TABLE 3–6 Percentage of First-Time Kindergartners Passing Each Mathematics Proficiency Level, by Child and Family Characteristics: Fall 1998

Characteristic

Number and Shape

Relative Size

Ordinal Sequence

Add/ Subtract

Multiply/ Divide

Total

94

58

20

4

*

Child’s Sex

Male

93

57

21

5

1

Female

95

59

20

4

*

Child’s Age at Entry

Born Jan.-Aug. 1992

97

74

37

10

2

Born Sep.-Dec. 1992

96

67

29

7

1

Born Jan.-Apr. 1993

95

60

21

4

*

Born May-Aug. 1993

92

51

14

2

*

Born Sep.-Dec. 1993

89

42

10

2

*

Mother’s Education

Less than high school

84

32

6

1

*

High school diploma or equivalent

92

50

13

2

*

Some college, including vocational/technical

96

61

20

4

*

Bachelor’s degree or higher

99

79

37

9

1

Family Type

Single mother

90

44

11

2

*

Single father

91

51

16

3

*

Two parent

95

63

23

5

*

Welfare Receipt

Utilized AFDC

85

33

6

1

*

Never utilized AFDC

95

61

22

5

1

Primary Language Spoken in Home

Non-English

89

45

13

3

*

English

94

59

21

4

*

Child’s Race/Ethnicity

White, non-Hispanic

96

66

26

5

*

Black, non-Hispanic

90

42

9

1

*



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