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Part 3 Human Rights and Human Survival INTRODUCTION EVancis [~ After hearing these accounts of monstrous violations of human rights and human freedom, we turn to the shadow of thermonuclear war and ask the question, Is there a conflict between the struggle for human rights and the search for lasting peace? Surely not. Surely a stable, peaceful world requires an absence of paranoia, it requires trust, a sharing of values that must include a universal respect for human rights. In that respect for human rights, would include the positive rights that Dr. Kates so eloquently argued for. Not only is there no contradiction between these two goals (the struggle for human rights and the search for peace), but they are inextricably bound together. One is not possible without the other, and we must fight for them both. The question is, of course, how we get from here to there. The panelists, ~ think, will address that. Dr. OrIov will speak first. Then there will be three discussants. The first should have been Professor Victor Weisskopf, who, unfortu- nately, was unable to come. ~ have his prepared manuscript and will read it. Professor Weisskopf is institute professor emeritus at MIT, has a list of honors too long to go into-and he is my father. (Laughter) Next wiD be Paul Doty, who is the MallinckroUt Professor of Biochemistry and director emeritus of the Center for Science and 61