Page 346

B

Backbone networks, 11, 41, 42, 49, 50, 78, 134, 135-137, 140, 253, 284, 299, 331

Very high performance Backbone Network Service (vBNS), 49, 51, 115, 116, 284, 294, 299

Balanced Budget Acts, 92, 219, 220-221, 224

Bandwidth, ix, 6, 9, 11-12, 39, 41, 51, 123, 132-134, 240, 244-245, 252-253, 289, 305

cable modems, 12, 18, 34, 39, 40, 49, 67, 132, 163-166

costs of increases, 135, 166-167, 209

defined, 10, 39

digital subscriber line services, 132, 164, 165, 166

for administrative and financial applications, 93

for biomedical research, 110, 111, 121-122, 123, 240-241

for clinical care, 72-73, 75, 77-79, 82-83, 87, 88

for consumer health applications, 61, 65, 67-68, 69, 71, 280

for e-mail between patients and providers, 63

for emergency care, 133

for home care, 67-68, 71, 267

for images, 73-74, 77-79, 80, 123, 134, 136, 162, 164, 240, 244, 272, 288-289, 301-302

for patient records, 65, 82-83, 320-321

for professional education, 104, 105, 107, 123, 126, 240, 281, 282, 290-291, 297-298

for public health, 100

for video and teleconferencing, 11, 73-74, 100, 132-133, 240, 244, 290

integrated services digital networks (ISDN), 74, 287, 288, 289, 290, 304

local loops, 61, 162-167

National Health Alert Network, 99-100

Next Generation Internet, 16, 49, 250-251

overprovisioning, 137, 138-139

private networks, 43

reconfigurable, 18, 164, 253

satellite telecommunications, 166-167

Very high performance Backbone Network Service (vBNS), 49, 51, 115, 116, 284, 294, 299

Biomedical research, ix, 1, 2, 3, 5, 16, 57, 108-123, 255, 306-307, 319

bandwidth needed, 110, 111, 121-122, 123, 240-241

clinical trials, 55(n.2), 120-121, 328

collaborative research, 118-120

data access controls and, 110-111, 122, 159, 316

databases, 109-112, 240-241, 295-298, 331-332

Digital Anatomist, 307-309

MEDLARS, 33, 55 (n. 5), 135

MEDLINE, 3, 33, 37, 55 (n. 5), 103-104, 109, 110, 215, 295, 301, 307

pathology image data system, 314-315

private sector, 109-110

digital images, 211, 245-246

expert systems, 227, 228-229

patient records, 65, 169, 173-174

publication of results, 116-118, 215-217, 238; see also Intellectual property; MEDLARS; MEDLINE

remotely controlled equipment, 5, 113-116, 240

simulations, 112-113, 118, 320

technical requirements, 6, 8, 108-123, 159, 240-241, 255

Biomedical Teleimmersion, 316, 325

Biometric authentication, 18, 55 (n. 13), 279

Blue Cross/Blue Shield, 89

Breast cancer, 55 (n. 12)

telemammography, 48, 78, 79, 142-143, 236, 244, 272-273, 324, 332-333

Bureau of the Census, 172-173

C

Cable modem technologies, 12, 18, 34, 39, 40, 49, 67, 132, 163-166

Cancer, 55 (n. 12), 62, 300-301, 305-306, 322, 325-326, 328-329

National Cancer Institute, 120-121, 273, 300-301, 305, 322, 324, 325-326

telemammography, 48, 78, 79, 142-143, 236, 244, 272-273, 324, 332-333

Cardiology, 30, 66-67, 73, 74, 128, 158, 266, 272, 273, 275, 280, 285, 286, 287-288, 289, 291, 302, 304, 327-328

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 95, 96, 99-100, 225, 264, 312-313break



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