TABLE 1-1 Funding Allocations for the Office of Fuels Development Biofuels Program

 

FY 1998 Appropriations

FY 1999 Appropriations

FY 2000 Budget Requests

Ethanol Production

 

 

 

Advanced fermentation organisms

$ 1,960

$ 2,200

$ 3,000

Advanced cellulase

2,455

4,547

5,500

Pretreatment

1,906

2,800

5,508

Consortium for plant biotechnology research

2,455

1,250

0

Integrated process development

8,265

11,500

11,500

Cellulose-to-ethanol production facilities

7,091

13,653

11,933

Feasibility studies

841

0

0

Subtotal

25,027

35,950

37,441

Biodiesel Production

 

 

 

Biodiesel production technologies

600

750

1,000

Waste oil assessment

200

 

 

Subtotal

800

750

1,000

Feedstock Production

 

 

 

Biomass feedstock development centers

1,600

1,600

4,000

Environmental effect of energy crop deployment

400

225

225

Energy crop seedling/planting stock selection

100

100

100

Large-scale woody crop plantation

150

125

125

Switchgrass variety testing and scale-up

200

500

500

Feedstock composition and multiproduct use

0

100

200

Mechanization

50

150

350

Subtotal

2,500

2,800

5,500

Regional Biomass Energy Program

 

 

 

Regional biomass resources

1,650

1,650

2,000

Biofuels production resources

350

600

1,500

Subtotal

2,000

2,250

3,500

Integrated Bioenergy Technology

 

 

6,000

Totals

30,327

41,750

53,441

 

Source: OFD.

number of presentations on OFD's biofuels program and related issues (see Appendix C). The committee used the information from these sessions as input to its deliberations.

This report focuses on the main components of OFD's bioethanol and biodiesel programs, most of which are directed toward the development of bioethanol technologies rather than biodiesel. Chapter 2 provides a brief history of the use of bioethanol as a transportation fuel and describes the market conditions for biomass-based ethanol. Chapter 3 addresses parts of the program related to feedstocks. Chapter 4 addresses biomass-to-ethanol conversion technologies. Chapter 5 addresses crosscutting program issues.



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