References

AMH Consulting. 1996. Report of the EG&G Sponsored Safety Review Team's Review of the Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility (TOCDF). December 20, 1996. Arlington, Va.: AMH Consulting.

Amirav, A., and H. Jing. 1996. Pulsed Flame Photometer for Gas Chromatography. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. April 1996, unpublished.

Arthur Anderson. 1998. A Schedule Risk Assessment of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Project. Arthur Andersen LLP (October 1998). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization.


Campbell, C. 1998. Interview with Craig Campbell, Tooele Outreach Office, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. April 18, 1998.


EG&G. (Edgerton, Germerhausen and Grier Defense Materials, Inc.) 1994. CEMS Monitoring Plan. May 1994. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1995. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System (DFS). November 20, 1995. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1996a. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for Liquid Incinerator 2 (LIC-2). March 20, 1996. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1996b. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for the Metal Parts Furnace (MPF). MPF-STB. July 1996. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1997a. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Liquid Incinerator System #1. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, July 7, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1997b. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Liquid Incinerator System #2 (LIC/GB). Prepared for Southern Research Institute, October 27, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1997c. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Metal Parts Furnace [MPF/GB]. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, August 15, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1997d. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), DFS TSCA Demonstration Test Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System [DFS/GB]. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, April 24, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EG&G. 1998. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System (DFS/GB). Prepared for Southern Research Institute, January 14, 1998. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste (SW-846). Final Updates I, II, IIA, IIB, and III. November 1986; revised May 1997. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.

EPA. 1998. Human Health Medium-Specific Screening Levels. EPA Region VI. October 8, 1998. Web Site: http://www.epa.gov.earth1r6/6pd/rcra_c/pd_n/screen.htm.

EPA. 1999. Final Technical Support Document for HWC MACT Standards Vol. 3: Selection of MACT Standards and Technologies. July 1999. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency.

Evans, M. 1998a. Verbal communication from Mark Evans, Chief, Operations Team, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Stockpile Disposal, to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, September 24, 1998.

Evans, M. 1998b. TOCDF safety metrics memoranda from Mark Evans, Chief, Operations Team, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Stockpile Disposal, to Donald Siebenaler, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, November 17, 1998 and March 26, 1999.


FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and Department of the Army. 1994. Planning Guidance for the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization.


GAO (General Accounting Office). 1993. Chemical Weapons Storage: Communities Are Not Prepared to Respond to Emergencies. GAO/T-NSIAD-93-18. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.

GAO. 1994. Chemical Weapon Stockpile: Army's Emergency Preparedness Program Has Been Slow to Achieve Results. GAO/NSIAD-94-91. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.

GAO. 1995a. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Review. GAO/NSIAD-95-66R. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.

GAO. 1995b. Chemical Weapons: Army's Emergency Preparedness Program Has Financial Management Weaknesses Letter Report. GAO/NSIAD-95-94. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.

GAO. 1995c. Chemical Weapons Disposal: Issues Related to DOD's Management. Testimony. GAO/T-NSIAD-95-185. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.



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Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations References AMH Consulting. 1996. Report of the EG&G Sponsored Safety Review Team's Review of the Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility (TOCDF). December 20, 1996. Arlington, Va.: AMH Consulting. Amirav, A., and H. Jing. 1996. Pulsed Flame Photometer for Gas Chromatography. Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. April 1996, unpublished. Arthur Anderson. 1998. A Schedule Risk Assessment of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Project. Arthur Andersen LLP (October 1998). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Campbell, C. 1998. Interview with Craig Campbell, Tooele Outreach Office, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. April 18, 1998. EG&G. (Edgerton, Germerhausen and Grier Defense Materials, Inc.) 1994. CEMS Monitoring Plan. May 1994. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1995. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System (DFS). November 20, 1995. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1996a. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for Liquid Incinerator 2 (LIC-2). March 20, 1996. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1996b. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF) Surrogate Trial Burn Report for the Metal Parts Furnace (MPF). MPF-STB. July 1996. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1997a. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Liquid Incinerator System #1. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, July 7, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1997b. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Liquid Incinerator System #2 (LIC/GB). Prepared for Southern Research Institute, October 27, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1997c. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Metal Parts Furnace [MPF/GB]. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, August 15, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1997d. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), DFS TSCA Demonstration Test Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System [DFS/GB]. Prepared for Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, April 24, 1997. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EG&G. 1998. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (TOCDF), RCRA Agent Trial Burn Report for the Deactivation Furnace System (DFS/GB). Prepared for Southern Research Institute, January 14, 1998. Tooele, Utah: EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 1997. Test Methods for Evaluating Solid Waste (SW-846). Final Updates I, II, IIA, IIB, and III. November 1986; revised May 1997. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. EPA. 1998. Human Health Medium-Specific Screening Levels. EPA Region VI. October 8, 1998. Web Site: http://www.epa.gov.earth1r6/6pd/rcra_c/pd_n/screen.htm. EPA. 1999. Final Technical Support Document for HWC MACT Standards Vol. 3: Selection of MACT Standards and Technologies. July 1999. Washington, D.C.: Environmental Protection Agency. Evans, M. 1998a. Verbal communication from Mark Evans, Chief, Operations Team, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Stockpile Disposal, to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, September 24, 1998. Evans, M. 1998b. TOCDF safety metrics memoranda from Mark Evans, Chief, Operations Team, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Stockpile Disposal, to Donald Siebenaler, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, November 17, 1998 and March 26, 1999. FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and Department of the Army. 1994. Planning Guidance for the Chemical Stockpile Emergency Preparedness Program . Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. GAO (General Accounting Office). 1993. Chemical Weapons Storage: Communities Are Not Prepared to Respond to Emergencies. GAO/T-NSIAD-93-18. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. GAO. 1994. Chemical Weapon Stockpile: Army's Emergency Preparedness Program Has Been Slow to Achieve Results. GAO/NSIAD-94-91. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. GAO. 1995a. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Review. GAO/NSIAD-95-66R. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. GAO. 1995b. Chemical Weapons: Army's Emergency Preparedness Program Has Financial Management Weaknesses Letter Report. GAO/NSIAD-95-94. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. GAO. 1995c. Chemical Weapons Disposal: Issues Related to DOD's Management. Testimony. GAO/T-NSIAD-95-185. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office.

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Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations GAO. 1996. Chemical Weapons Stockpile: Emergency Preparedness in Alabama Is Hampered by Management Weaknesses Letter Report. GAO/NSIAD-96-150. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. GAO. 1997. Chemical Weapons Stockpile: Changes Needed in the Management of the Emergency Preparedness Program Letter Report. GAO/NSIAD-97-91. Washington, D.C.: General Accounting Office. Holmes, R. 1998a. PAS ACAMS alarm data. E-mail memorandum from Richard Holmes, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, to Donald Siebenaler, Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, December 22, 1998. Holmes, R. 1998b. Personal communication from Richard Holmes, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, to members of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. February 26, 1998. Holmes, R. 1998c. Status of Actions to Address Committee Recommendations. Briefing to the Committee on the Review and Evaluation of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Salt Lake City, Utah, February 26, 1998. Holmes, R. 1999. Memorandum from Richard Holmes, Office of the Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization, to Donald Siebenaler, Committee on the Review and Evaluation of the Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, on results of DFS TSCA trial burn conducted on November 17–18, 1998. January 4, 1999. IHI. 1997. An Evaluation of Safety and Management of the Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility (September 25, 1997). Commissioned by the Utah Citizens Advisory Commission on Chemical Weapons Demilitarization. Salt Lake City, Utah: IHI Environmental or Ralston Consulting Group. IOM (Institute of Medicine) 1993. Veterans at Risk: The Health Effects of Mustard and Lewisite. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Leffingwell, S. 1993. Personal communication from S. Leffingwell, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, Georgia, to the National Research Council Committee on Alternative Chemical Demilitarization Technologies, April 22, 1993. NRC (National Research Council). 1984. Disposal of Chemical Munitions and Agents. Committee on Demilitarizing Chemical Munitions and Agents, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1993. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part I (July 1993). Letter report to the Assistant Secretary of the Army . Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1994a. Recommendations for the Disposal of Chemical Agents and Munitions (February 1994). Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1994b. Evaluation of the Johnston Atoll Chemical Agent Disposal System Operational Verification Testing: Part II (April 1994). Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1994c. Review of Monitoring Activities within the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program (April 1994). Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996a. Review of Systemization of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1996b. Public Involvement and the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. NRC. 1997. Risk Assessment and Management at Deseret Chemical Depot and the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press . NRC. 1999. Carbon Filtration for Reducing Emissions from Chemical Agent Incineration. Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Board on Army Science and Technology. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. OTA (Office of Technology Assessment. 1992. Disposal of Chemical Weapons: An Analysis of Alternatives to Incineration. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office. Sagers, K. 1997. Interview with Kari Sagers, Office of Emergency Management, Tooele County, Utah, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. July 14, 1997. Sagers, K. 1998a. Interview with Kari Sagers, Office of Emergency Management, Tooele County, Utah, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, April 17, 1998. Sagers, K. 1998b. Telephone interview with Kari Sagers, Office of Emergency Management, Tooele County, Utah, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. December 27, 1998. Sagers, K. 1998c. Telephone interview with Kari Sagers, Office of Emergency Management, Tooele County, Utah, by Alvin Mushkatel, member of the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program. December 30, 1998. Smithson, A.E. 1993. The Chemical Weapons Convention Handbook. Washington, D.C.: The Henry L. Stimson Center. Stedman, D.H., and S.E. McLaren. 1996. Detection of Chemical Agents by Open-Path FTIR Spectroscopy. September 1996, unpublished. U.S. Army. 1988. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (FPEIS). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army. 1994a. Courtesy Chemical Surety Inspection—Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility (6 September 1994). Washington, D.C.: Office of the Inspector General. U.S. Army. 1994b. Safety Evaluation Report (22 November 1994). Washington, D.C.: Army Safety Office.

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Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations U.S. Army. 1994c. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility—Report on Design-Related Safety Issues and Evaluation of Construction Conformance with Design (9 December 1994). Huntsville, Ala.: U.S. Army Engineer Division. U.S. Army. 1996a. Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Quantitative Risk Assessment. SAIC-96/2600. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1996b. Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Risk Management Program Requirements. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997a. A Guide to Risk Management Policy and Activities. May 1997. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997b. United States Army Safety Evaluation of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. November 25, 1996–December 20, 1996. Prepared by Brigadier General Thomas J. Konitzer, Director of Army Safety, et al. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization . U.S. Army. 1997c. Joint PM-SCD/EG&G Management Assessment Team Review of the Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility. May 13–21, 1997. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1997d. TOCDF Safety Culture Plan (March 18, 1997). Prepared by EG&G Defense Materials, Inc. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998a. The Change Management Process to Accompany the Guide to Risk Management Policy and Activities. May 1998. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998b. Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization Overarching Public Involvement Strategy. Prepared by Booz Allen & Hamilton. September 1998. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998c. Public Involvement Strategy for the CSDP. Prepared by Booz Allen & Hamilton. September 1998. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998d. Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility Public Involvement Implementation Plan. Prepared by Booz Allen & Hamilton. September 1998. Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998e. Public Involvement: One Year Closer to the Goal (1997). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. U.S. Army. 1998f. PMCD POIO Stakeholder Survey and Tracking System: An Overview. PMCD Public Involvement Background Information (December 17, 1998). Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.: U.S. Army Program Manager for Chemical Demilitarization. Utah DSHW (Division of Solid and Hazardous Waste). 1996. Tooele Chemical Demilitarization Facility Screening Risk Assessment. EPA I.D. No. UT5210090002. Salt Lake City, Utah: Department of Environmental Quality. Williams 1998. PMCD Stakeholder Survey. Briefing by Bryan Williams, PMCD public involvement contractor, to the Committee on Review and Evaluation of the Army Chemical Stockpile Disposal Program, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, June 25, 1998.

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Tooele Chemical Agent Disposal Facility: Update on National Research Council Recommendations Appendices

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