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IV Civil Engineering Programs In this chapter 74 research-doctorate programs in civil engineering are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities r have accounted for 1,583 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 97 percent of the aggregate number of civil, sanitary, and environmental engineering doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span.t On the average, 35 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 20 members.2 Only 5 of the programs were initiated since 1970, and only one institution--Vanderbilt University--had two civil engi- neering programs included in the assessment. In addition to the 73 institutions represented in this discipline, another 2 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: Harvard University University of North Chapel Hill Carolina-- Civil engineering programs at these two institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at - in civil engineering or by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 4.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter IT, in which each of the 16 that time have a research-doctorate program failed to provide the information requested data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 1,293 research doctorates in civil engineering and another 341 research doctorates in sanitary and environmental engineering were awarded by O.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 4.2. 3As mentioned in Chapter T. the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded 6 or more doctorates in civil engineering during the FY1976-78 period. 51

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52 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 4.2. For 10 of the mea- sures, data are reported for at least 67 of the 74 civil engineering programs. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for only approximately three- fifths of the programs; the other two-fifths had too few graduates on which to base statistics.4 For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data are available for 56 programs; for measure 13, the fraction of faculty members with research support from the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration, data are reported for 61 programs that had at least 10 faculty members. The programs not evaluated on measures 12 and 13 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other civil engineering programs. Were data on these two measures available for all 74 programs, it is likely that their reported means would be appreciably lower (and that some of the correlations of these measures with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 16 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 4.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of faculty size (01) and numbers of recent program graduates (02) with measures of publication records (15, 16) and reputational survey ratings (08, 09~. Figure 4.1 illus- trates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 74 programs in civil engineering. Figure 4.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 4.4 describes the 129 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of civil engineering programs. These individuals consti- tuted 58 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this dis- cipline and 9 percent of the faculty population in the 74 research- doctorate programs being evaluated.S Approximately one-fourth of the survey participants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and a majority held the rank of full professor. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 74 civil engineering programs (and are given in Table 4.1~. For each program the mean rating and an 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. s see Table 2.3 in Chapter lI.

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53 associated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 4.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not-overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings, at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses. r 6 See pp. 29-31 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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54 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 001. Arizona, University of-Tucson Civil Engineering 002. Brown University Engineering 003. California Institute of Technology Engineering and Appl fed Science 004. California, University of-Berkeley Civil Engineering 005. California, University of-Davis Civil Engineering 006. California, University of-Los Angeles Engineering and Appl fed Science 007. Carnegie-Mellon University Civil Engineering 008. Cincinnati, University of Civil and Environmental Engineering 009. Clemson University Civil Engineering 010. Colorado State University-Fort Collins Civil Engineering 011. Colorado, University of Civil Engineering 012. Columbia University Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics 013. Connecticut, University of-Storrs Civil Engineering 014. Cornell University-Ithaca Civil and Environmental Engineering 015. Drexel University Civil Engineering* 016. Duke University Civil Engineering 017. Florida, University of-Gainesville Civil Engineering 018 . Georgia Institute of Technology Civil Engineering 019. Houston, University of Civil Engineering 020. Illinois Institute of Technology Civil Engineering * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) tO2) (03) 14 7 45 44 8 9 41 45 8 10 41 45 57 161 79 99 25 21 141 54 50 78 22 36 52 56 19 12 49 46 14 4 45 43 13 2 45 42 49 80 73 73 32 47 60 60 14 1 45 42 11 6 43 44 16 18 47 49 31 15 59 47 13 17 45 48 7 9 40 45 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) 15 45 12 44 30 .18 49 57 187 .13 91 50 .10 46 82 63 15 45 15 45 8 43 76 61 15 85 47 63 24 51 25 47 9 11 45 44 73 60 20 46 29 48 177 88 21 46 NA NA NA NA .04 7.9 38 41 NA NA NA NA NA .09 6.9 44 50 .05 7.2 40 47 .11 5.5 47 64 .08 7.5 44 44 .23 62 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA .82 62 7.2 .72 47 52 6.3 .65 56 46 NA NA 6.9 .82 51 61 .27 57 .18 48 .25 55 .73 .19 53 50 NA NA NA NA NA .68 .18 48 49 .83 .44 63 73 .50 32 .91 70 .17 47 .27 57 .21 51 NA NA NA NA .22 7.8 .58 .13 61 41 40 44 .15 9.0 .77 .15 53 30 57 46 17 NA NA 45 10 43 NA NA .00 6.5 .58 .08 33 54 . 40 40 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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55 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering Survey Results (08) (09) (10) (11) 2.2 44 3.3 58 003. 4.5 71 004. 4.8 75 005. 3.1 55 006. 3.3 58 007. 3.3 57 008. 1.6 38 009. 2.0 42 010. 3.6 61 011. 2.9 53 012. 3.3 57 013. 1.9 41 014. 4.1 66 015. 2.0 42 2.6 50 2.3 45 3.3 57 2.1 43 1.7 39 1.3 43 2.0 59 2.6 71 2.7 74 1.8 55 1.9 57 1.8 55 1.0 39 1.0 38 2.1 62 1.7 54 2.0 59 1.1 40 2.4 66 1.0 39 1.5 49 1.4 47 1.9 56 1.2 42 1.1 39 1.1 55 0.7 37 1.0 49 1.0 51 1.4 68 1.0 51 1.2 59 1.1 54 1.0 49 1.2 59 1.2 56 0.7 38 0.9 46 1.3 60 1.2 57 1.0 49 0.9 44 1.3 61 1.4 66 0.4 24 0.6 45 0.7 48 1.3 66 1.7 79 0.9 55 1.0 58 1.1 60 0.3 38 0.5 43 1.0 59 0.9 53 0.7 49 0.5 42 1.5 71 0.6 46 0.7 49 0.4 41 1.0 57 0.5 44 0.6 47 University Library (12) 0.9 57 1 . 1 38 NA 2.2 70 0.6 55 2.0 68 NA 0.2 g6 NA 1 . 1 37 O. . 9 40 1.7 66 0 . 5 43 1.6 64 NA 0.3 52 0.8 56 NA -O. . 9 39 NA Research Published Support Articles (13) (14) (15) (16) .07 5261 22 41 47 60 NA 3497 0 45 38 NA 8339 10 50 48 .40 16448 38 64 60 76 .32 3136 13 5 8 44 51 .55 6168 8 74 48 46 .26 6409 4 54 4 8 42 .00 2360 1 36 44 39 .31 4356 8 5 7 46 46 .20 8604 53 50 51 91 .35 1849 8 60 43 46 .40 5375 1 64 47 39 .06 4069 10 40 46 48 .38 13206 33 62 56 71 .14 2649 8 46 44 46 .18 NA 2 49 40 .06 13686 16 40 56 54 .29 29270 18 56 74 56 .15 5015 6 47 47 44 NA NA 5 43 54 38 53 75 51 46 43 40 48 82 48 47 Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) .13 .10 .18 .10 .08 .06 .05 .05 .10 .06 .11 .06 .09 .06 .16 .12 .16 .13 .10 .06 .06 .08 (10) (11) .11 .06 .10 .08 .04 .08 .07 .05 .08 .07 .08 .08 .08 .07 .13 .12 .08 .06 .06 .07 .07 .14 .08 .09 .08 38 .12 .11 .12 .07 .09 .06 .07 .07 .17 .13 .12 .07 71 49 41 55 60 ~4 45 .12 .08 .11 .07 .12 .11 .15 .07 .09 .05 .09 .07 .15 .12 .11 .07 .16 .11 .10 .07 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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56 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 67 79 130 .10 6.7 .72 .32 Civil Engineering 87 73 75 46 52 53 61 022 . Iowa State University-Ames 19 15 24 NA 5 .9 .90 .10 Civil Engineering 49 47 47 60 69 41 023. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 19 17 26 .00 6.7 .75 .31 Civil and Environmental Engineering 49 48 48 33 53 SS 61 024. Johns Hopkins University 5 NA 2 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 38 41 025. Kansas, University of 23 16 22 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 53 48 47 026. Lehigh University 19 8 11 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 49 45 44 027. Maryland, University of-College Park 19 10 35 .10 6.2 .70 .10 Civil Engineering 49 45 50 46 58 51 41 028. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 53 85 91 .20 5.1 .60 .29 Civil Engineering 76 75 65 59 68 41 58 029. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 19 21 16 .19 8.5 .75 .20 Civil Engineering 49 50 45 58 34 55 50 030. Michigan State University-East Lansing 17 13 15 .20 6.5 NA NA Civil and Sanitary Engineering 48 47 45 59 54 031. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor 23 24 39 .26 7.0 .63 .11 Civil Engineering 53 51 51 67 49 44 42 032. Minnesota, University of 17 12 22 .15 7.2 .69 .23 Civil and Mineral Engineering 48 46 47 53 48 50 53 033 . Missour i, Univers ity of-Columbia 9 12 8 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 42 46 43 034. Missouri, University of-Rolla 21 17 21 .11 7.5 .67 .22 Civil Engineering 51 48 46 47 44 48 52 035. New Jersey Institute of Technology 25 4 NA NA NA NA NA Civil and Environmental Engineering* 54 43 036. New Mexico, University of-Albuquerque 16 6 13 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 47 44 44 037. North Carolina State University-Raleigh 30 20 28 .21 7.8 .86 .09 Civil Engineering 58 49 48 60 42 66 40 038. Northwestern University 30 51 29 .23 5.9 .55 .14 Civil Engineering 58 62 48 62 60 37 45 039. Notre Dame, University of 7 10 6 .29 6 .6 .62 .31 Civil Engineering 40 45 42 70 53 43 60 040 . Ohio State University-Columbus 14 24 55 .00 6 .1 .48 .04 Civil Engineering 45 51 55 33 58 30 36 * indicates program was initiated s ince 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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57 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering Prog No. (08) 021. 4.5 72 022. 2.7 51 023. 2.7 50 024. 1.4 35 025. 2.7 50 026. 3.4 59 027. 2.3 46 028. 4.7 74 029. 2.7 50 030. 2.4 47 031. 3.7 61 032. 2.7 51 033. 2.2 45 034. 2.3 46 035. 1.5 37 036. 2.2 45 037. 3.0 54 038. 3.9 64 039. 1.9 41 040. 2.7 51 Survev Results (09) (10) 2.6 72 1.6 51 1.7 52 0.8 33 1.5 49 1.9 57 1.5 48 2.6 72 1.7 52 1.5 48 2.1 62 1.6 50 1.4 47 1.5 48 0.9 35 0.9 44 0.9 45 0.9 43 0.7 34 1.3 63 0.9 45 1.1 54 0.9 46 1.3 63 0.8 39 0.9 44 0.9 47 1.0 48 1.0 48 NA 1.3 1.0 43 49 1.7 1.1 52 52 2.3 1.1 65 54 1.2 0.7 42 36 1.7 0.8 52 39 University ; Library (11) (12) 1.5 2.0 73 68 0. 8 -0.5 51 43 0.6 0.3 47 51 0.4 -0.4 39 44 0.7 0.1 50 49 1.1 60 0.7 47 1.6 76 0.8 5 0.6 46 NA 0.2 50 0 . 3 45 -0 . 7 41 0.3 52 1.2 1.8 62 66 0.7 1.2 49 60 0.5 -0.2 43 46 0.7 NA 48 0.3 36 NA 0.5 -1.0 44 39 0.8 NA 51 1.3 65 0.5 44 0.7 48 0.3 51 -1.3 35 0.9 57 Research Published Support Articles (13) (14) (15) (16) .30 18980 57 62 .11 8330 43 50 .21 2117 51 43 NA 1741 43 .09 1707 42 43 .16 4568 3 4 7 46 41 .16 3519 14 47 45 52 .38 59143 31 62 99 69 .26 2256 16 54 43 54 .29 2247 9 56 43 4 7 .35 19835 12 60 63 50 .29 8726 10 56 51 48 NA 1976 8 43 46 .14 3606 8 46 45 46 .08 NA 0 47 38 .06 6575 40 48 .10 8416 43 50 .47 5170 68 47 NA 1544 43 .21 10926 51 53 33 71 21 59 57 10 48 4 42 41 70 46 42 40 38 56 58 53 51 50 48 47 48 38 3 41 41 14 52 26 64 10 48 10 48 51 69 51 53 Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) ( .07 .05 .07 .13 .08 .13 .09 .28 .19 .14 .10 .11 .07 .07 .12 .08 .10 (11) .06 .07 .07 .15 .07 .09 .07 .08 .06 .07 .07 .07 .06 .11 .07 .09 .07 .13 .11 .15 .09 .06 .07 .13 .09 .10 .07 .09 .09 .08 .20 .12 .13 .10 .09 NA .09 .11 .07 .08 .07 .07 .07 .06 .07 .07 .11 .07 .08 .07 .17 .10 .13 .07 .11 .07 .09 .06 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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58 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering ~ - Characteristics of Prog Prouram Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 041. Oklahoma State University-Stillwater 18 34 26 .03 7.0 .57 .14 Civil Engineering 49 55 48 36 49 39 45 042. Oklahoma, University of-Norman 15 28 16 .15 6.3 .50 .00 Civil Engineering and Environmental Science 46 53 45 53 57 32 32 043. Oregon State University-Corvallis 20 7 20 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 50 44 46 044. Pennsylvania State University 15 17 18 .09 9.0 .73 .46 Civil Engineering 46 48 46 45 30 53 74 045. Pennsylvania, University of 10 6 9 NA NA NA NA Civil and Urban Engineering 42 44 43 046. Pittsburgh, University of 17 20 38 .08 6.1 .62 .08 Civil Engineering 48 49 51 43 58 43 39 047. Polytech Institute of New York 9 6 22 NA NA NA NA Civil and Environmental Engineering 42 44 47 048. Princeton University 20 15 38 .13 5.3 .60 .20 Civil Engineering 50 47 51 49 66 41 50 049. Purdue University-West Lafayette 54 69 84 .09 6.4 .70 .22 Civil Engineering 77 69 63 44 56 50 52 050. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 14 6 25 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 45 44 47 051. Rhode Island, University of 9 2 4 NA NA NA NA Civil and Environmental Engineering* 42 42 42 052. Rice University 6 4 9 ~ NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 39 43 43 053. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick 13 12 67 .17 9.3 .58 .00 Civil and Environmental Engineering 45 46 59 55 26 40 32 054. SUNY at Buffalo 15 12 32 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 46 46 49 055. Southern California, University of 16 19 32 .14 9.2 .67 .08 Civil Engineering 47 49 49 52 28 48 40 056. Stanford University 24 58 60 .12 6.4 .74 .29 Civil Engineering 53 65 57 48 55 54 58 057. Syracuse University 11 7 8 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 43 44 43 058. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 13 14 16 .07 5.5 .79 .36 Civil Engineering* 45 4 7 45 42 64 59 65 059. Texas A & M University 39 29 35 .10 8.0 .73 .40 Civil Engineering 65 53 50 46 39 54 69 060. Texas Tech University-l,ubbock 11 10 6 NA NA NA NA Civil Engineering 43 45 42 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean ~ 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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59 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survev Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 2.3 1.4 0.9 0.6 -1.9 .00 4120 7 .15 .10 .11 .07 45 4 7 4 7 44 29 36 46 45 4 7 042. 2.1 1.4 0.8 0.4 -0.6 .00 1834 5 .13 .10 .09 .06 43 46 39 41 43 36 43 43 3 8 043. 2.5 1.5 1.2 0.6 NA .30 3128 16 .11 .09 .10 .07 48 49 59 47 57 44 54 54 044. 2.5 1.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 .07 22901 17 .13 .09 .10 .07 4 8 50 40 50 55 41 6 7 55 5 7 045. 2.4 1.5 0.9 0.6 0.7 .20 4579 5 .18 .10 .10 .07 46 4 8 44 45 55 50 46 43 42 046. 2.3 1.3 0.9 0.5 0.1 .24 2794 6 .14 .10 .11 .06 46 45 45 43 49 52 44 44 45 047. 1.7 1.2 0.6 0.3 NA NA 5310 6 .17 .11 .10 .05 39 43 34 38 47 44 47 048. 3.6 2.1 1.3 1.1 0.9 .45 6358 10 .09 .06 .08 .07 61 60 60 62 5 7 6 7 4 8 4 8 44 049. 3.9 2.2 1.1 1.4 -0.5 .20 17331 23 .10 .07 .07 .07 64 63 54 6 8 43 50 61 61 66 050. 2.8 1.6 1.4 0.9 NA .29 7849 9 .12 .07 .11 .08 51 50 67 53 56 50 47 51 051. 1.5 0.8 NA 0.3 NA NA 2611 5 .18 .17 NA .06 36 35 3 8 44 43 43 052. 2.8 1.5 0.8 0.7 -1.4 NA 1782 5 .16 .09 .07 .08 52 49 42 49 34 43 43 42 053. 1.9 1.1 0.8 0.5 0.8 .00 1877 13 .13 .08 .08 .06 41 41 42 43 56 36 43 51 51 054. 2.3 1.4 0.9 0.6 0.3 .13 3019 14 .12 .09 .11 .07 46 46 46 46 51 45 44 52 51 055. 2.7 1.5 1.1 0.6 0.4 .31 18269 9 .12 .08 .09 .07 50 49 52 47 52 58 62 47 50 056. 4.1 2.5 1.1 1.4 2.0 .58 25196 17 .09 .06 .07 .07 6 7 70 52 69 6 8 77 70 55 53 057. 1.9 1.2 1.0 0.4 -0.3 .36 4063 7 .16 .10 .13 .06 40 43 49 40 45 61 46 45 4 7 058. 2.2 1.3 1.2 0.5 -0.4 .00 4266 4 .13 .09 .11 .06 44 45 5 7 42 44 36 46 42 41 059. 3.2 1.8 1.2 0.8 -0.5 .03 18988 7 .10 .08 .09 .07 56 55 59 53 44 3 8 62 45 45 060. 1.7 1.0 1.1 0.4 NA .18 5513 5 .15 .12 .09 .07 39 37 53 40 49 47 43 46 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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60 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 061. Texas, University of-Arlington Civil Engineering* 062. Texas, University of-Austin Civil Engineering 063. Tulane University Civil Engineering 064. Utah State University-Logan Civil and Environmental Engineering 065. Utah, University of-Salt Lake City Civil Engineering 066. Vanderbilt University Civil and Environmental Engineering 067. Vanderbilt University Enviror~nental and Water Resources Engin 068. Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ Civil Engineering 069. Virginia, University of Civil Engineering 070. Washington University-Saint Louis Civil Engineering 071. Washington, University of-Seattle Civil Engineering 072. Wayne State University Civil Engineering 073. West Virginia University Civil Engineering 074. Wisconsin, University of-Madison Civil and Environmental Engineering * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 14 6 45 44 42 62 67 66 8 2 41 42 20 21 50 50 10 13 42 47 5 6 38 44 10 12 42 46 29 17 57 48 15 10 46 45 7 13 40 47 42 67 9 42 16 47 29 37 57 56 - - Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) 28 48 69 59 42 30 .21 49 60 11 .00 44 33 2 41 18 46 15 45 14 44 8 43 43 41 59 52 8 7 45 43 11 NA 46 43 52 NA NA .09 6. 45 NA 56 NA 7.5 44 7.5 44 NA NA .27 7.0 69 49 .05 6.4 40 55 NA NA .08 5~5 44 64 .15 6. 53 NA 52 NA .21 7.5 61 44 .24 6.7 64 53 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. NA NA .56 .13 37 44 NA NA .74 .21 54 51 NA NA NA NA .91 .27 70 57 .72 .22 53 52 NA NA .67 .17 48 47 .75 .11 55 42 NA NA .71 .00 52 32 .75 .25 55 55

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61 TABLE 4.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Civil Engineering University Research Published Surrey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) {15) (16) (08) (09) (10) {11) 061. 1.6 1.0 1.0 0.4 NA .00 NA 0 .22 '13 .10 .06 37 38 51 39 36 38 38 062. 4.2 2.3 1.7 1.5 1.6 .26 10517 27 .08 .05 .06 .06 67 65 80 71 64 54 53 65 66 063. 1.5 0.8 0.9 0.4 -1.0 NA NA 1 .14 .08 .08 .06 36 35 46 40 38 39 40 064. 2.7 1.7 1.2 0.4 NA .00 5S13 27 .14 .10 .14 .07 50 53 57 41 36 47 65 71 065. 1.7 1.2 1.1 0.3 -0.6 .10 7123 0 .17 .11 .19 .06 39 43 52 38 42 43 49 38 38 066. 1.4 0.8 0.5 0.5 -0.7 NA NA 6 .17 .11 .10 .07 36 34 29 43 41 44 44 067. 2.4 1.5 0.7 0.5 -0.7 .00 NA 6 .20 .13 .11 .08 47 4 8 35 43 41 36 44 44 068. 2.8 1.6 1.4 0.8 -0.0 .17 7243 29 .10 .07 .09 .06 52 50 65 51 48 48 49 67 77 069. 2.4 1.1 1.1 0.5 0.7 .07 4673 10 .12 .10 .12 .07 47 40 55 43 56 41 46 48 46 070. 2.7 1.6 0.9 0.9 -0.4 NA 5257 7 .13 .08 .08 .07 50 51 44 56 44 47 45 38 071. 3.6 2.0 1.4 1.1 1.5 .19 5430 13 .09 .05 .10 .08 61 60 66 60 63 49 47 51 5l 072. 1.1 0-.8 0.7 0.4 -0.4 NA 2693 1 .16 .12 .16 .07 32 34 35 41 45 44 39 39 073. 2.2 1.3 1.2 0.6 NA .25 4618 13 .13 .10 .09 .06 44 44 57 45 53 46 51 48 074. 3.4 2.0 1.1 0.9 1.6 .17 9919 21 .08 .04 .08 .07 59 59 54 53 64 48 52 59 59 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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62 TABLE 4.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Civil Engineering Measure Program Size 01 Raw Value Std Value 02 Raw Value Std Value 03 Raw Value Std Value Program Graduates 04 Raw Value Std Value 05 Raw Value Std Value 06 Raw Value Std Value 07 Raw Value Std Value Survey Results 08 Raw Value Std Value 09 Raw Value Std Value 10 Raw Value Std Value 11 Raw Value Std Value University Library 12 Raw Value Std Value Research Support 13 Raw Value Std Value 14 Raw Value Std Value Publication Records 15 Raw Value Std Value 16 Std Value Number of Programs Standard Evaluated Mean Deviation 74 74 73 73 72 72 45 45 45 45 44 44 44 44 74 74 74 74 72 72 74 74 56 56 61 61 67 67 74 74 74 20 13 50 10 22 25 50 10 35 37 50 10 .13 .08 50 10 6.9 1.0 50 10 .69 .11 50 10 .19 .11 50 10 2.7 .9 50 10 1.6 .5 50 10 1.0 .2 50 10 .7 .4 50 10 .2 1.0 50 10 .20 .14 50 10 7998 8804 50 10 12 50 50 10 10 10 NOTE: Standardized values reported in D E C I L E S - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 8 10 41 42 5 7 43 44 7 10 43 43 .01 .07 35 43 8.8 7.8 31 41 .55 .58 37 40 .06 .10 38 42 1.6 1.9 38 41 1.0 1.1 38 40 .7 .8 37 41 .4 .5 40 43 1.1 45 15 45 13 45 9 .09 45 7.5 44 .62 44 .13 45 2.2 45 1.3 44 .9 45 .5 43 46 -.7 -.5 -.4 37 41 43 44 14 16 46 47 12 13 46 47 17 22 45 47 .10 .11 46 48 7.0 6.8 49 51 .67 .70 48 51 .16 .19 47 50 2.3 2.5 46 48 1.4 1.5 46 49 .9 1.0 45 50 .6 .6 - 46 .1 49 .00 .06 .10 .16 .19 36 40 43 47 49 1869 2626 3499 4338 5214 43 44 45 46 47 1 4 39 42 38 41 6 7 44 45 44 46 .23 52 5644 47 9 10 47 48 48 50 19 49 17 48 26 48 15 53 .6 53 73 54 21 52 A., 50 1.6 51 1.1 54 .7 49 .3 51 7 3.0 54 1.7 53 1.1 54 ~ 49 52 20 25 50 54 20 26 49 52 32 42 49 52 18 .21 56 60 .4 6.2 55 57 74 .75 55 55 25 .28 55 58 3.3 57 2.0 59 1.2 58 .8 1.0 57 36 63 50 61 81 62 .23 63 5.7 62 .83 63 .32 62 3.9 64 2.3 66 1.3 63 1.3 66 .7 .9 1.' 55 57 65 .29 .31 .38 56 58 63 7788 10278 18482 50 53 62 13 17 51 55 51 55 27 65 66 ~ the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only data in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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63 TABLE 4.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 74 Programs in Civil Engineering Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Program Size 01 .83 .65 .02 .08 .07 .15 .73 .70 .42 .74 .37 .28 .56 .74 .69 02 .71 .01 .16 -.11 .05 .72 .73 .18 .75 .39 .39 .51 .73 .65 03 .03 -.02 -.12 .02 .57 .57 .20 .57 .47 .31 .38 .56 .52 Program Graduates 04 -.12 .15 -.10 .18 .17 .00 .11 .12 .03 .16 .19 .17 05 -.25 .00 .25 .26 -.06 .24 -.03 .24 -.02 .04 -.05 06 .43 .05 .02 .18 .03 -.11 -.16 -.02 .09 .10 07 .21 .22 .08 .18 -.13 .04 .21 .05 .05 Survey Results 08 .98 .35 .94 .54 .62 .57 .62 .57 09 .30 .92 .53 .62 .55 .62 .57 10 .34 .20 .14 .04 .34 .35 11 .52 .63 .58 .63 .58 University Library 12 .54 .26 .32 .32 Research Support 13 14 Publication Records 15 16 .29 .27 .26 .44 .36 .95 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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64 s. o++ + + + 4. 0++ + + + Measure + 3.0++ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 08 + * + * * * + * * ** * * * + * * * * * * * * * + * * + * * * + * ** ** * * + * * 2~0++ * * + * * r + + * * * * + * + * * * + * + + * 1.0++ r = .72 + + + + + * v ~ O +/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/+++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 4.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--74 programs in civil engineering.

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3 . o++ + + 2 . 0++ Measure + 09 + * v~O +/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 + ** 1. 0++* * * * * + * + * * * 65 * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * ** * * * ** * ** ** * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * r = .80 Measure 02 ( square root scale) FIGURE 4.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last f ive years (measure 02) --73 programs in civil eng ineer ing .

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66 TABLE 4.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in C N Field of Specialization ivil Engineering Respondents - Civil Engineering 104 81 Sanitary/Environ. Engineering 15 12 Other/Unknown 10 8 Faculty Rank Professor 89 69 Associate Professor 24 19 Assistant Professor 16 12 Year of Highest Degree Pre-1950 7 5 1950-59 14 11 1960-69 70 54 Post-1969 36 28 Unknown 2 2 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 113 88 Other 16 12 Survey Form With Faculty Names 118 92 Without Names 11 9 Total Evaluators 129 100

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67 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 Mean Survey Rating (measure 08) FIGURE 4.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 74 programs in civil engineering. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a conf idence interval of +1. 5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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