See Note 2.


G. Badhwar, Presentation to CSSP. This material, which was presented to CSSP at its meeting on January 26, 1998, is available for viewing in the National Research Council's Public Access Records Office.


J. Wilson, L. Townsend, W. Schimmerling, G. Khandelwal, F. Khan, J. Nealy, F. Cucinota, L. Simonsen, J. Shinn, and J. Norbury, Transport Methods and Interactions for Space Radiation, NASA Reference Publication 1257, 1991.


See pp. 7 and 8 in the reference at note 16.


A proposed flight rule, submitted to the ISS program office for approval, also gives a prominent role in real-time decision making during ISS missions to the radiation health officer (RHO). Under this rule, the flight surgeon would consult with the RHO regarding potential radiation effects (based on radiation dose projections from SRAG) before making recommendations to the flight director regarding actions to reduce crew radiation exposure. Such a consultation might occur, for example, as astronauts prepare to leave the relative safety of the ISS for an EVA, or while an EVA is under way.


J.L. Modisette, M.D. Lopez, and J.W. Snyder, "Radiation plan for the Apollo lunar mission," AIAA paper 69-19; J.L. Modisette, T.M. Vinson, and A.C. Hardy, "Model solar proton environments for manned spacecraft design," Manned Spacecraft Center, NASA TN D-2746, April 1965; M.D. Lopez, A.L. Bragg, and J.L. Modisette, "Preliminary warning criteria for Solar Particle Alert Network," NASA Program Apollo Working Paper No. 1193, NASA Manned Spacecraft Center, 1966; D.E. Robbins and J.H. Reid, "Solar physics at the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center," Solar Physics, 10, 1969, pp. 502-510.


H.H. Malitson and W.R. Weber, Solar Proton Manual, F.G. McDonald, ed., NASA Goddard Space Flight Center X-611-62-122, 1963; W.R. Weber, "An evaluation of the radiation hazard due to solar-particle events," Boeing Co. Report D2-90469, December 1963.


Space Studies Board, National Research Council, Radiation Hazards to Crews of Interplanetary Missions, National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1996, p. 15.

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