TABLE 3–2 Percentage of First-Time Kindergartners Passing Each Reading Proficiency Level, by Child and Family Characteristics: Fall 1998

Characteristic

Letter Recognition

Beginning Sounds

Ending Sounds

Sight Words

Words in Context

Total

66

29

17

2

1

Child’s Sex

Male

62

26

15

3

1

Female

70

32

19

2

1

Child’s Age at Entry

Born Jan.-Aug. 1992

76

38

24

5

2

Born Sep.-Dec. 1992

73

36

22

4

2

Born Jan.-Apr. 1993

67

31

17

2

1

Born May-Aug. 1993

60

23

13

1

1

Born Sep.-Dec. 1993

56

20

11

1

1

Mother’s Education

Less than high school

38

9

4

*

*

High school diploma or equivalent

57

20

11

1

*

Some college, including vocational/technical

69

30

17

2

1

Bachelor’s degree or higher

86

50

32

6

2

Family Type

Single mother

53

18

10

1

*

Single father

58

21

11

2

1

Two parent

70

33

19

3

1

Welfare Receipt

Utilized AFDC

41

11

5

1

*

Never utilized AFDC

69

31

18

4

1

Primary Language Spoken in Home

Non-English

49

20

12

3

2

English

67

30

17

2

1

Child’s race/ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic

73

34

20

3

1

Black, non-Hispanic

55

19

10

1

*

Asian

79

43

29

9

5



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