Cognitive (General)





Consistent with sound child development practices; minimum of 10 hrs/wk of child participation in center activities; foster intellectual growth; expose children to new ideas concepts and experiences

Language skills curriculum by local decision

Meet unique local community needs; cultural and ethnic pride; appropriate environment for emotional and social growth

the 31 states’ standards varied across these domains: (1) motor development, (2) health, safety, and nutrition, (3) general cognitive development, (4) numeracy, (5) language, (6) social-emotional, and (7) aesthetics.

Generally speaking, state preschool programs followed one of three overarching frameworks for their guidelines. One group of three states (Delaware, Ohio, and Oregon) reported that they adopted Head Start standards and require that all state-funded preschool programs adhere to those guidelines. A second group of states (Massachusetts2 and Nebraska) adopted National Association for the Education of Young Children guidelines.

The third group, consisting of the remaining 26 state-funded preschool education programs, developed and implemented their own standards. Although many of these individualized standards are based on Head Start or NAEYC guidelines (in some cases these guidelines are recommended but not required), each


In Massachusetts, all programs must be NAEYC accredited. In addition, programs located in public schools must meet state standards.

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