4

 

SPACECRAFT SOURCES OF OPERATIONAL RADIATION DATA

 

39

   

4.1 Value of Spacecraft Monitors in Support of ISS Construction

 

39

   

4.2 An Interagency Fleet of Spacecraft Monitors

 

41

   

4.3 Future Spacecraft in Support of ISS Operations

 

42

   

4.4 Summary and Recommendation

 

44

   

4.5 Notes and References

 

44

5

 

INTERAGENCY CONNECTIONS

 

45

   

5.1 Institutional Factors Limiting Interagency Ability to Provide Better Information for Operational Radiation Risk Assessments

 

45

   

5.2 Recommendations

 

47

6

 

INTRA-NASA CONNECTIONS

 

48

   

6.1 Radiation: A Concern throughout NASA

 

48

   

6.2 NASA Programs That Involve Radiation

 

49

   

6.3 Communication between Programs with an Interest in Radiation

 

50

   

6.4 Summary and Recommendation

 

51

 

 

EPILOGUE: A NOTIONAL SCENARIO FOR IMPROVED SUPPORT OF INTERNATIONAL SPACE STATION CONSTRUCTION

 

52

   

E.1 Vision of an ISS Construction Mission Supported by Reliable, Accurate Radiation Forecast Models during the Solar Maximum

 

52

   

E.2 The Way Things Ought to Work

 

52

   

E.3 The Missing Pieces

 

55

   

E.4 Timetable for Implementing the Report's Recommendations

 

55

 

 

APPENDIXES

 

 

   

A SPACE WEATHER MODELS APPLIED TO RADIATION RISK REDUCTION

 

59

   

A.1 Space Weather Models

 

59

   

A.2 Near-Earth Space Environment Models

 

61

   

A.3 Advanced Empirically Based Forecast Models of Radiation Risk Parameters

 

62

   

A.4 Observational Supplements to Model-Based Forecasts

 

62

   

A.5 National Space Weather Program

 

63

   

A.6 Summary and Findings

 

64

   

A.7 Notes and References

 

66

   

B STATEMENT OF TASK

 

68

   

C BIOGRAPHIES OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS

 

70

   

D ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

 

74



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