TABLE 1-1 International Comparisons of Juvenile Justice Systems

Country

Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility

Age of Adult Criminal Responsibility

Court That Handles Juveniles

Australia

10a

16-17b

Children's courts, which are part of the criminal justice system and deal with juveniles charged with a crime

Austria

14

19

Special sections in local and regional courts; youth courts

Belgium

16-18

18

Special juvenile courts

Denmark

15

18

No juvenile court

England and Wales

10

18

Youth courts

France

13 (unofficial)

18

Children's tribunals; youth courts of assizes

Germany

14

18

Single sitting judge; juvenile court; juvenile chamber

Hungary

14

18

Special sections of regular courts

Italy

14

18

Separate juvenile courts

Japan

14

20

Family courts

The Netherlands

12

18

Special juvenile courts

New Zealand

14; 10 for murder and manslaughter

18

Youth courts

Russia

16; 14 for certain crimes

18

No juvenile court

Sweden

15

18

No juvenile court

Switzerland

7

18

Special juvenile courts and/or juvenile prosecutors



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