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Spanish language and Literature Programs In this chapter 69 research-doctorate programs in Spanish language and literature are assessed. These programs, according to the informa- tion supplied by their universities, have accounted for 812 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 87 percent of the aggregate number of Spanish and Portuguese language and litera- ture doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span.) With respect to this percentage it should be pointed out that five of the university coordinators providing program information to the commit- tee were unable to determine how many of the recent graduates from the departments of romance languages or modern languages were degree recip- ients in Spanish. Data for these five programs are not included in the above estimate. On the average, 24 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 10 members.2 Almost half of the 69 programs, listed in Table 11.1, are located in Spanish or Spanish and Portuguese departments. The other programs are found in departments of romance languages, modern languages, or other foreign languages. Only four of the programs were initiated since 1970, and no two programs are located in the same university. In addition to the 69 institutions represented in this discipline, another 3 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: Case Western Reserve University Middlebury College Saint Louis University Spanish programs at these three institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study iData from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 933 research doctorates in Spanish and Portuguese language and literature were awarded by U.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 11.2. 3As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 5 doctorates in Spanish during the FY1976-78 period. 163

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164 coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time have a research-doctorate program in Spanish or failed to provide the information requested by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 11.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter TI, in which each of the 12 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 11.2. For eight of the measures, data are reported for at least 63 of the 69 Spanish pro- grams. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for only approximately half of the programs; the other half had too few graduates on which to base statistics. 4 Intercorrelations among the 12 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 11.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of library size (12) with reputational survey ratings (08, 09~. Figure 11.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 69 programs in Spanish. Figure 11.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger pro- grams received low mean ratings. Table 11.4 describes the 136 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of Spanish language and literature programs. These individuals constituted 66 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 20 percent of the faculty population in the 69 research-doctorate programs being evaluated.5 Approximately one-third of the survey participants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and a majority were full professors. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 69 Spanish programs (and are given in Table 11.11. For each program the mean rating and an associ- ated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 11.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. s see Table 2.3 in Chapter II. 6 See pp. 28-30 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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165 also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses.

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166 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Arizona State University-Tempe 12 6 18 NA NA NA NA Foreign Languages * 55 42 48 002. Arizona, University of-Tucson 16 16 23 .33 11.8 .71 .33 Romance Languages 64 54 50 57 35 58 55 003. Brown University 7 14 25 NA 8.5 NA NA Hispanic and Ital fan Studies 43 52 51 53 004. CUNY-Graduate School 8 32 81 .08 10.5 .46 .23 Spanish 45 72 72 38 42 40 47 005. California, University of-Berkeley 18 17 15 .17 7.2 .39 .33 Spanish and Portuguese Programs 69 55 47 44 60 35 55 006. California, University of-Davis 8 6 5 NA NA NA NA Spanish and Cl assics 45 42 43 007. California, University of-Irvine 11 7 36 NA NA NA NA Spanish and Portuguese 52 43 55 008. California, University of-Los Angeles 18 27 35 .27 8.4 .49 .19 Spanish and Portuguese 69 66 54 52 54 42 44 009. California, University of-Riverside 6 7 11 NA NA NA NA l iteratures and l anguages 40 43 45 010. California, University of-San Diego 6 7 26 NA NA NA NA Literature 40 43 51 011. California, University of-Santa Barbara 15 6 7 NA NA NA NA Spanish and Portuguese 62 42 44 012. Catholic University of America 5 11 21 .15 11~0 .55 .09 Modern Languages 38 48 49 43 39 46 36 013. Cincinnati, University of 4 6 23 NA NA NA NA Romance Languages and Literature 36 42 50 014. Colorado, University of 12 23 22 .13 10.7 .67 .19 Spanish and Portuguese 55 62 49 41 41 55 44 015. Columbia University 7 13 42 .23 10.0 .54 .15 Spanish and Portuguese 43 50 5 7 49 45 45 41 016. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 10 6 9 NA NA NA NA Romance and Cl assical Languages 50 42 45 017. Cornell University-Ithaca 8 NA NA .25 7.0 .67 .17 Romance Studies 45 51 61 55 42 018. Duke University 6 12 2 .30 8.0 .50 .10 Romance Languages 40 49 42 55 56 43 37 019. Emory University 5 10 8 NA NA NA NA Mod ern Languages and Cl assics 3 8 4 7 44 020. Florida State University-Tallahassee 7 13 18 .20 6.8 .40 .13 Modern Languages 43 50 48 47 62 36 39 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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167 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 2.3 1.4 1.3 1.0 -0.3 .11 .08 .07 .06 45 44 64 46 43 002. 2.7 1.7 1.2 1.2 0.9 .10 .07 .07 .06 50 53 57 52 56 003. 3.4 2.1 1.0 1.3 -1.1 .11 .06 .08 .07 60 61 50 56 36 004. 2.8 1.6 0.7 1.2 NA .09 .06 .08 .06 52 48 39 51 005. 4.0 2.3 0.9 1.6 2.2 .09 .06 .07 .05 67 68 46 64 69 006. 2.4 1.5 1.0 0.9 0.6 .11 .07 .08 .07 47 46 52 43 53 007. 3.0 1.9 1.3 1.4 NA .10 .07 .07 .07 55 57 61 59 008. 3.7 2.1 1.3 1.4 2.0 .08 .04 .08 .06 63 63 62 60 67 009. 2.5 1.5 0.9 1.1 -1.0 .10 .08 .06 .06 48 46 47 49 36 010. 3.6 1.9 0.8 1.4 -0.0 .11 .08 .09 .07 62 56 40 60 46 011. 2.9 1.7 1.4 1.1 -0.1 .10 .08 .08 .07 53 53 66 49 46 012. 2.0 1.4 0.8 0.9 NA .13 .08 .08 .06 42 44 42 43 013. 1.8 1.2 0.9 1.1 -0.2 .13 .09 .06 .07 39 39 45 48 44 014. 1.8 1.2 0.8 0.8 -0.9 .13 .09 .08 .07 39 39 43 37 38 015. 3.4 1.9 1.0 1.5 1.7 .11 .06 .09 .06 60 56 48 61 64 016. 2.3 1.4 1.3 1.1 -0.5 .10 .08 .08 .06 45 45 61 48 42 017. 3.4 2.0 1.1 1.3 1.6 .10 .08 .08 .07 60 61 55 54 63 018. 3.2 1.8 1.0 1.3 0.3 .11 .07 .07 .07 56 56 49 56 50 019. 1.2 0.8 0.6 0.7 -0.6 .14 .10 .09 .07 31 29 32 36 40 020. 1.7 1.1 0.8 0.8 -0.4 .11 .09 .10 .06 37 37 41 39 42 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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168 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. Characteristics of Prog Program Size Prouram Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. Florida, University of-Gainesville 9 6 9 NA NA NA NA Romance Languages and Literatures 47 42 45 022. Georgetown University 7 6 9 NA NA NA NA Spanish 43 42 45 023. Georgia, University of-Athens 7 8 4 NA NA NA NA Romance Languages 43 45 43 024. Harvard University 9 NA 17 .25 8.8 .71 .38 Romance Languages and Literatures 47 48 51 52 58 59 025. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 14 33 52 .31 8.0 .63 .35 Spanish, Ital fan, and Portuguese 59 73 61 55 56 52 57 026. Indiana University-Bloomington 18 19 47 .15 9.8 .62 .19 Spanish and Portuguese 69 5 7 59 43 46 51 44 027. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 16 14 18 .28 8.5 .77 .41 Spanish and Portuguese 64 52 4 8 53 53 62 62 028. Johns Hopkins University 2 15 9 .13 5.0 .47 .27 Romance Languages 31 53 45 42 72 40 50 029. Kansas, University of 12 15 15 .29 7.8 .64 .43 Spanish and Portuguese 55 53 4 7 54 5 7 53 63 030. Kentucky, University of 9 25 33 .41 9.0 .52 .17 Spanish and Ital fan language & Literatures 47 64 54 63 50 44 43 031. Louisiana State University-Baton Rouge 6 6 11 NA NA NA NA Spanish & Portuguese Language & Literature 40 42 45 032 . Maryland, University of-College Park 8 10 19 NA NA NA NA Spanish and Portuguese 45 4 7 4 8 033. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 13 13 29 .00 10.0 .85 .31 Spanish and Portuguese 5 7 50 52 32 45 6 7 53 034. Miami, University of-Florida 6 5 5 NA NA NA NA Foreign Languages 40 41 43 035. Michigan State University-East Lansing 10 11 21 .00 NA NA NA Romance & Classical languages & literatures 50 48 49 32 036. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor 13 5 17 .36 8.8 .30 .10 Romance Languages and literatures 57 41 48 60 52 29 37 037 . Minnesota, University of 13 17 31 . 10 10 .0 .90 .50 Spanish and Portuguese 5 7 55 53 39 45 71 69 038. Missouri, University of Columbia 10 6 10 NA NA NA NA Romance languages 50 42 45 039 . Nebraska, University of-Lincoln 9 3 8 NA NA NA NA Modern languages and literatures 47 39 44 040. New Mexico, University of-Albuquerque 10 26 42 .32 9.8 .52 .33 Nodern and Classical languages 50 65 57 56 46 44 55 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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169 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 021. 1.8 1.2 0.6 0.9 0.8 .12 .09 .09 .07 39 40 34 40 55 022. 2.1 1.3 0.9 0.7 -0.6 .14 .09 .10 .07 42 43 44 36 40 023. 2.3 1.5 1.3 1.1 0.4 .10 .08 .10 .07 46 47 63 48 51 024. 4.5 2.3 1.2 1.8 3.0 .09 .07 .07 .04 74 68 58 73 77 025. 3.4 2.1 0.8 1.4 2.0 .09 .06 .07 .06 59 62 42 60 67 026. 3.5 2.1 1.0 1.5 0.9 .08 .05 .09 .05 61 61 50 62 56 027. 2.3 1.5 0.9 1.0 0.3 .11 .08 .08 .07 46 48 47 45 50 028. 2.4 1.6 0.2 1.2 -0.4 .16 .10 .05 .07 4 7 48 18 52 43 029. 3.5 2.2 1.3 1.5 0.1 .10 .06 .06 .07 61 65 63 62 48 030. 3.1 1.9 1.1 1.5 -0.1 .11 .06 .06 .06 56 58 56 61 46 031. 1.7 1.2 1.4 0.7 -0.3 .12 .09 .09 .07 38 40 66 36 43 032. 2.9 1.6 1.3 1.2 0.2 .10 .07 .09 .07 53 48 61 52 48 033. 2.4 1.6 1.0 1.1 -0.7 .11 .08 .06 .07 47 50 49 47 39 034. 1.9 1.1 0.8 1.1 NA .09 .08 .06 .07 40 38 43 47 035. 2.3 1.5 0.9 1.1 0.3 .10 .07 .07 .06 45 46 48 49 50 036. 3.8 2.1 1.0 1.5 1.8 .08 .06 .08 .06 65 63 51 64 65 037. 3.0 1.9 1.3 1.3 1.2 .10 .06 .07 .06 55 58. 63 57 59 038. 2.2 1.5 1- 1 0.9 -0.2 .10 .08 .09 .07 44 46 53 40 45 039. 2.0 1.2 1.2 1.0 -0.5 .10 .07 .10 .07 41 39 60 46 41 040. 2.6 1.7 1.0 1.1 -1.0 .10 .08 .06 .06 49 52 50 48 3 7 Now: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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170 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 041. New York University Spanish & Portuguese languages & Literature 042. North Carolina, University of-Chapel Hill Romance Languages 043. Northwestern University Spanish and Portuguese 044. Ohio State University-Columbus Romance languages and Literatures 045. Oklahoma, University of-Norman Modern Languages 046. Oregon, University of-Eugene Romance Languages 047. Pennsylvania State University Spanish 048. Pennsylvania, University of Romance Languages 049. Pittsburgh, University of Hispanic Languages and Literatures 050. Princeton University Romance Languages and literatures 051. Puerto Rico, University of Hispanic Studies 052. Purdue University-West Lafayette Foreign Languages and Literatures * 053. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick Spanish 054. SUNY at Albany Hispanic and Ital fan Studies 055. SUNV at Buffalo Modern Languages and Literatures 056. Southern California, University of Spanish and Portuguese 057. Stanford University Spanish and Portuguese 058. Syracuse University Foreign Languages and Literatures 059 . Temple University Spanish and Portuguese * 060 . Tennessee, University of-Knoxville Romance Languages * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 15 30 62 70 9 15 47 53 6 7 40 43 9 NA 47 6 40 7 3 43 39 13 10 57 47 9 NA 47 9 47 43 20 23 74 62 11 3 52 39 11 14 52 52 11 2 52 38 11 13 52 50 7 21 43 60 10 5 50 41 7 1 43 37 9 9 47 46 7 7 43 43 19 21 57 49 11 16 48 47 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) 23 .17 50 44 28 .27 52 52 6 NA 43 NA 12 6 49 43 6 43 9 45 .27 53 NA .13 41 .33 57 .33 57 195 99 7 44 58 .22 63 49 36 NA 55 16 47 NA NA .12 11.0 41 39 NA NA .00 14.5 32 20 NA NA .40 7.1 62 61 17 .40 10.1 48 62 44 17 NA NA 48 10 45 15 47 8 44 NA NA NA NA NA NA 11.0 .77 39 62 7.8 .73 57 59 NA NA 8.8 .46 52 40 8.0 .50 56 43 10.5 .42 42 37 6.0 .75 67 61 11.0 .56 39 47 NA NA .24 47 .33 55 NA NA NA .59 .35 49 57 NA NA .00 29 .23 47 .17 42 .58 75 .80 .30 64 53 NA NA .19 44 NA .82 .46 65 65 .71 .24 57 47 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAn indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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171 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. Prog No. (08) 041. 2.7 50 042. 3.1 55 043. 2.1 42 044. 2.0 41 045. 1.2 31 046. 1.6 36 047. 2.7 51 048. 4.3 72 049. 3.2 57 050. 3.3 59 051. 2.3 45 052. 2.1 42 053. 2.5 48 054. 2.8 52 055. 2.9 ~3 056. 2.0 42 057. 3.7 63 058. 2.2 43 059. 1.6 36 060. 1.5 35 Survey Results (09) (10) (11) 1.7 1.0 1.1 51 51 47 1.9 0.9 1.4 56 45 59 1.3 0.8 0.9 43 43 43 1.3 0.6 0.7 43 32 35 0.8 0.8 0.6 28 40 30 1.1 0.6 36 34 1.7 1.1 53 56 2.4 1.2 71 57 1.9 0.9 57 46 2.0 0.7 59 38 1.4 1.2 45 60 1.2 1.0 39 49 1.6 1.0 50 49 1.4 1.2 44 60 1.8 1.2 54 57 1.5 0.9 46 45 2.1 1.1 63 55 1.2 1.0 40 52 1.3 0.9 41 46 0.9 0.8 32 42 University Library (12) 0.5 51 1.0 57 0.3 50 0.9 56 0.6 41 0.6 -0.9 31 37 1.2 0.7 53 54 1.6 0.7 66 54 1.4 0.1 58 47 1.4 0.9 58 56 0.6 NA 31 1.0 -0.5 44 41 1.1 0.8 48 55 1.2 -1.0 50 37 1.2 0.3 53 49 1.0 0.4 45 50 1.4 2.0 60 67 1.0 -0.3 45 43 0.6 -0.4 32 42 0.7 -0.4 36 42 Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) (11) .09 .07 .07 .07 .08 .06 .12 .08 .12 .08 .09 .12 .09 .09 .12 .11 .11 .08 .08 .06 .09 .06 .13 .07 .06 .06 .07 .07 .06 .06 .09 .06 .07 .07 .06 .06 .08 .07 .07 .06 .15 .13 .13 .06 .11 .08 .11 .07 .10 .07 .05 .07 .12 .09 .09 .08 .09 .06 .08 .07 .10 .11 .07 .10 .06 .06 .07 .12 .09 .08 .08 .11 .10 .10 .06 .12 .09 .08 .07 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAG indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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17 2 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 061. Texas Tech University-Lubbock Classical and Romance Languages* 062. Texas, University of-Austin Spanish and Portuguese 063. Tulane University Spanish and Portuguese 064. Vanderbilt University Spanish and Portuguese 065. Virginia, University of Spanish, Ital fan, and Portuguese 066. Washington University-Saint Louis Romance Languages 067. Washington, University of-Seattle Romance Language and Literature 068. Wisconsin, University of-Madison Spanish and Portuguese 069. Yale University Spanish and Portuguese * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Characteristics of Program Size Program Graduates (01) (02) (03) 11 9 52 46 28 27 93 66 10 5 41 9 7 47 43 6 5 41 10 NA 50 15 46 62 88 10 16 50 54 12 46 50 60 24 50 6 43 10 15 47 47 4 43 NA 64 65 28 52 (04) (05) (06) NA NA 8.4 60 53 NA NA NA NA 8.3 41 54 NA NA NA NA 60 10.4 78 43 39 6.5 62 64 NA .56 47 NA NA .54 45 NA NA .60 50 .56 47 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAT indicates that the value for a measure is not available. (07) NA .36 57 NA NA .15 41 NA NA .28 51 .38 59

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173 TABLE 11.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Spanish Lang. & Lit. University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. 1.9 1.1 1.4 1.0 NA .12 .10 .09 .07 40 38 67 45 062. 4.1 2.3 1.1 1.6 1.6 .08 .05 .08 .05 69 68 52 67 63 063. 2.2 1.3 0.9 1.0 -1.0 .10 .08 .08 .07 43 43 47 45 36 064. 2.5 1.6 1.0 1.0 -0.7 .11 .08 .06 .06 48 48 51 46 39 065. 2.9 1.8 1.6 1.2 0.7 .1Q .07 .07 .07 53 55 74 52 54 066. 2.0 1.3 0.8 1.2 -0.4 .12 .10 .08 .07 41 43 40 52 43 067. 2.8 1.7 0.9 1.2 1.5 .11 .08 .09 .07 52 53 46 50 62 068. 3.7 2.2 0.7 1.6 1.6 .09 .06 .07 .05 63 65 38 66 63 069. 4.1 2.2 1.1 1.7 2.1 .09 .06 .06 .04 68 65 54 70 68 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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174 TABLE 11.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Spanish Language & Literature Number of Programs Standard D E C I L E S Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 S 6 7 8 9 Program Size 01 Raw Value 69 10 4 6 7 7 9 9 10 11 13 15 Std Value 69 SO 10 40 43 43 47 47 50 52 '57 62 02 Raw Value 64 13 9 5 6 6 8 10 13 15 17 26 Std Value 64 50 10 41 42 42 45 47 50 53 55 65 03 Raw Value 65 24 27 6 8 10 15 17 21 24 31 45 Std Value 65 50 10 43 44 45 47 48 49 50 53 58 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value 37 .24 .13 .05 .13 .15 .19 .25 .27 .31 .33 .39 Std Value 37 50 10 35 42 43 46 51 52 55 57 62 05 Raw Value 37 9.0 1.8 11.0 10.6 10.1 9.8 8.8 8.5 8.0 7.8 7.0 Std Value 37 50 10 39 41 44 46 51 53 56 57 61 06 Raw Value 36 .60 .14 .41 .47 .52 .54 .56 .62 .68 .73 .78 Std Value 36 50 10 36 41 44 46 47 51 56 59 63 07 Raw Value 36 .27 .12 .10 .16 .19 .21 .24 .31 .33 .36 .42 Std Value 36 50 10 36 41 43 45 48 53 55 58 63 Survey Results 08 Raw Value 69 2.7 .8 1.7 2.0 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.8 3.1 3.4 3.7 Std Value 69 50 10 38 42 43 45 48 52 56 60 64 39 Raw Value 69 1.6 .4 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.9 2.0 24 Std Value 69 50 10 37 39 44 47 49 52 57 60 10 Raw Value 69 1.0 .2 .7 .8 .9 .9 1.0 1.0 ~ Std Value 69 50 10 38 42 46 46 50 50 55 5' 11 Raw Value 69 1.1 .3 .7 .9 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Std Value 69 50 10 35 42 45 49 49 52 56 5' -- University Librar, 12 Raw Value 63 .3 1.0 -.9 -.6 -.4 -.2 .2 .4 .8 Std Value 63 50 10 37 40 42 44 49 51 55 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values computed from exact values reported here.

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175 TABLE 11.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 69 Programs in Spanish Language & Literature Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Program Size 01 .46 .46 .07 -.27 .16 .18 .42 .46 .36 .30 .42 02 .53 .30 -.27 .08 .10 .42 .48 -.13 .37 .42 03 -.21 -.58 .19 .04 .22 .22 .07 .06 .37 Program Graduates 04 .26 -.14 .09 .38 .42 -.02 .48 .29 05 -.24 .18 .37 .38 -.17 .47 .16 06 .62 -.18 -.12 .22 -.22 -.08 07 .15 .17 .01 .13 .08 Survey Results 08 .97 .28 .93 09 .28 .90 10 .23 11 University Library 12 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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176 5.0++ r 4 . 0++ Measure + 3 . 0++ 2. 0 08 * * 1.0 + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ~ . O +/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 11.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--69 programs in Spanish language & literature.

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177 3.0++ + + t 2 . 0++ Measure + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 09 + * * * * + +* * + 1. 0++ + + + + * * * * 0. O +/+++f+++++++++++/++++- 1 4 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * '++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/ 9 16 25 36 49 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 11.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last f ive years (measure 02) --64 programs in Spanish language & literature.

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178 TABLE 11.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Spanish Language & Literature Respondents N Field of Specialization Spanish/Portuguese Lang. & Lit. 125 Other/Unknown 11 Faculty Rank % 92 8 Professor 74 S4 Associate Professor 46 34 Assistant Professor 16 12 Year of Highest Degree . Pre-1950 7 5 1950-59 32 24 1960-69 53 39 Post-1969 41 30 Unknown 3 2 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 114 84 Other 22 16 Survey Form With Faculty Names 125 92 Without Names 11 8 Total Evaluators 136 100

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179 5,0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 Mean Survey Rating (Measure 08) FIGURE 11.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 69 programs in Spanish language & literature. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of i1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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