and in Asia. A direct ramification of this is that the United States is now behind the rest of the world in being able to access newly available technology.

Smaller-scale facilities lack the visibility of large-scale facilities or the broad recognition of importance that principal investigator research enjoys. This leads to concerns that such facilities will increasingly be caught in a budget squeeze between the two ends of the funding spectrum. It is critical to realize the important role that smaller-scale facilities play—reports of microcharacterization appear in 30 percent of recently published materials physics articles and in 45 percent of materials chemistry articles. Facilities offer the ability to maintain and operate such capabilities efficiently. They also offer access to expert advice on the techniques, educational opportunities, and centers for technique development. The face of materials research would be unimaginably different without adequately supported facilities of this kind.



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