TABLE 7–1 Participation Rates of Households in Means-Tested Welfare Programs, 1994–1996 (percent)

 

AFDC

Food Stamps

Medicaid

Housing Assistance

Hispanic

11.8

20.1

24.5

9.1

Non-Hispanic White

2.7

5.7

8.3

3.5

Non-Hispanic Black

14.0

23.3

27.0

15.3

American Indian and Aleut. Eskimo

15.6

24.5

43.8

11.4

Asian and Pacific Islander

4.9

7.1

13.5

5.3

 

SOURCE: Authors’ tabulations from the March 1994, 1995, and 1996 Current Population Surveys.

FIGURE 7–2 Percentage of benefit usage from any of the welfare programs, by race, 1985–1995. SOURCE: Authors’ tabulations from Current Population Survey.

ertheless signals racial and ethnic usage differences that should be a policy concern. That more than one-half of all American Indians and Alaska Natives, and more than one-third of non-Hispanic Blacks and Hispanics, receive benefits from at least one type of program reflects a disadvantaged status and degree of dependency that have to be regarded as very high.



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