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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories APPENDIX B Committee and Staff Biographies COMMITTEE RICHARD A. MESERVE (Chair) is a partner in the law firm of Covington and Burling. He holds a law degree from Harvard Law School and a Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford University. Earlier in his career he served as clerk for Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun and as legal counsel and senior policy analyst in the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. Dr. Meserve has served as chair or vice-chair of a number of National Research Council committees, including the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems, the Committee on Declassification of Information for the Department of Energy Environmental Remediation and Related Programs, and the Panel on Cooperation with the USSR on Reactor Safety. He was also chair of the Committee of Dual-Use Technologies, Export Control, and Materials Protection, Control, and Accountability and the Committee on Upgrading Russian Capabilities to Secure Plutonium and Highly Enriched Uranium. Dr. Meserve resigned from the committee after his appointment as Chairman of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in October 1999. JOHN P. McTAGUE (Chair) is former vice president for technical affairs of the Ford Motor Company. He is a member of the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board. He also serves as Co-chair of the U.S. Department of Energy 's Laboratory Operations Board. Dr. McTague was formerly vice president for research at Ford Motor Company. Prior to joining Ford, Dr. McTague served as Deputy Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and as Acting Science Advisor to
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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories the President, in the Executive Office of the President. He was also an adjunct professor of chemistry at Columbia University. Dr. McTague was elected Alfred P. Sloan Research fellow, a NATO senior fellow, a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial fellow, and a member of the President 's Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). He received his undergraduate degree from Georgetown University and his doctorate from Brown University. Dr. McTague is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. RUTH M. DAVIS is President and Chief Executive Officer of the Pymatuning Group, Inc., which specializes in industrial modernization strategies and technology development. She is currently the Chairman of the Aerospace Corporation and serves on the Boards of BTG, Inc., Ceridian Corporation, Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Institute for Defense Analyses, SSDS, Inc., and Varian Semiconductor Equipment Associates, Inc. She has also served as a member of the Board of Regents of the National Library of Medicine from 1989 to 1992 and as Chairman of that Board from 1991 to 1992. Dr. Davis was Assistant Secretary of Energy for Resource Applications (1979–1981) and Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Advanced Technology (1977–1979). She obtained both her Ph.D. and M.A. degrees from the University of Maryland. Dr. Davis is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JOHN H. (JACK) GIBBONS served as Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy, from February 1993 to April 15, 1998. In that position he co-chaired the President 's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology and was a member of the Domestic Policy Council, the National Economic Council, the National Security Council, and the National Science and Technology Council, which coordinates science and technology policy and budgets across the federal government. He received a bachelor's degree in mathematics and chemistry from Randolph-Macon College in 1949 and a doctorate in physics from Duke University in 1954. He currently serves on the Board of Directors of the World Resources Institute, the Board of Governors of the New York Academy of Sciences, and on the boards of several high-tech companies. He is a member of the University of Virginia Visiting Committee to the Shannon Center for Advanced Studies and is a member of the National Advisory Committee of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (DOE). During 1998 through 1999, Dr. Gibbons was the Karl T. Compton Lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is president-elect of Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society, and is a senior fellow at the National Academy of Engineering. Dr. Gibbons is a member of the National Academy of Engineering. JOHN P. HOLDREN is the Teresa and John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy and Director of the Program in Science, Technology and Public
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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, and Professor of Environmental Science and Public Policy in the Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, at Harvard University. He is currently the Chairman of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) and he chaired CISAC's panel that assessed reactor options for the disposition of excess plutonium. Dr. Holdren is also a member of the President's Committee of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST). In connection with PCAST, Dr. Holdren has chaired studies for the White House on protection of nuclear bomb materials (1995), the U.S. fusion-energy research and development program (1995), U.S. energy research and development strategy for the challenges of the 21st century (1997), and international cooperation on energy-technology innovation (1999). From 1996 to the present he has co-chaired with Evegeny Velikhov the U.S.–Russian Independent Scientific Commission on Plutonium Disposition (reporting to Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin). Dr. Holdren is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. MICHAEL M. MAY is the Co-Director of Stanford University's Center for International Security and Cooperation and Professor (Research) of Engineering-Economic Systems and Operations Research at Stanford. He is currently Director Emeritus of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory of which he was the Director from 1965 to 1971. Professor May was technical advisor to the Threshold Test Ban Treaty negotiating team, a member of the U.S. delegation to the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, and has been a member of the Defense Science Board, the General Advisory Committee to the Atomic Energy Commission, the Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, the RAND Corporation Board of Trustees, and the Committee on International Security and Arms Control of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Pacific Council on International Policy, and a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. WOLFGANG (PIEF) PANOFSKY is Professor and Director Emeritus at the Linear Accelerator Center at Stanford University (SLAC). He served as Director of SLAC during the period from 1961 to 1984. He is a current member of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control (CISAC) and chaired CISAC 's study on plutonium disposition. He was a member of the President 's Science Advisory Committee under Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy and the General Advisory Committee on Arms Control to the President under President Carter. He has also served on the National Research Council (NRC) Committee to Provide Interim Oversight of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Weapons Complex, the DOE Panel on Nuclear Warhead Dismantlement and Special Nuclear Materials Controls, and the NRC Committee on Declassification of Information for DOE 's Environmental Remediation and Related Programs. Dr. Panofsky is a member of the National Academy of Sciences.
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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories STAFF JOHN P. BORIGHT is the Executive Director of the Office of International Affairs of the National Academy of Sciences. From 1994 to 1995, he served as Deputy to the Associate Director for National Security and International Affairs in the Executive Office of the President at the Office of Science and Technology Policy. From 1989 to 1995, he also served as U.S. Delegate to the OECD Committee on Science and Technology Policy. During the period from 1989 to 1994 he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Science and Technology Affairs at the Department of State overseeing U.S. science and technology agreements with other countries, international space policy and program matters, and the science officer system at U.S. Embassies. During the period 1987 to 1989 Dr. Boright served as Director of the Division of International Programs at the National Science Foundation, where he developed international cooperative arrangements and U.S. access to science and engineering in other countries, particularly with Japan, other Asian countries, and the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Prior to 1987 he served for 10 years at the Department of State, including a 4-year tour (1982–1986) as Counselor for Scientific and Technological Affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Paris. Dr. Boright's earlier professional experience includes work at the Goddard Space Flight Center, the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the U.S. Mission to International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, Austria. Dr. Boright currently serves as U.S. Board member for the Science and Technology Center, Ukraine. He has received numerous awards for outstanding service. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and received a B.A. and Ph.D. in physics from Cornell University. JO L. HUSBANDS is the Director of the Committee on International Security and Arms Control. From 1986 to 1991 she was Director of the Academy's Project on Democratization and a Senior Research Associate for its Committee on International Conflict and Cooperation. Before joining the NAS, from 1982 to 1986 Dr. Husbands was Deputy Director of the Committee for National Security, a Washington, D.C.-based non-governmental organization. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from the University of Minnesota and a Master's degree in International Public Policy (International Economics) from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies. Dr. Husbands has published widely on the topics of arms control, arms transfers, weapons proliferation, and international negotiations. She is a member of the board of the Arms Control Association, the editorial boards of International Studies Quarterly and International Politics, and a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies. WENDY D. WHITE is Director of the Division for International Organizations and Academy Cooperation (IOAC) at the National Research Council. Her office evaluates the directions of international science and technology and ad-
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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories vances U.S. participation in international organizations and programs. IOAC provides a forum to discuss matters of common concern to all scientists, such as education, public understanding of science, the availability of and access to scientific information, new patterns of scientific communication, and the freedom to conduct science. Since joining the National Research Council in 1979, she has worked in more than 40 countries in Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. She has degrees in French and History (Macalester College), a Master 's degree in library science (University of Minnesota), and a post-graduate certificate in publishing (George Washington University). TAMAE MAEDA WONG is a Program Manager in the Division for International Organizations and Academy Cooperation (IOAC) at the National Research Council. She manages the U.S. National Committee system that addresses international issues of interest to U.S. researchers such as collaboration of young investigators, free circulation of scientists, building communications and technology resources, and fostering science in the developing world. Dr. Wong has been with the National Research Council since 1993 addressing issues in chemical sciences, environmental technologies and management, international collaboration of young researchers, laboratory safety, and careers for science and engineering students. Prior to joining the Academies, she has conducted research in surface science at Brookhaven National Laboratories and Georgetown University. She holds Ph.D. and M.S. degrees in materials science and engineering from the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. in physics from Bryn Mawr College. She has served on the editorial advisory board of the Chemical and Engineering News and was the editor for Women in Science magazine. GEOFFREY S. FRENCH is a Research Associate for the National Academy of Sciences' Committee on International Security and Arms Control. He supports the committee in its dialogues with similar groups of scientists and former government officials in Russia, China, and India. He also supports the committee's ad hoc panels that advise the government in technical or policy issues. He has worked with the Academy since 1994, primarily in health policy, and has contributed to several studies for the Institute of Medicine. His undergraduate degree is in history and anthropology, and he completed his Master's degree in national security studies at Georgetown University. MELISSA GOODWlN has worked in the Office of International Affairs of the National Research Council since 1997, beginning as an intern and returning as a program assistant after completing a legislative internship with the Irish Parliament. She has an M.A. in Irish Studies from the Catholic University of America and a B.A. in history from the University of Texas, Permian Basin.
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Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security Controls at the Nation's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories KAI-HENRIK BARTH is a Ph.D. candidate in history of science and technology at the University of Minnesota. In his research he examines the role of scientists in nuclear arms control negotiations. His M.S. in experimental high-energy physics with a minor in history of science is from the University of Hamburg, Germany. Formerly, he was a research physicist at the German Electron Synchrotron Laboratory. Kai-Henrik is currently supporting the Committee on International Security and Arms Control as an intern. WENDY BLANPIED is currently working on the Committee on Balancing Scientific Openness and National Security as a project assistant. Previously, she worked in Venezuela as an English teacher and as an editorial assistant for the Venezuelan American Chamber of Commerce. After graduating from the University of Maryland, she supported the French Embassy as an intern. She received her B.A. in French language and literature and European history in 1997.
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