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knowledge, tools, and prototype systems. It can take several years to create awareness about safety and build interest. The growth in funding recognizes that initial funding should be at a lower, but sufficient, level to begin work in the area, but should grow over time as the efforts evolve and expand.

References

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3. Miller, C.O., "System Safety," in Human Factors in Aviation, eds., Earl L. Wiener, David C. Nagel, San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc., 1988.

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11. NPSF News Brief, No. 6, March 22, 1999, The National Patient Safety Foundation at the AMA. http://www.ama-assn.org/med-sci/npsf/news/03_22_99.htm.

12. Quality First: Better Health Care for All Americans, The President's Advisory Commission on Consumer Protection and Quality in the Health Care Industry. Final Report, Washington, D.C., March 1998.

13. Request for Proposals for Research in Patient Safety, The National Patient Safety Foundation at the AMA. http://www.ama-assn.org/med-sci/npsf/focus.htm, January 1999.

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15. Kenneth W. Kizer, presentation at National Health Policy Forum, May 14, 1999, Washington, D.C.

16. Institute of Medicine, Scientific Opportunities and Public Needs. Improving Priority Setting and Public Input at the National Institutes of Health. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1998.

17. "Fiscal Year 2000 President's Budget request for the National Institute on Deaf-



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