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vm Zoology Programs In this chapter 70 research-doctorate programs in zoology are as- sessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 1,753 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period. On the average, 33 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 21 members .2 Most of the 70 programs, listed in Table 8.1, are located in departments of zoology. Approximately one-third are found in departments of biology or biological sciences. Four programs were initiated since 1970, and only one institution--Utah State University--had two zoology programs included in the assessment. In addition to the 69 institutions repre- sented in this discipline, another 8 were initially identified as meet- ing the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: CUNY--Graduate School University of California--Santa Barbara Florida State University--Tallahassee Illinois Institute of Technology l~linois--Urbana-Champaign University of ~~. University of Kansas University of Mich~gan--Ann Arbor Tulane University Zoology programs at these eight institutions have not been included in data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 1,219 research doctorates in zoology were awarded by U.S. universities be- tween FY1976 and FY1980. Since the NRC figure is based on field of degree and not department, it may exclude some doctorates included in the numbers reported by the institutional coordinators. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 8.2. 3 As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded 8 or more doctorates in zoology during the FY1976-78 period. 145

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146 the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study coor- dinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time have a research-doctorate program in zoology or failed to provide the in- formation requested by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 8.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 16 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics de- scribing every measure are given in Table 8.2. For 10 of the measures, data are reported for at least 66 of the 70 zoology programs. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program gradu- ates, data are presented for approximately four-fifths of the programs; the other fifth had too few graduates on which to base statistics.4 For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data are available for 49 programs; for measure 14, the total univer- sity expenditures for research in the biological sciences, data are available for 44 programs. The programs not evaluated on measures 12 and 14 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other zoology programs. Were data on these two measures available for all 70 programs, it is likely that their reported means would be appreciably lower (and that some of the corre- lations of these measures with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 16 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 8.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of reputational survey ratings (08, 09) with measures of research support (13, 14), publication records (15, 16), and number of program faculty members (02~. Figure 8.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty {measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 69 programs in zoology. Figure 8.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 pro- gram graduates (measure 02~. At though in both figures there is a sig- nificant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 8.4 describes the 123 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of zoology programs. These individuals constituted 59 per- cent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 8 percent of the faculty population in the 70 research-doctorate programs being evaluated.5 A majority of the survey participants had earned their highest degree prior to 1970, and almost half held the rank of full professor. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. - ssee Table 2.3 in Chapter II.

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147 of the scholarly quality of faculty in 69 zoology programs (and are given in Table 8.1). For each program the mean rating and ah associ ated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 8.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses. - 6 See pp. 31-33 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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148 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit Program Size (01) (02) (03) (04) Characteristics of Program Graduates (05) (06) (07) 001. Arizona State University-Tempe 24 28 43 .29 7.7 .54 .32 Zoology 53 51 54 48 44 42 51 002. Arizona, University of-Tucson 19 21 NA .24 7.3 .45 .20 General Biol ogy 4 8 4 7 46 4 8 35 43 003. Auburn University 33 30 51 .17 6.9 .77 .24 Zoology/~ntomology 61 52 57 42 52 59 46 004. Boston University 10 13 18 .83 7.2 .50 .25 Biol o By 005. California, University of-Irvine 15 15 18 .67 5.5 .92 .62 Scot & Evolut Biol/Devel & Cell Biology 44 44 44 67 66 71 70 006. California, University of-Berkeley Zool ogy 007. California, University of-Davis Zoology 008. California, University of-Los Angeles Biol ogy 009. Chicago, University of Biol ogy 010. Clemson University Zool ogy 011. Colorado State University-Fort Collins Zool ogy and Entomol ogy 012. Colorado, University of Environmental, Population, & Organismic Bio 013. Connecticut, University of-Storrs Biol ogical Sciences 014. Cornell University-Ithaca Zool ogy 015. Duke University Zoology 016. Florida, University of-Gainesville Zoology 017. Georgia, University of-Athens Zoology 018. Harvard University Biology (Organismic & Evolutionary J 019~. Hawaii, University of Zool ogy 020. Howard University Zool ogy * * indicates program was initiated since 1970. 29 105 58 92 20 30 49 52 42 77 70 77 11 14 40 44 14 7 43 40 33 22 61 48 16 43 45 59 16 15 45 44 10 6 39 39 24 47 53 61 33 20 61 47 27 34 56 54 46 54 74 65 24 21 53 47 14 25 43 50 78 68 31 49 115 83 15 43 23 46 38 52 27 48 25 47 63 62 78 68 50 57 76 67 39 52 45 55 .51 6.2 59 59 .19 6.8 43 54 .38 6.7 53 54 NA NA NA NA .11 8.0 39 41 .16 7.3 42 48 .36 7.8 52 43 NA NA 43 6.0 55 61 .18 6.0 43 61 .29 7.7 48 44 50 6.1 59 60 39 8.0 53 41 .31 10.1 .47 49 20 36 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. .72 .50 55 63 .61 .39 47 56 .63 .40 49 56 NA NA NA NA .47 .16 37 41 .50 .38 39 55 .50 .14 39 40 NA NA .71 .36 55 54 .44 .31 34 51 .84 .61 65 70 .60 .40 46 56 .72 .39 56 56 .07 35

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149 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library SUPpOr t Art icles _ Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 3.0 1.7 1.6 0.9 -0.3 .46 NA 17 .11 .08 .08 .08 53 51 73 55 44 55 50 59 002. 3.1 2.0 1.3 0.9 0.9 .26 7828 26 .09 .05 .11 .07 55 57 58 57 56 45 48 57 55 003. 1.9 1.4 1.1 0.2 NA .00 NA 6 .16 .14 .14 .04 39 44 45 35 32 42 40 004. 2.6 1.5 0.9 0.7 -0.4 .50 NA 5 .14 .10 .11 .06 48 47 35 49 44 57 41 41 005. 3.3 2.0 1~3 1.0 NA .60 6547 12 .13 .08 .10 .08 57 57 56 58 62 47 47 55 006. 4.4 2.5 1.0 1.4 2.2 .69 18977 73 .08 .06 .06 .07 70 69 42 71 69 67 66 93 87 007. 3.4 2.0 1.2 1.1 0.6 .50 18053 54 .09 .05 .09 .07 58 58 54 62 53 57 64 79 84 008. 4.1 2.4 1.2 1.3 2.0 .64 15581 30 .08 .07 .08 .07 67 67 51 69 66 64 60 60 68 009. 3.7 2.2 0.9 1.0 0.9 .55 17589 9 .13 .08 .09 .08 62 62 35 59 56 59 64 44 45 010. 1.9 1.2 1.4 0.5 NA .21 1275 6 .16 .11 .12 .07 40 39 60 45 43 38 42 40 011. 2.8 1.8 1.5 0.8 -1.1 .27 8863 21 .14 .06 .11 .08 50 ~ 52 66 53 37 46 50 53 59 012. 3.0 1.9 1.5 0.9 -0.9 .75 11967 20 .13 .07 .09 .08 54 55 68 55 39 70 55 53 58 013. 2.8 1.6 1.2 0.7 -0.5 .38 15199 9 .12 .09 .11 .07 50 48 51 49 43 51 60 44 46 014. 3.6 2.1 1.0 0.9 1.6 .00 14597 39 .14 .09 .11 .08 61 59 42 56 63 32 59 67 65 015. 4.1 2.4 1.3 1.3 0.3 .67 11320 29 .09 .06 .08 .07 67 67 56 67 51 65 54 60 55 016. 3.2 1.8 1.4 1.0 0.8 .46 3486 27 .10 .07 .08 .07 56 53 64 60 55 55 42 58 51 017. 3.5 2.0 1.3 1.1 0.4 .44 10714 24 .10 .06 .09 .07 59 58 56 63 52 54 53 56 56 018. 4.7 2.7 1.1 1.5 3.0 .74 34979 18 .06 .05 .07 .07 74 72 44 73 76 69 90 51 51 019. 2.6 1.6 1.1 0.6 -0.1 .29 4440 10 .12 .09 .12 .08 48 49 47 47 46 47 43 45 52 020. 1.6 1.0 NA 0.2 -0.4 .14 NA 0 .16 .17 NA .04 36 35 35 44 40 37 38 NOTE: On the first line clef data for _~7~rv nrr~ar~m row ~r:.lll_c F^r ah m=~=l''_ -~A __. ~ ~~''' F ~ '' v ~~ =~_~& 1~10~~ ~ =~ C L =~L ~~r on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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150 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology Characteristics of Prog Prouram Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. Idaho State University-Pocatello 12 10 12 .08 7.8 .58 .00 Biology 41 42 42 38 43 45 30 022. Indiana University-Bloomington 12 48 35 .35 7.0 .74 .54 Biol ogy 41 62 51 51 51 5 7 66 023. Iowa State University-Ames 20 25 19 . 15 6.3 .73 . 39 Zoology 49 50 45 41 58 56 55 024. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 24 15 50 .83 6.3 .46 .27 Zoology 53 44 57 75 58 35 48 .025. Kentucky, University of 21 7 11 NA NA NA NA Biol ogical Sciences 50 40 41 026. Louisiana State University-Baton Rouge 12 22 17 .13 6.9 .59 .27 Zool ogy and Physiol ogy 41 4 8 44 40 52 46 4 8 027. Louisville, University of 17 15 36 . 18 7 .0 .46 . 09 Biology 46 44 51 43 51 35 36 028. Maine, University of-Orono 20 17 16 .47 6.6 .36 .14 Zoology 49 45 43 5 7 55 28 40 029. Maryland, University of-College Park 35 43 41 .24 6.7 .62 .19 Zoology 63 59 53 46 54 48 43 030. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 18 39 32 .28 7.4 .97 .66 Zoology 47 57 50 48 47 75 73 031. Miami University-Ohio 24 13 12 NA NA NA NA Zoology * 53 43 42 032. Michigan State University-East Lansing 28 43 58 .38 6.2 .55 .27 Zoology 57 59 60 52 59 43 48 033. Minnesota, University of 14 23 15 .32 8.2 .63 .08 Ecol & Behavioral Biol/Genetics & Cell Biol 43 49 43 50 39 48 36 034. Mississippi State University-Starkville 15 12 8 .23 6.9 .54 .23 Biol ogical Sciences 44 43 40 45 52 42 45 035. Nebraska, University of-Lincoln 15 20 21 .18 7.3 .68 .29 life. Sciences 44 47 45 43 49 53 49 036. New Hampshire, University of 17 29 13 .12 7.2 .62 .12 Zoology 46 52 42 40 49 48 38 037. North Carolina State University-Raleigh 15 27 29 .30 8.3 .70 .15 Zoology 44 51 49 49 38 54 40 038. North Carolina, University of-Chapel Hill 23 29 38 .31 6.3 .85 .46 Zoology 52 52 52 49 59 65 60 039. North Dakota, University of-Grand Forks 12 5 10 NA NA NA NA Biology 41 39 41 040. Notre Dame, University of 17 18 21 .42 7.2 .78 .39 Biology 46 46 45 55 49 60 56 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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151 TABLE 8.1 Program -Measures (Raw and Standardized Values ) in Zoology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog survey Results Library support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 021. 1.7 1.0 1.2 0.4 NA .17 NA 5 .16 .12 .13 .06 37 35 49 41 41 41 39 022. 3.2 2.0 0.7 0.8 0.9 .50 NA 10 .11 .07 .10 .07 56 57 26 53 56 57 45 46 023. 2.7 1.8 1.4 0.6 -0.5 .35 5287 14 .12 .08 .11 .07 50 53 61 48 43 50 45 48 50 024. 3.3 1.9 1.4 0.9 0.3 .71 7088 4 .09 .07 .08 .07 57 55 63 57 50 67 47 40 44 025. 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.4 -0.1 .48 484 9 .17 .11 .15 .06 44 41 45 40 47 56 37 44 43 026. 1.6 1.2 1.1 0.4 -0.3 .25 5116 24 .16 .14 .14 .06 36 39 47 41 44 45 44 56 53 027. 1.6 1.0 0.8 0.2 NA .12 NA 0 .18 .15 .13 .05 36 35 33 37 38 37 38 028. 2.3 1.4 1.4 0.5 NA .40 NA 14 .13 .13 .12 .07 45 43 60 44 52 48 48 029. 3.2 1.9 1.3 1.0 0.2 .26 1623 22 .09 .07 .10 .07 56 54 56 58 49 45 39 54 55 030. 2.8 1.8 1.0 0.8 -0.7 .44 3022 20 .11 .08 .11 .07 51 52 43 53 41 54 41 53 55 031. 2.2 1.4 1.0 0.5 - 0.8 .33 NA 10 .13 .11 .08 .06 43 - 44 44 45 40 49 45 42 032. 3.0 1.9 1.2 0.8 0.3 .43 10357 30 .13 .08 .11 .08 53 54 50 52 51 54 52 60 57 033. 2.9 1.9 1.0 0.7 1.2 .29 13696 28 .14 .09 .13 .08 51 55 42 49 59 47 58 59 57 034. 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.2 NA .13 2839 16 .18 .16 .11 .05 35 32 39 37 39 41 50 46 035. 2.4 1.4 1.2 0.5 -0.5 .40 2965 6 .14 .11 .10 .07 45 44 50 45 43 52 41 42 40 036. 2.2 1.5 1.3 0.4 NA .24 NA 6 .13 .12 .09 .07 43 45 58 42 44 42 43 037. 2.5 1.6 1.2 0.5 NA .20 6741 16 .14 .11 .10 .07 47 48 49 44 42 47 50 47 038. 3.4 2.0 1.3 1.0 1.0 .57 9849 15 .09 .05 .10 .07 58 57 58 59 57 60 52 49 44 039. 1.4 0.9 1.1 0.3 NA .17 NA 5 .18 .14 .09 .06 33 32 48 38 41 41 40 040. 2.7 1.7 1.0 0.6 -1.3 .47 NA 7 .14 .09 .09 .07 49 50 42 48 34 56 43 48 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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152 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 041. Ohio State University-Columbus 41 42 63 .16 6.0 .65 .16 Zoology 69 59 62 42 61 50 41 042. Ohio University-Athens 19 10 30 NA NA NA NA Zoology/Microbiology 48 42 49 043. Oklahoma State University-Stillwater 15 6 17 NA NA NA NA Zoology 44 39 44 044. Oklahoma, University of-Norman 25 22 7 .23 8.0 .64 .18 Zool ogy 54 4 8 40 45 41 49 42 045. Oregon State University-Corvallis 16 24 13 .22 8.9 .48 .17 Zool ogy 45 49 42 45 32 3 7 42 046. Oregon, University of-Eugene 17 3 5 NA NA NA NA Biology 46 38 39 047. Pennsylvania State University 16 4 6 NA NA NA NA Zool ogy 45 3 8 39 048. Rhode Island, University of 20 15 32 .40 7.5 .70 .20 Zoology 49 44 50 54 46 54 43 049. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick 34 36 90 .35 7.4 .56 .33 Zoology 62 55 73 51 47 44 52 050. Rutgers, The State University-Newark 19 27 46 .12 6.4 .68 .24 Zool ogy and Phys~ol ogy * 4 8 51 55 40 5 8 53 46 051. SUNY-College of Environ Science & Forestry 19 25 22 .29 6.9 .67 .25 ~ Environmental and Forest Biology 48 50 46 ~ 48 52 52 47 052. South Florida, University of-Tampa 11 16 21 .23 7.8 .77 .39 Biol o By 053. Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 24 16 19 .19 9.7 .63 .19 Zoology 53 45 45 43 24 4 8 43 054. Stanford University 9 16 15 .90 6.5 .70 . 60 Biological Sciences 38 45 43 79 56 54 69 055. Syracuse University 5 8 11 NA NA NA NA Biol ogy * 34 40 41 056. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 30 27 28 .35 6.7 .73 .46 Zoology 58 51 48 51 54 56 60 057. Texas A & M University 12 10 26 .00 6.3 .73 .18 Biology 41 42 4 7 34 5 8 56 42 058. Texas Tech University-Lubbock 16 14 12 .08 5.9 .85 .31 Biological Sciences 45 44 42 38 62 65 50 059. Texas, University of-Austin 45 70 80 .74 6.2 .63 .47 Zool ogy 73 74 69 71 59 49 61 060. Utah State University-Logan 41 30 51 .33 6.8 .56 .22 Biology 69 52 57 50 54 43 45 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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153 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology Prog Survey Results No. (08) (09) (10) 041. 3.1 1.9 1.3 55 54 58 042. 1.7 1.1 0.9 37 37 39 043. 1.9 1.3 1.1 39 40 44 044. 2.6 1.7 1.2 48 52 53 045. 3.0 1.8 1.4 54 52 61 046. 3.1 55 047. 2.5 46 048. 2.2 43 049. 2.7 50 050. 2.2 43 051. 2.7 50 052. 2.0 41 053. 2.1 42 054. 4.0 66 055. 2.7 50 056. 2.7 49 057. 1.8 38 058. 2.4 46 059. 4.0 65 060. 2.6 48 1.8 54 1.5 47 1.4 44 1.8 54 1.6 47 1.8 52 1.3 42 1.3 42 2.2 63 1.6 47 1.7 50 1.2 40 1.4 44 2.3 64 1.7 50 NOTE: On the ~ irst 1.0 42 1.0 42 1.0 44 1.2 50 NA (11) 1.0 57 0.4 42 0.4 42 0.6 48 0.9 56 0.9 55 0.6 46 0.5 45 0.6 46 0.2 37 1.1 0.2 48 37 1.2 0.5 52 44 1.1 0.5 49 43 1.0 1.2 41 65 0.9 0.7 35 50 1.3 0.6 58 49 1.0 0.4 39 40 1.4 0.4 63 43 1.2 1.2 53 65 1.4 0.4 60 42 1 ine of data University Research Library Supper t (12) (13) (14) 0.9 .27 8330 56 46 49 NA .26 NA 45 .20 3127 42 41 .32 NA 48 1 .9 29 -0.6 42 NA 0.9 38 0.7 54 NA 0.8 55 NA NA NA 0.2 46 2.0 67 0.3 44 0.4 43 0.5 43 NA 1.6 63 NA Published Articles (15) (16) 17 50 51 44 42 6 42 40 24 56 54 .63 7108 24 63 4 7 56 56 .53 NA 59 .38 8024 51 49 .15 NA 40 38 48 .21 NA 43 .09 NA 37 .13 NA 39 NA 12 514 56 NA NA .23 NA 44 .17 3199 41 41 .19 NA 42 .64 5757 64 45 .10 NA 37 11 46 13 47 14 48 .15 7505 30 40 48 60 .11 7505 3 40 41 8 43 40 11 46 8 43 15 49 22 54 20 53 19 52 16 50 47 52 49 55 44 40 42 39 46 44 49 49 50 57 47 Survey Rat ings _ Standard Error (08) (09) (10) (11) .11 .06 .07 .0 7 .16 .12 .17 .18 .12 .10 .13 .07 .11 .09 .07 .11 .10 .08 .09 .07 .13 .11 .07 .07 .13 .08 .11 .08 .12 .12 .06 .07 .07 .08 .16 .15 .09 .07 .08 . 17 . 10 .0 7 .08 .06 .11 .07 NA .05 .05 .07 .07 .07 .08 .07 .18 .13 .17 .06 . 15 . 14 . 11 .0 8 .09 .06 .07 07 .15 .13 .12 .06 I for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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154 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 061. Utah State University-Logan 11 17 24 .15 8.3 .77 .31 Range Science 40 45 47 41 39 59 50 062. Vanderbilt University 6 4 5 NA NA NA NA General Biology 35 38 39 063. Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ 26 27 22 .27 7.5 .73 .18 Biology 55 51 46 47 46 56 42 064. Washington State University-Pullman 23 15 15 .40 6.5 NA NA Zoology 52 44 43 54 56 065. Washington, University of-Seattle 32 36 12 .61 7.1 .75 .47 Zoology 60 55 42 64 50 58 61 066. Wayne State University 10 NA NA .19 9.8 .50 .19 Zoology 39 43 23 39 43 067. Wisconsin, University of-Madison 27 60 70 .36 7.2 .79 .45 Zoology 56 68 65 52 49 61 59 068. Wisconsin, University of-Milwaukee 14 NA NA NA NA NA NA Zool ogy 43 069. Wyoming, University of 18 21 13 .23 5.0 .62 .15 Zoology 47 47 42 45 71 48 40 070. Yale University 58 6S 107 .80 5.9 .84 .56 Biol ogy/Human Genetics/Geol ogy-Pal eontol ogy 86 71 80 74 62 64 6 7 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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155 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Zoology University Research Pub, ished Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results _ Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. NA NA NA 0.1 NA .09 NA 16 NA NA NA .04 34 37 50 47 062. 1.4 0.9 NA 0.2 - 0.7 NA 5204 0 .24 .19 NA .05 33 32 37 40 44 37 38 063. 2.8 1.8 1.5 0.7 -0.0 .31 3108 13 .14 .10 .09 .07 51 53 65 51 47 48 41 47 44 064. 2.8 1.8 1.3 0.7 -0.3 .48 998 14 .12 .10 .10 .07 51 52 55 49 45 56 38 48 46 065. 4.3 2.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 .72 14164 60 .08 .06 .07 .07 69 70 69 73 61 68 5 8 83 83 066. 1.5 35 067. 4.0 66 068. 2.0 40 069. 1.9 40 070. 4.2 69 69 49 66 68 71 43 52 56 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50' and standard deviation = 10. GINA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure. 0.9 0.8 32 29 2.3 1.0 65 44 1.1 1.1 38 44 1.3 1.4 42 60 2.5 1.2 69 49 f irst line NA 0.4 44 1.6 62 NA 0.3 40 1.2 65 0.4 43 0.4 40 1.3 66 of data for every program, raw values for .50 6372 8 5 7 46 43 .44 19738 26 54 67 57 .14 NA NA 40 .17 41 2.1 .78 68 71 NA 4337 43 46 55 NA 8 43 43 19 52 .18 .16 .18 .09 .07 .06 .20 .14 .12 .13 .11 .12 .09 .06 .08 .06 .07 .07 .06 .07

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156 measure Program Size 01 Raw Value Std Value 02 Raw Value Std Value 03 Raw Value Std Value Program Graduates 04 Raw Value Std Value 05 Raw Value Std Value 06 Raw Value Std Value 07 Raw Value Std Value Survey Results 08 Raw Value Std Value 09 Raw Value Std Value 10 Raw Value Std Value 11 Raw Value Std Value University Library 12 Raw Value Std Value Research Support 13 Raw Value Std Value 14 Raw Value Std Value Publication Records 15 Raw Value Std Value 16 Std Value TABLE 8.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Zoology Number of Programs Standard __ _ D E C I L E S _ Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 70 21 70 50 68 26 68 50 67 33 67 50 57 .33 57 50 57 7.1 57 50 56 .65 56 50 56 .30 56 50 69 2.7 69 50 69 1.7 69 50 66 1.2 66 50 70 .7 70 50 49 49 .3 50 67 .36 67 50 44 8806 44 50 69 69 69 10 10 19 10 25 10 7 40 41 .20 .12 10 40 1.0 B.3 10 38 .13 .46 10 35 .15 .13 10 39 .8 10 .4 10 .2 10 .4 10 10 .20 10 6503 10 16 13 50 10 50 10 1.6 36 1.0 35 .9 37 .2 36 _ 9 39 .11 38 2109 40 5 41 40 1 2 3 11 12 15 40 41 44 15 44 9 12 15 43 1C 41 13 43 12 42 .16 .19 42 43 7.8 7.5 43 46 .50 .56 38 43 .17 .19 41 43 1.9 40 1.3 42 1.0 42 .4 42 2.2 43 1.4 44 1.0 42 .4 42 .6 - .4 41 43 16 40 3123 41 6 42 42 .20 42 4575 44 9 44 44 7 8 16 19 45 48 17 21 45 47 19 24 45 47 .23 .29 45 48 7.2 7.0 49 51 .62 .63 48 48 .23 .27 45 48 2.5 2.7 47 50 1.6 1.7 48 51 1.1 1.2 47 52 .5 .6 45 47 -.3 -.1 44 46 .26 .31 45 48 6126 7108 46 47 11 14 46 48 46 48 9 20 24 49 53 25 29 50 52 30 38 49 52 .32 .36 50 52 6.8 6.5 53 56 .69 .72 53 55 .32 .39 51 56 2.8 3.1 51 55 1.8 1.9 53 55 1.2 1.3 52 57 .7 .9 50 56 .4 .8 51 55 .41 .47 53 56 28 34 57 62 36 47 55 61 50 72 57 66 .41 .63 54 65 6.3 6.0 58 61 .75 .81 58 62 .44 .52 59 65 3.3 4.0 57 66 2.0 2.3 58 64 1.4 1.4 62 62 1.0 1.2 59 65 1.0 1.7 57 64 .52 .65 S8 65 8146 10643 13790 16786 49 53 58 62 16 20 50 53 50 54 24 29 56 60 56 58 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only data in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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157 TABLE 8.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 70 Programs in Zoology Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Program Size 01 .66 .78 .26 .34 .05 .23 .53 .56 .35 .50 .48 .34 .20 .32 .36 02 .78 .27 .25 .19 .44 .66 .68 .09 .62 .60 .50 .42 .56 .59 03 .27 .26 .00 .31 .52 .53 .10 .50 .56 .34 .28 .32 .34 Program Graduates 04 .26 .07 .48 .58 .53 -.11 .53 .49 .61 .21 .08 .16 05 .24 .36 .39 .40 .19 .34 .43 .26 .08 .20 .18 06 .64 .25 .30 -.12 .17 .16 .05 -.04 .10 .11 07 .63 .63 -.05 .60 .40 .S6 .19 .32 .41 Survey Results 08 .98 .19 .95 .78 .72 .65 .59 .64 of .21 .91 .75 .66 .63 .61 .66 JO .22 -.08 .14 -.16 .20 .24 11 .74 .77 .62 .62 .68 University Library 12 .39 .63 .50 .47 Research Support 13 14 Publication Records 15 16 .35 .46 .43 .46 .94 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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158 s.o++ + + + + * * + * + * + * * 4.0++ * + + + * + * + * + * * + * * + - * * * Measure + 3.0++ 08 + + + 2.0++ 1 . 0++ + + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * ** * * * * r = .51 O.O +/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 8.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--69 programs in zoology.

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159 3 . 0++ . 2 . 0++ Measure + O 9 + 1. 0++ + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * ** * * * * * * * * ** * * * * ** * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * r ~ +/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/+++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 8.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last f ive years (measure 02) --67 programs in zoology.

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160 TABLE 8.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Zoology Respondents N Field of Specialization % Cell Biology 17 14 Ecology 35 29 Physiology, Animal/Human 14 11 Zoology 33 27 Other/Unknown 24 20 Faculty Rank Professor 55 45 Associate Professor 45 37 Assistant Professor 23 19 heir ~t Highest Degree Pre-1950 7 6 1950-59 16 13 1960-69 50 41 Post-1969 49 40 Unknown 1 1 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 105 85 Other 18 15 Survey Form With Faculty Names 110 89 Without Names 13 11 Total Evaluators 123 100 l

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161 Mean Survey Rating (measure 08) FIGURE 8.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 69 programs in zoology. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of +1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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