dating to Mr. Kammer's tenure as a deputy director of NIST and Dr. Spencer's time at Xerox. Since 1997, Mr. Kammer has been the director of NIST, but has been at NIST in some capacity since 1980. Presently, NIST has over 3,300 employees and a budget in excess of $800 million. NIST's laboratories in Gaithersburg, Maryland, and Boulder, Colorado, are among the finest in the world and attract some of the best scientists in the nation. Dr. Spencer was well aware of how the semiconductor industry has benefited from NIST in areas such as metrology. With NIST's outstanding reputation, Dr. Spencer said he was eager to hear Mr. Kammer perspectives on the ATP.