Program Announcement (PA):
A public announcement describing the goals and scope of a proposed scientific project awaiting approval from a specific scientific organization.
Antibiotics that are administered before evidence of infection with the intention of warding off disease.
Public Health Service Act of 1944:
An act to consolidate and revise the laws relating to the U.S. Public Health Service.
Requests for Applications (RFA):
A public announcement from a scientific organization requesting applications from qualified people to perform a specific research assignment.
The presence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in blood or other tissues.
Staff model HMO (health maintenance organization):
An HMO in which practitioners are salaried employees of the HMO. The practitioners may also receive a bonus or other incentive income based on the performance of the HMO.
Used in this workshop summary to refer to data collection and record-keeping to track the emergence and spread of disease-causing organisms such as antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
The aspect of inpatient care dealing with illnesses or conditions requiring specialized techniques, such as coronary artery bypass surgery, renal hemodialysis, and treatment of severe burns.
A preparation of living, attenuated, or killed bacteria or viruses, fractions thereof, or synthesized or recombinant antigens identical or similar to those found in the disease-causing organisms that is administered to raise immunity to a particular microorganism.
Zoonotic disease or infection:
An infection or infectious disease that may be transmitted from vertebrate animals (such as rodents) to humans.
Definitions for this glossary were compiled from the following sources:
Academic Health Centers in the Managed Care Environment. 1995. Korn D., C.J. McLaughlin, M. Osterweis, Eds. Washington, D.C.: Association of Academic Health Centers.
Agency for Health Care Policy and Research (date of last update: November 4, 1998). Available at http://www.ahcpr.gov/.
American Academy of Family Physicians (date of last update: July 23, 1998). Available at http://www.aafp.org/.
American Academy of Pediatrics (date of last update: March 26, 1999). Available at http://www.aap.org/.