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informatics. Dr. Shortliffe is a member of the American Society for Clinical Investigation, the American Association of Physicians, and the American Clinical and Climatological Association. He has also been elected to fellowship in the American College of Medical Informatics and the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. He sits on the editorial boards of several medical computing and artificial intelligence publications. In addition, he received the Grace Murray Hopper Award of the Association for Computing Machinery in 1976 and has been a Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation Faculty Scholar in General Internal Medicine. Dr. Shortliffe has authored over 180 articles and books in the fields of medical computing and artificial intelligence. Volumes include Computer-Based Medical Consultations: MYCIN (Elsevier/North-Holland, 1976), Readings in Medical Artificial Intelligence: the First Decade (with W.J. Clancey; Addison-Wesley, 1984), Rule-Based Expert Systems: The MYCIN Experiments of the Stanford Heuristic Programming Project (with B.G. Buchanan; Addison-Wesley, 1984), and Medical Informatics: Computer Applications in Health Care and Biomedicine (with L.E. Perreault, G. Wiederhold, and L.M. Fagan; Addison-Wesley, 1990; 2nd ed., Springer-Verlag, Spring 2000).

Russ Biagio Altman is associate professor of medicine (and computer science by courtesy) at Stanford University. His primary research interests are in the application of computing technology to basic molecular biological problems of relevance to medicine. He is currently developing techniques for collaborative scientific computation over the Internet, including novel user interfaces to biological data. Other work focuses on the analysis of functional microenvironments within macromolecules and the application of nonlinear optimization algorithms for determining the structure and function of biological macromolecules, particularly the bacterial ribosome. He is on the executive committee (as Molecular Science Thrust leader) for the National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (NPACI), the NSF-sponsored program at the San Diego Supercomputer Center. Dr. Altman holds an M.D. from Stanford Medical School, a Ph.D. in medical information sciences from Stanford, and an A.B. from Harvard College. He has been the recipient of the U.S. Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, a National Science Foundation CAREER Award, and the Western Society of Clinical Investigation Annual Young Investigator Award. He is a fellow of the American College of Physicians and the American College of Medical Informatics.

Patricia Flatley Brennan is Moehlman Bascom Professor at the School of Nursing and College of Engineering at the University of Wisconsin. Dr. Brennan's research is in the area of nursing informatics and examinescontinue



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