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x Philosophy Programs In this chapter 77 research-doctorate programs in philosophy are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 1,395 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 91 percent of the aggregate number of philosophy doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span. On the average, 29 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December i980, with an average faculty size of 14 members. 2 Only three of the programs were initiated since 1970; and only the University of Pittsburgh had more than one program included in the assessment in this discipline. In addition to the 76 institutions represented in this discipline, another 7 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: Brandeis University New York University Rockefeller University Southern Baptist Theological Seminary--Kentucky SUNY at Binghamton Duquesne University U.S. International University The latter two institutions chose not to participate in the assessment in any discipline. Philosophy programs at the other five institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in Data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 1,531 research doctorates in philosophy were awarded by U.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 10.2. 3 As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 6 doctorates in philosophy during the FY1976-78 period. 145

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146 case Add. each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time have a research-doctorate program in philosophy or failed to provide the information requested by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 10.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 12 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 10.2. For seven of the measures, data are reported for at least 76 of the 77 philosophy programs. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for approximately three-fourths of the programs; the other fourth had too few graduates on which to =-~^ by-" ~" -a 4 For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data are available for 64 programs. The programs not evaluated on measure 12 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other philosophy programs. Were data on this measure available for all 77 programs, it is likely that the reported mean would be appreciably lower (and that some of the correlations of this measure with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 12 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 10.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the fraction of program graduates intend- ing to take positions in Ph.D.-granting institutions (measure 07) with reputational survey ratings (08, 09~. Figure 10.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 77 programs in philosophy. Figure 10.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 10.4 describes the 157 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of philosophy programs. These individuals constituted 68 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 14 percent of the faculty population in the 77 research-doctorate programs being evaluated.5 Approximately one-fourth of the survey participants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and a majority were full professors. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 77 philosophy programs (and are given in Table 10.1~. For each program the mean rating and an associ- ated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in . _ . 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. s see Table 2.3 in Chapter II.

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147 Figure 10.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses. 6 See pp. 28-30 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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148 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy Characteristics of Prog Prouram Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Arizona, University of-Tucson 15 7 23 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 52 39 46 002. Boston College 19 31 47 .11 7.2 .47 .17 Philosophy 60 63 62 38 54 45 45 003. Boston University 20 33 46 .22 7.8 .53 .22 Philosophy 62 65 61 46 51 48 49 004. Brown University 12 20 32 .15 5.2 .40 .10 Phil osophy 46 52 52 41 66 41 41 005. Bryn Mawr College 7 9 12 NA NA NA NA Philosophy 36 41 39 006. CUNY-Graduate School 18 34 48 .03 8.9 .41 .24 Phil osophy 5 8 66 63 33 44 41 50 007. California, University of-Berkeley 21 33 35 .22 7.8 .74 .52 Phil osophy 64 65 54 46 50 60 66 008. California, University of-Irvine 13 11 22 .42 8.8 .33 .08 Philoso~iby 48 43 46 60 44 37 40 009. California, University of-Los Angeles 18 24 51 .35 9.0 .43 .29 Philosophy 58 56 65 55 43 42 52 010. California, University of-Riverside 6 8 4 NA NA NA NA Philosophy* 34 40 34 011. California, University of-San Diego 13 8 31 NA NA NA NA Philosophy 48 40 52 012. California, University of-Santa Barbara 11 12 20 .25 7.1 .50 .25 Philosophy 44 44 44 48 55 46 50 013. Catholic University of America 18 19 22 .09 14.5 .90 .00 Philosophy 58 51 46 37 9 69 36 014. Chicago, University of 18 27 32 .29 7.6 .47 .18 Phil osophy 5 8 59 52 51 52 45 46 015. Cincinnati, University of 14 4 10 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 50 36 3 8 016. Claremont Graduate School 13 10 36 .55 10.7 .50 .00 Phil osophy 48 42 55 69 33 46 36 017. Colorado, University of 26 13 27 .23 10.8 .33 .08 Philosophy 74 45 49 47 32 37 40 018. Columbia University 14 26 96 .25 8.9 .50 .25 Phil osophy 50 58 94 48 43 46 50 019. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 10 8 11 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 42 40 39 020. Cornell University-Ithaca 13 25 17 .20 6.4 .68 .36 Philosophy 48 57 42 45 59 56 57 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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149 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 3.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 0.9 .08 .09 .07 .06 61 55 71 63 56 002. 1.6 1.3 0.9 0.4 NA .18 .15 .11 .06 40 47 45 33 003. 3.2 1.8 1.2 1.5 -0.4 .10 .09 .05 .05 56 56 56 62 44 004. 3.6 2.1 1 0 1.6 -1.1 .08 .06 .04 .06 60 62 48 63 37 005. 1.5 1.0 0.9 0.7 NA .13 .12 .05 .06 40 41 44 40 006. 3.2 1.5 1.2 1.4 NA .08 .10 .07 .06 56 50 54 58 007. 4.5 2.3 1.3 1.7 2.2 .07 .07 .06 .06 69 65 58 66 69 008. 3.1 1.9 1.6 1.3 NA .08 .08 .07 .07 55 57 68 57 009. 4.4 2.3 1.2 1.7 2.0 .07 .07 .05 .06 68 66 55 65 67 010. 1.4 0.7 0.9 0.8 -1.0 .10 .10 .07 .06 38 36 44 44 37 011. 2.6 1.6 1.1 1.1 -0.0 .09 .08 .08 .06 50 52 52 50 47 012. 2.3 1.3 1.1 1.0 -0.1 .10 .10 .08 .07 47 46 52 48 46 013. 2.4 1.6 1.2 0.9 NA .15 .13 .06 .07 49 52 53 46 014. 4.3 2.2 1.5 1.7 0.9 .07 .07 .07 .05 67 63 64 67 56 015. 1.9 0.9 1.2 0.6 -0.2 .11 .12 .05 .06 43 39 53 40 45 016. 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.8 NA .11 .11 .04 .06 45 46 50 43 017. 1.9 1.1 0.9 0.7 -0.9 .11 .10 .06 .06 -44 43 45 41 39 018. 3.5 2.0 0.7 1.5 1.7 .09 .07 .06 .06 60 59 38 61 65 019. 1.8 1.0 1.1 0.8 -0.5 .11 .11 .06 .06 42 42 51 43 42 020. 3.8 2.2 0.8 1.6 1.6 .09 .08 .07 .06 62 63 40 63 63 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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150 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit Characteristics of Program Size Program Graduates (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. Depaul University 11 14 47 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 44 46 62 022. Duke University 9 5 15 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 40 3 7 41 023. Emory University 8 7 20 NA NA NA NA Philosophy ~ 38 39 44 024. Florida State University-Tallahassee Phil osophy 025. Fordham University Phil osophy 8 12 38 44 22 27 66 59 18 43 50 64 .36 7.8 56 50 .15 9.8 41 38 .69 .15 57 45 .46 44 .08 40 026. Georgetown University 18 18 50 .38 9.0 .50 .20 Philosophy 58 50 64 57 43 46 47 027 . Georgia, University of-Athens Phil osophy and Red igion * 028. Harvard University Phil osophy 029 . Hawaii, University of Phil osophy 030. Illinois, University of-Chicago Circle Phil osophy 031. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign Phil osophy 032. Indiana University-Bloomington Phil osophy 033. Iowa, University of-Iowa City Phil osophy 034. Johns Hopkins University Phil osoEjhy 035. Kansas, University of Phil osophy 8 9 38 41 13 33 48 65 14 13 50 45 17 10 56 42 17 12 56 44 8 12 38 44 5 18 32 50 13 13 48 45 10 38 28 .41 50 59 42 59 24 47 27 .09 49 37 13 36 45 55 15 .00 41 31 22 46 23 46 NA NA 7.5 52 NA NA NA NA NA NA .24 6.4 47 59 .46 9.0 63 43 NA .94 71 NA NA NA .56 68 NA NA 7.8 .40 .20 51 41 4 7 NA NA 5.7 .23 .00 64 31 36 .81 64 .39 40 .56 68 .00 36 036 . Marquette University 24 15 24 .40 9.8 .53 .00 Philosophy 70 47 47 59 38 48 36 037. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 13 12 25 .54 7.5 .69 .46 Linguistics and Philosophy 48 44 48 68 52 57 63 038. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 12 20 43 .25 5.5 .79 .50 Phil osophy 46 52 59 48 65 63 65 039 . Miami, University of-Florida 8 9 12 NA NA NA NA Philosophy 38 41 39 040. Michigan State University-East Lansing 24 12 21 .20 10.3 .53 .20 Philoso~iby 70 44 45 45 35 48 47 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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151 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 021. 1.2 0.7 NA 0.3 NA .15 .12 NA .05 36 35 32 022. 2.1 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.3 .10 .10 .08 .07 46 43 47 45 51 023. 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.8 -0.6 .12 .12 .06 .06 41 40 45 44 41 024. 2.2 1.2 1.9 1.0 -0.4 .12 .13 .04 .07 46 44 78 48 43 025. 2.3 1.4 1.1 0.6 NA .15 .13 .07 .07 47 49 53 39 026. 2.0 1.4 1.2 0.8 -0.6 .13 .11 .11 .07 45 48 55 44 41 027. 1.2 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.4 .10 .11 .10 .06 36 35 49 38 52 028. 4.7 2.5 0.7 1.8 3.0 .06 .06 .06 .04 72 70 37 70 77 029. 1.7 1.1 1.1 0.7 -0.1 .13 .14 .06 .07 41 42 52 41 46 030. 3.3 1.9 1.5 1.3 NA .08 .06 .07 .07 58 58 63 5 7 031. 2.7 1.6 0.8 1.1 2.0 .09 .08 .06 .07 51 52 40 50 67 032. 3.3 2.0 1.1 1.4 0.9 .08 .07 .04 .07 58 59 51 58 57 033. 2.3 1.5 0.6 0.8 0.3 .11 .10 .08 .07 4 7 51 35 45 50 034. 2.8 1.7 0.5 1.3 -0.4 .08 .08 .07 .07 52 54 32 56 43 035. 1.7 1.2 1.1 0.6 0.1 .12 .12 .06 .07 42 45 52 39 48 036. 1.6 1.1 1.1 0.4 NA .15 .15 .08 .06 40 43 50 33 037. 4.0 2.2 1.3 1.5 -0.3 .07 .06 .06 .06 64 63 58 62 44 038. 3.5 2.1 1.2 1.4 -0.7 .08 .07 .06 .07 60 62 53 60 40 039. 1.6 0.9 1.3 0.8 NA .11 .12 .09 .07 41 38 58 43 040. 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.3 .11 .11 .07 .06 43 44 41 41 51 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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152 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 041. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor 19 33 32 .43 7.4 .72 .39 Phil osophy 60 65 52 60 53 5 8 5 8 042. Minnesota, University of 17 15 33 .15 6.8 .90 .55 Philosophy 56 47 53 41 57 69 68 043. Missouri, University of-Columbia 9 5 9 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 40 3 7 3 7 044. Nebraska, University of-Lincoln 11 9 17 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 44 41 42 045. New School for Social Research 3 37 32 .21 10.6 .45 .16 Phil osophy 28 69 52 45 33 44 45 046. North Carolina, University of-Chapel Hill 15 17 26 .44 7.5 .61 .30 Philosophy 52 49 48 61 52 52 53 047. Northwestern University 11 28 27 .43 7.4 .55 .19 Phil osophy 44 60 49 61 53 49 47 048. Notre Dame, University of 13 32 57 .37 8.1 .74 .34 Philosophy 48 64 69 56 49 59 56 049. Ohio State University-Columbus 19 14 37 .14 6.2 .64 .43 Phil osophy 60 46 56 41 60 54 61 050. Oklahoma, University of-Norman 12 10 14 .10 8.5 .60 .10 Philosophy 46 42 40 38 46 52 41 051. Oregon, University of-Eugene 8 8 12 NA NA NA NA Philosophy 38 40 39 052. Pennsylvania State University 14 28 30 .23 7.1 .64 .46 Phil osophy 50 60 51 47 55 54 62 053. Pennsylvania, University of 13 26 25 .26 7.5 .64 .36 Philosophy 48 58 48 49 52 54 57 054. Pittsburgh, University of 15 7 21 .47 7.0 .71 .50 History and Philosophy of Science* 52 39 45 63 55 58 65 055. Pittsburgh, University of 19 26 45 .44 6.3 .88 .63 Phil osophy 60 5 8 61 61 59 67 72 056. Princeton University 18 41 26 .53 6.6 .89 .58 Philosophy 58 73 48 68 58 68 69 057. Purdue University-West Lafayette 15 14 12 .36 7.7 .36 .09 Phil osophy 52 46 39 56 51 39 41 058. Rice University 6 6 22 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 34 3 8 46 059. Rochester, University of 9 9 21 .09 5.7 .27 .18 Phil osophy 40 41 45 3 7 64 34 46 060. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick 25 3 36 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 72 35 55 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. GINA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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153 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 4.0 2.2 0.5 1.6 1.8 .08 .05 .08 .06 65 64 33 63 65 042. 3.0 1.8 0.9 1.2 1.2 .07 .05 .07 .07 55 57 44 53 59 043. 0.9 0.6 0.9 0.5 -0.2 .09 .11 .09 .06 33 33 45 35 45 044. 1.8 1.2 1.3 0.8 -0.5 .09 .11 .08 .07 42 44 58 45 42 04S. 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.7 NA .10 .09 .07 .07 30 32 22 41 046. 3.1 2.0 1.0 1.3 1.0 .07 .05 .07 .07 56 59 49 57 57 047. 2.5 1.4 1.1 1.2 0.3 .10 .10 .09 .06 50 49 50 54 50 048. 2.8 1.8 1.2 1.2 -1.3 .08 .08 .06 .06 52 55 55 54 34 049. 2.8 1.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 .08 .07 .05 .07 52 56 51 52 56 050. 1.4 0.7 1.3 0.6 -0.6 .11 .12 .09 .06 38 35 57 38 42 051. 1.3 0.7 0.8 0.5 -0.9 .12 .14 .09 .06 37 35 42 37 38 052. 2.2 1.4 1.0 0.9 0.7 .14 .12 .07 .07 47 48 47 45 54 053. 2.8 1.6 0.7 1.2 0.7 .09 .07 .08 .07 52 52 39 53 54 054. 4.4 2.3 1.3 1.7 0.1 .08 .07 .07 .06 68 66 58 66 48 055. 4.6 2.6 1.1 1.7 0.1 .07 .05 .05 .05 71 72 53 67 48 056. 4.7 2.7 1.0 1.8 0.9 .07 .06 .06 .05 71 73 48 68 56 057. 1.7 0.9 0.9 0.8 -0.5 .11 .09 .07 .06 42 40 46 43 42 058. 2.1 1.0 1.7 1.1 -1.4 .11 .10 .07 .07 45 40 70 52 33 059. 2.8 1.6 0.5 1.2 -0.6 .08 .06 .08 .07 52 53 31 55 41 060. 2.5 1.3 1.2 1.0 0.8 .08 .10 .09 .06 49 47 54 49 55 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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154 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 061. SUNY at Buffalo 22 35 44 .14 7.5 .60 .20 Phil osophy 66 6 7 60 41 52 52 4 7 062. Saint Louis University 18 17 30 .29 8.0 .59 .24 Phil osophy 5 8 49 51 51 49 51 49 063. Southern California, University of 11 17 15 .20 9.3 .46 .08 Phil osophy 44 49 41 45 41 44 40 064. Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 14 22 19 .14 7.7 .46 .09 Phil osophy 50 54 44 40 51 44 41 065. Stanford University 16 28 35 .21 7.0 .73 .46 Phil osophy 54 60 54 46 55 59 63 066. Syracuse University 16 13 21 .25 9.5 .18 .00 Philosophy 54 45 45 48 40 28 36 067. Temple University 16 17 40 .07 7.5 .21 .07 Philosophy 54 49 58 36 52 30 40 068. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 8 10 9 .08 9.0 .75 .33 Philosophy 38 42 37 37 43 60 55 069. Texas, University of-Austin 23 48 40 .32 6.9 .43 .17 Philosophy 68 79 58 53 56 43 46 070. Tulane University 10 12 30 .67 8.0 .60 .20 Phil osophy 42 44 51 77 49 52 4 7 071. Vanderbilt University 12 25 41 .30 6.5 .67 .11 Phil osophy 46 5 7 5 8 51 5 8 56 42 072. Virginia, University of 11 10 19 .40 7.0 .60 .20 Phil osophy 44 42 44 59 55 52 4 7 073. Washington University-Saint Louis 12 20 27 .20 5.4 .68 .24 Phil osophy 46 52 49 45 65 56 50 074. Washington, University of-Seattle 15 26 6 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 52 5 8 35 075. Wayne State University 10 17 6 NA NA NA NA Phil osophy 42 49 35 076. Wisconsin, University of-Madison 23 22 66 .34 7.8 .61 .26 Phil osophy 68 54 75 55 51 53 51 077. Yale University 15 42 41 .30 6.2 .47 .27 Philoso~iby 52 73 58 52 61 44 51 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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155 TABLE 10.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Philosophy University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. 2.2 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.3 .09 .11 .05 .06 47 47 47 45 50 062. 1.9 1.3 0.9 0.5 NA .16 .17 .09 .06 44 46 45 3 7 063. 3.2 1.7 1.8 1.2 O.4 .09 .07 .06 .07 56 55 75 54 51 064. 1.0 0.6 1.0 0.5 -0.2 .11 .12 .08 .06 34 33 47 36 45 065. 4.1 2.3 1.2 1.6 2.0 .08 .07 .06 .06 66 65 54 63 68 066. 3.0 1.6 1.8 1.3 -0.3 .09 .09 .06 .07 54 53 75 57 44 067. 2.6 1.5 1.1 1.2 -0.4 .08 .09 .05 .06 50 50 50 54 43 068. 1.1 0.6 1.2 0.5 -0.4 .12 .13 .08 .06 35 34 54 36 43 069. 3.0 1.8 0.9 1.3 1.6 .09 .08 .08 .06 55 56 46 57 63 070. 1.5 1.2 0.8 0.7 -1.0 .12 .11 .06 .07 39 44 42 41 3 7 071. 2.1 1.4 1.0 0.9 -0.7 .12 .12 .05 .07 46 49 49 46 40 072. 2.0 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.7 .10 .10 .07 .06 44 45 49 43 55 073. 2.4 1.4 0.9 1.1 -0.4 .09 .09 .07 .06 49 49 43 50 43 074. 2.4 1.4 1.1 0.9 1.5 .11 .12 .08 .07 49 48 51 4 7 62 075. 1.7 1.0 0.7 0.8 -0.4 .12 .12 .09 .08 42 41 3 7 44 44 3.2 57 077. 3.3 57 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. 1.8 1.1 56 50 1.7 0.9 55 45 first line of 1.2 1.6 55 63 1.6 2.1 64 68 .08 . 07 .07 .06 .10 .09 .08 .05

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156 TABLE 10.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Philosophy Number of Programs Standard D E C I L E S Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Program Size . 01 Raw Value 77 14 5 8 9 11 13 13 15 17 18 21 Std Value 77 50 10 38 40 44 48 48 52 56 58 64 02 Raw Value 77 18 10 7 9 11 13 15 18 24 27 33 Std Value 77 50 10 39 41 43 45 47 50 56 59 65 03 Raw Value 77 29 15 11 15 20 22 26 30 35 41 47 Std Value 77 50 10 39 41 44 46 48 51 54 58 62 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value 56 .27 .14 .09 .14 .20 .22 .25 .30 .36 .41 .45 Std Value 56 50 10 37 41 45 46 49 52 56 60 63 05 Raw Value 56 7.9 1.6 10.0 9.0 8.6 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.2 Std Value S6 50 10 37 43 45 50 52 52 55 57 60 06 Raw Value 56 .57 .18 .33 .42 .46 .50 .55 .61 .67 .72 .80 Std Value 56 50 10 37 42 44 46 49 52 56 58 63 07 Raw Value 56 .25 .17 .00 .09 .15 .19 .20 .25 .31 .42 .51 Std Value 56 50 10 35 41 44 46 47 50 54 60 65 Survey Results 08 Raw Value 77 2.6 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.8 3.1 3.3 4.1 Std Value 77 50 10 37 41 43 45 48 52 55 57 65 09 Raw Value 77 1.5 .5 .7 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.2 Std Value 77 50 10 35 41 45 47 49 52 56 58 64 10 Raw Value 76 1.1 .3 .7 .9 .9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.4 Std Value 76 50 10 38 45 45 48 51 51 55 55 61 11 Raw Value 77 1.1 .4 .5 .7 .8 .8 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6 Std Value 77 50 10 36 41 44 44 49 54 56 61 64 University Library 12 Raw Value 64 .3 1.0 -.9 -.6 -.4 -.3 .1 .3 .8 1.0 1.8 Std Value 64 50 10 38 41 43 44 48 50 55 57 65 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here.

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157 TABLE 10.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 77 Programs in Philosophy / Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Program Size 01 .36 .45 -.02 -.24 -.03 -.02 .38 .39 .12 .21 .43 02 .50 -.02 .13 .19 .28 .42 .45 -.23 .43 .49 03 .02 -.01 .01 .13 .36 .41 -.04 .31 .28 Program Graduates 04 -.01 .25 .20 .24 .27 .15 .20 .03 05 .11 .46 .33 .36 -.18 .38 .03 06 .74 .34 .37 -.05 .26 .21 07 .61 .61 -.17 .58 .36 Survey Results 08 .97 .20 .95 .57 .12 .90 .54 10 .18 -.17 11 .51 University Library 12 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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158 s . o++ + + 4.0 Measure + 3. 0++ 08 2.0 1 . 0 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *. * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * C. O +/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 10.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--77 programs in philosophy.

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159 3. 0++ + + + + + 2.0++ + + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** + * * * * Measure + + * * * 09 + * * * ** * + * * * * * + * * * * + * * * * 1. 0++ * * * * r = .47 + * * * * + + * * * * + * * * + * + * * O. O +/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 10.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last five years (measure 02)--77 programs in philosophy.

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160 TABLE 10.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Philosophy Respondents N % Field of Specialization Philosophy 151 96 Other/Unknown 6 4 Faculty Rank Professor 96 61 Associate Professor 42 27 Assistant Professor 18 12 Other/Unknown 1 1 Year of Highest Degree Pre-19S0 11 7 1950-59 36 23 1960-69 65 41 Post-1969 42 27 Unknown 3 2 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 132 84 Other 25 16 Survey Form With Faculty Names 143 91 Without Names 14 9 Total Evaluators 157 100

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161 x x x x x x . x x . . x X ~ _,, x x _ y _ _ x x x x . x _y___ X' ___Y___ ~ x x x x Mean Survey Rating (Measure 08) FIGURE 10.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 77 programs in philosophy. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program.appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of +1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program. 0.0

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