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Contents

KEYNOTE LECTURE

 

 

 

 

The Emergence of the National Science Foundation as a Supporter of Ocean Sciences in the United States
John A. Knauss

 

3

LANDMARK ACHIEVEMENTS OF OCEAN SCIENCES

 

 

 

 

Achievements in Biological Oceanography
Richard T. Barber and Anna K. Hilting

 

11

 

 

Achievements in Chemical Oceanography
John W. Farrington

 

22

 

 

Achievements in Physical Oceanography
Walter Munk

 

44

 

 

Achievements in Marine Geology and Geophysics
Marcia K. McNutt

 

51

 

 

Deep Submergence: The Beginnings of Alvin as a Tool of Basic Research
Sandra Toye

 

65

 

 

The History of Woods Hole's Deep Submergence Program
Robert D. Ballard

 

67

CREATING INSTITUTIONS TO MAKE SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERIES POSSIBLE

 

 

 

 

A Chronology of the Early Development of Ocean Sciences at NSF
Michael R. Reeve

 

87

 

 

Ocean Sciences at the National Science Foundation: Early Evolution
Mary Johrde

 

93

 

 

Ocean Sciences at the National Science Foundation: An Administrative History
Sandra Toye

 

96

 

 

Two Years of Turbulence Leading to a Quarter Century of Cooperation: The Birth of UNOLS
John V. Byrne and Robertson P. Dinsmore

 

107

 

 

Scientific Ocean Drilling, from AMSOC to COMPOST
Edward L. Winterer

 

117

 

 

Technology Development for Ocean Sciences at NSF
H. Lawrence Clark

 

128

LARGE AND SMALL SCIENCE PROGRAMS: A DELICATE BALANCE

 

 

 

 

The Great Importance of "Small" Science Programs
G. Michael Purdy

 

137

 

 

The Role of NSF in "Big" Ocean Science: 1950 to 1980
Feenan D. Jennings

 

141

 

 

Major Physical Oceanography Programs at NSF: IDOE Through Global Change
Richard B. Lambert, Jr.

 

149



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