Schull WJ. Effects of Atomic Radtiation: A Half-Century of Studties from Hiroshima andt Nagasaki. New York: Wiley-Liss, 1995. Seltzer CC, lablon S. Effects of selection on mortality. American JournaZ of Epidemiology 100:367-372, 1974. Seltzer CC, lablon S. Army rank and subsequent mortality by cause: 23-year follow-up. American Journal of Epidemiology 105:559-566, 1977. Sherman G], Howe GR, Miller AB, Rosenstein M. Organ dose per unit exposure resulting from fluoroscopy for artificial pneumothorax. Health Physics 35:259-269, 1978. PP\REFERENCES 6