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References Allenby, B.R. 1999. Industrial Ecology: Policy Framework and Implementation. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice Hall. Allison, J. 1998. Light Weight Connecting Rod: Alternate Materials Case Study. Presented at the Automotive Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., March 12-13, 1998. Almasi, G., H. Chang, G.E. Keefe, and D.A. Thompson. U.S. Patent 3691540. Integrated Magneto- Resistive Sensing of Bubble Domain. Filed 10/6/70, Issued 9112172. Baibich, M., J. Broto, and A. Fert. 1988. Giant Magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr magnetic superlattices. Physical Review Letters 61(21): 2472. Briant, C.L., and B.P. Bewlay. 1995. The Coolidge process for making tungsten ductile: The founda- tion of incandescent lighting. Materials Research Society Bulletin 20(8): 67-73. Bridenbaugh, P. 1998. Aluminum-Intensive Vehicles. Presented at the Automotive Workshop, Na- tional Research Council, Washington, D.C. March 12-13, 1998. Buch F. 1998. Aluminum-MMC Disk Brake Rotors. Presented at the Automotive Workshop, Na- tional Research Council, Washington, D.C. March 12-13, 1998. Burte, H.M. 1981. Middle-ground R&D how can it be rejuvenated? JOM 33(5): 29-30. Dieny, B. V. Speriosu, and S. Metin. 1991. Magnetotransport properties of magnetically soft spin- valve structures (invited). Journal of Applied Physics 69(8): 4774-4780. DOC (U.S. Department of Commerce). 1998. Annual Survey of Manufacturers: Statistics for Indus- try Groups and Industries. M96(AS)- 1. Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Commerce. DOC. 1999. Advance-1997 Economic Census: Core Business Statistics Series. EC97X-CS1. Eco- nomics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Depart- ment of Commerce. Egelhoff, W.F., Jr., P.J. Chen, C.J. Powell, M.D. Stiles, R.D. McMichael, C.-L. Lin, J.M. Sivertsen, J.H. Judy, K. Takano, A.E. Berkowitz, T.C. Anthony, and J.A. Brug. 1996. Optimizing the giant magnetoresistance of symmetric and bottom spin valves. Journal of Applied Physics 2A 79(8): 5277-5279. Fisher, J.C., and R.H. Pry. 1971. A simple model of technological change. Technological Forecast- ing and Social Change 3: 75-88. 76

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REFERENCES 77 Giamei, A.F. 1998. Efficient Materials R&D. Presentation at the Gas Turbine Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 22-23, 1998. Holton, G., H. Chang, and E. Jurkowitz. 1996. How a scientific discovery is made: a case history. American Scientist 84(4): 364-375. Hunt, R.P. U.S. Patent 3,493,694. Magnetoresistive Head. Filed 1/19/66, Issued 213170. Maurer, G.E. 1998. Special Metals Corporation: Alloy/Material Supplier Issues. Presentation at the Gas Turbine Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 22-23, 1998. McCracken, J. 1998. Tailored Blanks. Presented at the Automotive Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C. March 12-13, 1998. NAS (National Academy of Sciences). 1998. International Benchmarking of U.S. Materials Science and Engineering Research. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC (National Research Council). 1989. Materials Science and Engineering for the 1990s. Board on Physics and Astronomy and National Materials Advisory Board. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1993. Commercialization of New Materials for a Global Economy. National Materials Advi- sory Board. NMAB-465. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996. Coatings for High-Temperature Structural Materials: Trends and Opportunities. Na- tional Materials Advisory Board. NMAB-475. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1997. Intermetallic Alloy Development: A Program Evaluation. National Materials Advisory Board. NMAB-487-1. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1999a. Harnessing Science and Technology for America's Economic Future. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. l999b. Industrial Technology Assessments: An Evaluation of the Research Program of the Office of Industrial Technologies. National Materials Advisory Board. NMAB-487-4. Wash- ington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NSTC (National Science and Technology Council). 1995. The Federal Research and Development Program in Materials Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office. OIT. 1997. The Office of Industrial Technologies: Enhancing the Competitiveness, Efficiency, and Environmental Quality of American Industry through Technology Partnerships. Office of In- dustrial Technologies, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. Washington, D.C.: Department of Energy. Olson, G.B. 1998. Systems Design of Advanced Alloys: Strategies for Accelerating New Materials Adoption. Presentation at the Gas Turbine Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 22-23, 1998. Roberge, G.D. 1998. Assessing Performance Potential and Accompanying Risk. Presented at the Gas Turbine Workshop, National Research Council, Washington, D.C., January 22-23, 1998.

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