TABLE 5-2 Interventions in the Juvenile Justice System: Evaluations of Diversion Programs

Intervention

Evaluation Type

Number of subjects at follow-up

Program components

Adams County Juvenile Diversion Program (Pogrebin et al., 1984)

Random assignment

N = 560 cases

Individual, parent, and family counseling, referrals to other services as needed

Diversion of Status Offenders Project (Rojek and Erickson, 1982)

Quasiexperimental

N(diverted) = 766

N(comparison1) = 508

N(comparison2) = 375

Diversion without treatment; diversion with referral to community agency (various treatments)

Connecticut's Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders Project (Rausch, 1983)

Quasi-experimental

N(community, minimum) = 18

N(court, minimum) = 94

N(community, maximum) = 47

N(comparison) = 201

Minimum intervention = short term crisis counseling by either community agency or probation officers; Maximum intervention = full assessments and referral to appropriate community agencies

Mediation (Umbreit and Coates, 1993)

Quasiexperimental

N(mediation, victims) = 280

N(mediation, offenders) = 252

N(comparison 1, victims) = 103

N(comparison 1, offenders) = 95

N(comparison 2, victims) = 107

N(comparison 2, offenders) = 111

Victim-Offender Mediation



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