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V:II German Language and literature Programs In this chapter 48 research-doctorate programs in German language and literature are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 616 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 97 percent of the aggregate number of German language and literature doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span.t On the average, 15 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 9 members .2 Only three of the programs were initiated since 1970, and no two programs are located in the same university. In addition to the 48 institutions represented in this discipline, another 5 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: Boston College University of California--Riverside Columbia University University of Kentucky Syracuse University German programs at these five institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time Data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 636 research doctorates in German language and literature were awarded by U.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 7.2. 3 As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 4 doctorates in German during the FY1976-78 period. 99

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100 have a research-doctorate program in German or failed to provide the information requested by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 7.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 12 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 7.2. For eight of the measures, data are reported for at least 45 of the 48 German programs. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for less than two-thirds of the programs; the others had too few graduates on which to base statistics.4 Intercorrelations among the 12 measures {Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 7.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of faculty size (01), number of recent program graduates (02), and library index (12) with reputational survey ratings (08, 09~. Figure 7.l illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 48 programs in German. Figure 7.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant posi- tive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 7.4 describes the 95 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of German programs. These individuals constituted 63 per- cent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 21 percent of the faculty population in the 48 research-doctorate programs being evaluated.5 Only one-fifth of the survey participants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and almost two-thirds were full professors. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 48 German programs (and are given in Table 7.1~. For each program the mean rating and an associ- ated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 7.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy 4 As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. ssee Table 2.3 in Chapter II. 6 See pp. 28-30 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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101 of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usu- ally based on fewer survey responses.

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102 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Brown University 8 9 7 NA NA NA NA German 4 7 45 41 002. Bryn Mawr College 5 5 6 NA NA NA NA German 40 39 40 003. CUNY-Graduate School 8 7 12 NA NA NA NA Germanic languages and Literature 47 42 46 004. California, University of-Berkeley 16 23 34 .23 9.2 .46 .32 German 66 65 69 46 48 44 55 005. California, University of-Davis 8 7 3 .10 NA . 30 .10 German and Russian 4 7 42 3 7 35 30 39 006. California, University of-Irvine 7 5 11 NA NA NA NA German * 45 39 45 007. California, University of-Los Angeles 20 11 28 .17 8.8 .58 .42 Germanic Languages 75 47 63 41 51 57 62 008. California, University of-San Diego 4 1 10 NA NA NA NA Literature* 38 33 44 009. California, University of-Santa Barbara 6 6 9 NA NA NA NA Germanic & Slavic Languages & Literatures 42 40 43 010. Chicago, University of 6 11 14 .50 8.8 .46 .09 Germanic Languages and Literatures 42 47 49 68 51 44 39 011. Cincinnati, University of 8 11 22 .12 9.8 .71 .29 German 47 47 57 37 44 68 54 012. Colorado, University of 5 10 3 .36 8.0 .40 .10 Germanic Languages and Literatures 40 46 37 57 57 39 39 013. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 8 11 5 .31 8.3 .54 .15 Germanic and Slavic Languages 47 47 39 52 54 52 43 014. Cornell University-Ithaca 13 13 19 .38 6.4 .53 .33 Germanic Studies 59 50 54 58 68 52 56 015. Harvard University 6 21 23 .25 7.9 .36 .21 Germanic Languages and Literatures 42 62 58 47 57 35 48 016. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 11 14 16 .33 8 .0 .64 .43 Germanic Languages and Literatures 54 52 51 54 57 62 63 017. Indiana University-Bloomington 18 26 30 .32 11.3 .68 .13 Germanic Languages 71 69 65 53 33 66 42 018. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 10 4 12 NA NA NA NA German 52 3 7 46 019. Johns Hopkins University 4 19 15 .44 8.8 .56 .13 German 38 59 50 63 51 55 41 020. Kansas, University of 9 8 26 NA NA NA NA Germanic Languages and Literatures 49 43 61 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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103 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 3.0 1.8 1.0 1.2 -1.1 .09 .07 .08 .06 51 52 54 51 35 002. 1.9 1.1 1.0 0.9 NA .12 .10 .06 .07 40 38 53 41 003. 2.4 1.3 0.7 0.9 NA lo nc 45 41 41 42 004. 4.3 2.4 0.9 1.7 2.2 .07 .05 .07 .06 65 64 49 64 66 005. 2.3 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.6 11 na n. 43 44 49 44 5i 006. 3.0 1.8 1.0 1.3 NA .08 .06 .09 .0. 51 51 53 54 007. 3.5 2.1 1.1 1.2 2.0 .07 .04 .06 .06 57 57 58 51 64 008. 1.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 -0.0 .12 .09 .06 .07 40 35 42 42 45 009. 3.4 1.8 1.1 1.4 -0.1 .09 .06 .03 .07 55 51 57 55 44 010. 2.6 1.6 0.5 1.0 0.9 .11 .08 .07 .06 47 48 33 43 54 011. 2.6 1.7 0.8 1.2 -0.2 .10 .07 .07 .07 47 49 46 49 43 012. 1.5 1.0 0.4 0.9 -0.9 .11 .08 .06 .07 35 35 25 40 37 013. 2.3 1.5 0.9 1.1 -0.5 .09 .09 .05 .07 44 46 49 47 41 014. 4.1 2.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 .08 .06 .06 .06 63 60 74 60 61 015. 3.7 2.1 0.6 1.7 3.0 .08 .05 .07 .06 59 57 36 63 7 016. 3.5 2.2 1.0 1.3 2.0 .09 .06 .06 .07 57 59 52 52 64 017. 4.3 2.5 1.0 1.7 0.9 .07 .06 .06 .05 65 66 54 64 54 018. 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.3 .10 .08 .06 .06 36 35 50 36 48 019. 2.7 1.8 0.7 1.1 -0.4 .10 .08 .09 .07 48 51 41 48 41 020. 2.0 1.4 0.9 0.9 0.1 .10 .08 .07 .07 41 43 48 41 4d NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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104 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 021. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst Germanic Languages and Literature 022. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor Germanic Language and Literature 023. Minnesota, University of German 024. Nebraska, University of-Lincoln Modern Languages and Literatures 025. New York University Germanic Languages and Literatures 026. North Carolina, University of-Chapel Hill Germanic Languages 027. Northwestern University German Language and Literature 028. Ohio State University-Columbus German 029. Oregon, University of-Eugene German Languages and Literatures 030. Pennsylvania State University German 031. Pennsylvania, University of Germanic Languages and Literatures 032. Pittsburgh, University of Germanic Languages and Literatures 033. Princeton University Germanic Languages and Literatures 034. Rice University German and Russian 035. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick German 036. SUNY at Albany Germanic Languages and Literature* 037. SONY at Buffalo Modern Languages and Literatures 038. SUNY at Stony Brook German Language and Literature * 039. Southern California, University of German 040. Stanford University German Stud ies * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 17 22 68 63 21 17 78 56 7 12 45 49 5 11 40 47 8 20 47 60 8 17 47 56 10 10 52 46 13 17 59 56 8 13 47 50 8 9 47 45 7 45 45 9 49 6 42 12 56 7 7 45 42 7 5 45 39 6 5 42 39 5 17 40 56 9 24 49 66 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) 15 .14 50 35 10 .29 44 51 9 .36 43 57 5 NA 39 9 43 .08 9. 33 7 .18 41 42 8 NA 42 23 58 9 43 36 16 23 55 58 3 6 36 40 15 17 53 52 8 14 43 49 8 41 43 77 25 60 9 43 15 50 23 58 20 55 9.3 47 10.5 38 11.8 29 NA 44 8.9 50 NA .32 10.0 53 42 .54 8.7 71 52 NA NA .19 9.3 42 47 NA NA .43 42 .50 49 .64 62 NA .39 38 .45 44 NA .61 59 .50 49 NA .39 38 NA .39 6.5 .62 58 68 60 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA .36 9.5 56 46 .30 8.9 52 50 .10 39 .19 46 .27 52 NA .08 38 .10 39 NA .39 60 .42 62 NA .08 38 NA .54 71 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA 54 .15 52 43 67 .38 65 60 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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105 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. Prog No. (08) 021. 3.5 57 022. 3.4 56 023. 3.0 51 024. 1.4 35 025. 2.6 47 026. 3.1 52 027. 3.3 54 028. 3.2 53 029. 2.4 45 030. 2.2 43 031. 3.3 55 032. 2.1 42 033. 4.5 67 034. 1.8 39 035. 1.8 38 036. 3.2 53 037. 2.7 48 038. 1.8 38 039. 1.8 38 040. 4.1 63 Survey Results (09) (10) 2.0 1.0 56 54 2.1 1.0 57 52 1.9 1.1 54 60 1.0 0.9 35 49 1.6 0.8 47 45 1.9 1.0 54 53 1.8 0.8 51 45 2.0 0.9 56 49 1.6 1.0 47 53 1.4 0.9 44 51 2.0 0.8 55 44 1.1 0.7 39 43 2.5 1.4 66 71 1.3 0.8 41 45 1.2 0.8 40 45 1.7 1.4 50 71 1.5 0.9 45 48 1.1 0.7 38 41 1.3 0.5 41 31 2.4 1.2 64 64 (11) 1.5 59 1.3 52 1.3 52 0.7 35 1.0 43 1.3 52 1.4 56 1.3 53 0.9 41 1.0 43 1.4 55 1.0 44 1.8 67 0.9 40 0.9 40 1.4 56 1.1 47 0.8 38 0.8 39 1.6 62 University Survey Ratings Library Sit ^n~l~rd Error (12) 0.7 38 1.8 62 1.2 56 0 . 5 40 0.5 50 1.0 55 0.3 48 0.9 54 O. . 9 36 0.7 52 0.7 52 0.1 46 0.9 54 1.4 31 0.8 53 -1.0 36 0.3 48 0 . 6 39 0.4 49 2.0 65 (09) .08 .06 .09 .05 .09 .06 .11 .08 .10 .07 (10) (11) .07 .06 .08 ,07 .08 .07 .05 .07 .09 .07 .08 .05 .06 .06 .09 .07 .06 .06 .08 .06 .09 .06 .10 .08 .04 .07 .11 .08 .08 .07 .08 .06 .08 .06 .10 .08 .06 .07 .07 .06 .07 .04 .12 .09 .09 .07 .11 .09 .08 .07 .09 .07 .07 .06 .08 .07 .05 .06 .13 .09 .09 .07 .13 .10 .08 .07 .08 .06 .07 .05 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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106 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 041. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville Germanic and Slavic Languages 042. Texas, University of-Austin Germanic Languages 043. Vanderbilt University Germanic and Slavic Languages 044. Virginia, University of Germanic Languages and Literature 045. Washington University-Saint Louis German Languages and Literature 046. Washington, University of-Seattle Germanics 047. Wisconsin, University of-Madison German 048. Yale University Germanic Languages and Literatures * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 11 NA 47 20 34 68 60 69 7 12 45 49 14 6 61 40 11 34 54 80 13 26 59 69 13 19 59 59 39 9 43 10 36 45 46 72 13 47 NA 18 53 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) .20 11.5 .50 43 31 49 .45 8.5 64 53 .46 7.0 64 64 NA NA .23 10.0 46 42 .11 8.0 36 57 .21 6.3 44 69 .39 38 .46 44 NA .50 49 .56 54 8.5 .42 53 41 .64 62 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAB indicates that the value for a measure is not available. .10 39 .28 52 .18 NA .50 68 .22 48 .26 51 .43 63

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107 TABLE 7.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in German Lang. & Lit. University Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.6 -0.4 .12 .09 .07 .06 31 31 40 32 41 042. 4.2 2.5 1.0 1.6 1.6 .06 .06 .06 .06 63 65 54 62 61 1.3 1.0 0.8 0.5 -0.7 .11 .08 .07 .06 33 36 44 29 38 044. 4.0 2.2 1.4 1.7 0.7 .08 .06 .07 .05 62 59 74 65 52 045. 3.4 2.0 0.8 1.5 -0.4 .08 .06 .07 .06 55 55 44 58 41 046. 3.5 2.1 1.0 1.4 1.5 .08 .05 .05 .07 57 57 54 54 59 047. 4.5 2.6 1.2 1.9 1.6 .07 .06 .05 .04 67 67 62 69 60 048. 4.5 2.6 0.9 1.8 2.1 .07 .05 .05 .04 67 68 52 67 65 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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108 TABLE 7.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--German Language & Literature Number of Programs Standard D E C ~ L E S Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Program Size 01 Raw Value 48 9 4 5 6 7 7 8 8 10 13 16 Std Value 48 50 10 40 42 45 45 47 47 52 59 66 02 Raw Value 48 13 7 5 7 8 10 11 13 17 19 22 Std Value 48 50 10 39 42 43 46 47 50 56 59 63 03 Raw Value 46 15 10 5 7 9 10 13 15 19 23 29 Std Value 46 50 10 39 41 43 44 47 50 54 58 64 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value 30 .28 .12 .11 .16 .19 .23 .29 .32 .36 .38 .45 Std Value 30 50 10 36 40 43 46 51 53 57 58 64 05 Raw Value 29 8.9 1.4 11.3 10.0 9.6 9.2 8.8 8.7 8.5 8.0 7.0 Std Value 29 50 10 32 42 45 48 51 51 53 56 64 06 Raw Value 30 .51 .10 .39 .40 .45 .46 .50 .54 .56 .62 .64 Std Value 30 50 10 38 39 44 45 49 53 55 61 63 07 Raw Value 30 .25 .14 .09 .10 .13 .15 .21 .27 .32 .39 .43 Std Value 30 50 10 39 39 41 43 47 51 55 60 63 Survey Results 08 Raw Value 48 2.9 .9 1.6 1.9 2.3 2.6 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.6 4.2 Std Value 48 50 10 36 39 44 47 51 53 55 58 64 09 Raw Value 48 1.7 .5 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 1.9 2.0 2.1 2.4 Std Value 48 50 10 36 40 44 48 52 54 56 58 64 10 Raw Value 48 .9 .2 .7 .7 .8 .9 .9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.2 Std Value 48 50 10 41 41 45 50 50 55 55 55 64 11 Raw Value 48 1.2 .3 .8 .9 1.0 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.7 Std Value 48 50 10 38 41 44 44 50 53 56 59 64 University Library 12 Raw Value 45 .5 1.0 -.9 -.5 -.4 .1 .4 .7 .9 1.6 2.0 Std Value 45 50 10 37 40 41 46 49 52 54 61 64 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here.

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109 TABLE 7.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 48 Programs in German Language & Literature Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Program Size 01 .44 .41 -.16 -.02 .14 .25 .62 .64 .43 .54 .52 02 .32 -.24 .03 .08 -.05 .58 .66 .12 .52 .51 03 -.05 -.19 .21 .42 .41 .44 .06 .40 .34 Program Graduates 04 .20 .15 .17 -.14 -.09 -.06 -.19 -.17 05 -.10 .32 .24 .20 .21 .21 .18 06 .52 .24 .29 .36 .20 .10 07 .50 .51 .52 .46 .31 Survey Results 08 .98 .60 .97 .65 09 .56 .94 .66 10 .57 .25 11 .58 University Library 12 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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110 s.o++ + + + + + + 4.0++ + + Measure 08 * * * * * * 3.0++ + 2 . 0++ + + 1 . 0++ + + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * r = .64 * O. O +/++++++++++++++++++++++++/++++++++++++++++++++++++/++++++++++++++++++++++++/++++++++++++++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 7.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--48 programs in German language & literature.

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111 3. 0++ + + 2 . 0++ Measure + + O 9 + 1 .0++ + + + + + O. O +/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * r = .66 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 7.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last f ive years (measure 02) --48 programs in German language & literature.

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112 TABLE 7.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in German Language & Literature Respondents N Field of Specialization German Language and Literature 84 Other/Unknown 11 Faculty Rank % 88 12 Professor 63 66 Associate Professor 24 25 Assistant Professor 8 8 Year of Highest Degree Pre-1950 6 6 1950-59 26 27 1960-69 42 44 Post-1969 19 20 Unknown 2 2 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 83 87 Other 12 13 Survey Form With Faculty Names 89 94 Without Names 6 6 Total Evaluators 95 100

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113 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0,0 Mean Survey Rating (Measure 08) FIGURE 7.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 48 programs in German language & literature. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of +1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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