TABLE 3–1 Percentage Distribution of First-Time Kindergartners by Print Familiarity Scores, by Child and Family Characteristics: Fall 1998

Characteristic

0 Skills

1 Skill

2 Skills

3 Skills

Total

18

21

24

37

Child’s Sex

Male

20

20

23

37

Female

17

21

25

38

Child’s Age at Entry

Born Jan.-Aug. 1992

11

17

22

50

Born Sep.-Dec. 1992

13

18

24

45

Born Jan.-Apr. 1993

17

20

24

38

Born May-Aug. 1993

22

22

24

32

Born Sep.-Dec. 1993

27

25

22

26

Mother’s Education

Less than high school

32

28

24

17

High school diploma or equivalent

23

23

24

30

Some college, including vocational/technical

17

20

24

39

Bachelor’s degree or higher

8

14

23

56

Family Type

Single mother

26

24

24

25

Single father

22

25

24

29

Two parent

16

19

24

41

Welfare Receipt

Utilized AFDC

32

27

22

19

Never utilized AFDC

17

19

24

40

Primary Language Spoken in Home

Non-English

26

22

24

28

English

18

20

24

38

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic

14

18

24

45

Black, non-Hispanic

29

26

24

21

Asian

15

19

22

43

Hispanic

24

23

26

27

Hawaiian Native/Pacific Islander

30

27

19

23

American Indian/Alaska Native

38

27

18

17

More than one race, non-Hispanic

18

23

24

35



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