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A Committee Biographies ~ Arthur N. Popper earned his Ph.D. in biology from the City University of New York in 1969. His research interests include vertebrate hearing; structure, func- tion, and evolution of the ear; development of ear and particularly of sensory hair cells; plasticity in the vertebrate auditory system; and innervation of the ear. Dr. Popper has been a professor in the Department of Biology at the University of Maryland, College Park, since 1987. Harry A. DeFerrari earned his Ph.D. from Catholic University of America in 1966. His research has been in the area of ocean acoustics and sound propaga- tion. Dr. DeFerrari has been a professor at the University of Miami' s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences since 1967. William F. Dolphin earned his Ph.D. in biology from Boston University in 1988. His research interests include auditory physiology and information processing, sensory biophysics, and biosonar. Dr. Dolphin has been a research assistant professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering and the Department of Biology at Boston University since 1991. Peggy L. Edds-Walton earned her Ph.D. in zoology from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 1994. Her research interests include vocalizations and behavior of baleen whales and auditory processing in fish. Dr. Edds-Walton is currently a research associate at the Parmly Hearing Institute and a summer scientist at the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts. 101
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102 APPENDIX A Gordon M. Greve earned his Ph.D. in geophysics from Stanford University in 1962. He began working for Amoco Production Company (now BP-Amoco) in 1960 and was Manager of Geophysical Research from 1980 to 1986, when he became Manager of Geophysics. Dr. Greve has been a consultant specializing in geophysical methods applied to petroleum exploration since retiring from Amoco in 1994. Dennis McFadden earned his Ph.D. in sensory psychology from Indiana Univer- sity in 1967. His research interests include sex and ear differences in hearing and temporary hearing loss induced by drugs and by exposure to intense sounds. Dr. McFadden has been a faculty member in the Department of Psychology at the University of Texas, Austin, since 1967, and is currently an Ashbel Smith Professor. Peter B. Rhines earned his Ph.D. from Trinity College, Cambridge University, in England in 1967. His research interests include circulation of the oceans; waves, eddies and currents; and climate and transport of natural and artificial trace chemicals in the seas. Dr. Rhines has been a professor of oceanography and atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington since 1984. Sam H. Ridgway earned his Ph.D. from University College (now Wolfson College), Cambridge University, in 1973. He received a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine Degree (DVM) from Texas A&M University in 1960. His research interests include marine mammal physiology (especially diving and hearing), dolphin neurobiology, and aquatic animal medicine. Dr. Ridgway has been with the U.S. Navy Marine Mammal Program since 1962. Robert M. Seyfarth earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1976. His research interests include auditory mechanisms and acoustic behavior of nonmarine mammals. Dr. Seyfarth has been a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Pennsylvania since 1985. Sharon L. Smith earned her Ph.D. in zoology from Duke University in 1975. Her research interests include ecology of zooplankton, herbivorous crustaceans, food chain dynamics, and biochemical cycling in productive areas of the ocean. Dr. Smith has been a professor at the University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences since 1993, before which she worked at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. Peter L. Tyack earned his Ph.D. in animal behavior from Rockefeller University in 1982. His research interests include cetacean social behavior and vocaliza- tions. Dr. Tyack has been a senior scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution since 1999.
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