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v Electrical Engineering Programs In this chapter 91 research-doctorate programs in electrical engineering programs are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 2,907 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 95 percent of the aggregate number of electrical engineering, electronics, and computer engineering doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span. Because some computer scientists receive their doctoral education in electrical engineering departments and by the same token some electrical engineers receive their doctoral degrees in computer science departments, the committee encountered difficulty in identifying program faculty, graduates, and students in the discipline of electrical engineering.2 ~. .~ - - ^ - - ~ an one average, ~~ rull-clme ana part- c~me students Intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 23 members. 3 Most of the 91 programs, listed in Table 5.1, are located in departments of electrical engineering. Approximately one-fourth are found in depart- ments of electrical engineering and computer science. Only two of the programs were initiated since 1970, and no two programs are located in the same university. In addition to the 91 institutions represented in this discipline, another 4 were initially identified as meeting the criteria for inclusion in the assessment: data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 2,239 research doctorates in electrical engineering, 371 in electronics, and another 458 research doctorates in computer engineering were awarded by U.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2 In the review of this report it has been called to the committee's attention that electrical engineering programs have been changing very rapidly in recent years and that different programs may place substan- tially different emphases in fields of electronics, applied physics, and computer engineering. 3 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 5.2. 4As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 7 doctorates in electrical engineering during the FY1976-78 period. 69

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70 George Washington University University of South Carolina--Columbia Naval Postgraduate School ~ University of Santa Clara The latter two institutions chose not to participate in the assessment in any discipline. Electrical engineering programs at the other two institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this disci- pline, since in each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time have a research-doctorate program in electrical engineering or failed to provide the information re- quested by the committee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 5.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 16 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 5.2. For 15 of the mea- sures, data are reported for at least 76 of the 91 electrical engineer- ing programs. For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data are available for 62 programs. The programs not evaluated on measure 12 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other electrical engineering programs. Were data on this measure available for all 91 programs, it is likely that the reported mean would be appreciably lower (and that some of the correlations of this measure with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 16 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 5.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of program size (01-03) with measures of publication records (15, 16) and reputational survey rat- ings (08, 09). Figure 5.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 90 programs in electrical engineering. Figure 5.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02). Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 5.4 describes the 142 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of electrical engineering programs. These individuals constituted 52 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 7 percent of the faculty population in the 91 research- doctorate programs being evaluated.5 Almost one-third of the survey participants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and a majority held the rank of full professor. One exception should be noted with regard to the survey evaluations in this discipline. In the program listing on the survey form, New Mexico State University at Las Cruces was identified as being located in Alamogordo, where there is another 5 See Table 2.3 in Chapter II.

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71 branch of the same university system not offering the research doctor- ate. Since a large majority of faculty evaluators indicated that they were unfamiliar with this program and it is quite possible~that some of them were misled by the inaccurate identification of this institu- tion, the committee has decided not to report the survey results for this program. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 90 electrical engineering pro- grams (and are given in Table 5.1~. For each program the mean rating and an associated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 5.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confi- dence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these pro- grams are usually based on fewer survey responses. 6 See pp. 29-31 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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72 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Air Force Institute of Technology 9 14 11 .07 9.5 .93 .07 El ectrical Engineering 41 45 43 40 25 67 41 002. Arizona State University-Tempe 15 15 31 .13 5.7 .47 .07 Electrical and Computer Engineering 44 45 47 45 59 33 41 003. Arizona, University of-Tucson 17 21 36 .08 7.0 .71 .17 El ectrical Engineering 46 47 48 41 47 51 50 004. Auburn University 13 15 8 .09 NA .82 .09 El ectrical Engineering 43 45 43 41 59 43 005. Brown University 13 17 20 .21 6.1 .64 .21 Engineering 43 46 45 52 55 46 54 006. CUNY-Graduate School 14 21 31 .24 7.1 .64 .16 Engineering 44 4 7 4 7 55 46 46 49 007. California Institute of Technology 13 24 56 .29 5.0 .67 .29 El ectrical Engineering 43 48 51 59 65 48 61 008. California, University of-Berkeley 48 135 211 .09 S.7 .84 .25 Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences 66 78 79 42 59 60 57 009. California, University of-Davis 19 14 18 .07 8.5 .79 .36 Electrical and Computer Engineering 47 45 44 40 34 56 67 010. California, University of-Irvine 13 12 19 .00 8.3 .77 .08 Engineering 43 45 45 33 36 55 42 011. California, University of-Los Angeles 51 133 225 .08 7.0 .63 .08 Engineering and Appl fed Science 68 78 82 40 47 45 42 012. California, University of-San Diego 20 21 46 .14 6.5 .79 .21 Electrical Engineering & Computer Science 48 47 49 46 52 56 54 013. California, University of-Santa Barbara 21 33 48 .32 8.3 .72 .00 El ectrical and Computer Engineering 48 50 50 62 36 52 35 014. Carnegie-Mellon University 24 54 60 .32 5.9 .82 .10 El ectrical Engineering 50 56 52 62 57 59 44 015. Case Western Reserve University 16 14 6 .20 6.9 .50 .21 Electrical Engineering and Applied Physics 45 45 42 51 48 35 54 016. Catholic University of America 5 14 13 NA NA NA NA El ectrical Engineering 38 45 44 017. Cincinnati, University of 15 14 29 .18 6.5 .60 .00 Electrical and Computer Engineering 44 45 46 50 52 43 35 018. Clarkson College of Technology 19 7 13 NA NA NA NA Engineering Science 47 43 44 019. Colorado State University-Fort Collins 16 16 20 .17 5.1 .58 .08 El ectrical Engineering 45 46 45 48 64 41 42 020. Colorado, University of 51 16 28 .32 8.0 .94 .11 El ectrical Engineering 68 46 46 62 38 68 45 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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73 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering Prog survey Results No. (08) (09) (10) 001. 1.5 1.0 0.9 37 37 45 002. 2.3 1.3 1.4 46 44 6 8 003. 2.9 1.8 1.3 53 55 60 004. 1.8 1.4 1.1 41 44 53 005. 3.0 1.8 1.0 55 55 46 006. 2.2 45 007. 3.7 63 008. 4.8 75 009. 2.5 49 010. 2.1 45 011. 4.1 67 012. 3.3 58 013. 3.2 57 014. 3.6 62 015. 2.7 51 016. 0.8 29 017. 1.8 40 018. 1.3 35 019. 2.4 47 020. 3.2 57 1.5 0.8 48 39 2.2 0.9 63 45 2.8 1.2 75 55 1.5 1.2 47 56 1.3 1.0 44 48 2.4 1.2 67 58 1.7 1.5 53 68 1.9 1.7 56 80 2.2 1.4 62 65 1.7 0.8 52 39 0.8 0.8 32 41 1.2 1.2 41 55 0.8 0.8 32 39 1.4 1.2 46 58 1.7 1.2 53 55 NOTE: On the f irst line of data University Library (11) (12) 0.5 NA 44 0.4 -0.3 42 45 0.6 0.9 48 57 0.3 NA 39 0.7 -1.1 49 38 0.6 NA 46 1.0 NA 57 1.6 77 0.7 48 0.7 49 1.4 70 0.8 52 0.9 55 1.1 61 0.8 52 0.3 37 0.4 41 0.4 42 0.6 47 1.0 57 2.2 70 0.6 55 NA 2.0 68 O. O 48 O. . 1 47 NA 1 . 3 35 NA -0 . 2 46 NA 1 . 1 37 O. . 9 40 .24 5261 48 47 .08 2450 38 44 .69 3497 75 45 .14 NA 42 .23 8339 48 51 .69 16448 75 60 .47 3136 62 45 .23 NA 48 .47 6168 62 48 .45 NA 61 .29 NA 51 .58 6409 69 49 .38 8676 56 51 NA NA .20 2360 46 44 .37 1791 56 43 .31 8604 53 51 .24 1849 48 43 ~ for every program, raw values Research Published Survey Ratings Support Articles Standard Error (13) (14) (15) (16) NA NA 0 41 .00 NA 3 34 42 11 45 16 47 23 50 15 47 26 52 110 &37 26 52 12 46 41 43 47 45 50 45 50 87 51 46 60 66 20 49 51 23 50 51 42 58 64 13 46 44 9 44 4 42 9 44 44 50 62 63 45 45 44 44 57 (08) (09) .14 .09 ~ 13 ~ 12 .12 a08 17 ~ 13 .12 .08 ~ 12 ~ 09 .14 a08 .06 a06 e13 .11 e13 e08 09 ~ 06 15 r ~ 0 9 09 ~ 07 09 ~ 05 .08 14 ~ 11 ~ 11 .14 .11 . Id (10) .09 .13 .09 .11 .09 .12 .08 .08 .13 .08 .08 .10 .07 .08 .07 (11) a06 .07 e07 .07 .08 .06 .07 .07 a07 .07 .07 e08 .08 a08 .08 .06 o10 a06 a08 .10 .07 .14 .09 .14 a07 11 ~ 07 ~ 08 ~ 07 for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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74 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering ~ Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. Columbia University 15 29 38 .10 6.1 .50 .04 El ectrical Engineering 44 49 4 8 42 55 35 3 8 022. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 12 15 23 .25 7.5 .83 .42 El ectrical Engineering & Computer Science 42 45 45 56 43 60 72 023. Cornell University-Ithaca 35 67 79 .15 5.5 .75 .23 Electrical Engineering 58 60 55 47 60 54 56 024. Drexel University 23 13 36 NA NA NA NA Electrical Engineering 50 45 48 025. Duke University 12 21 20 .17 5.4 .48 .04 El ectrical Engineering 42 47 45 49 61 34 39 026. Florida, University of-Gainesville 36 38 158 .14 5.9 .56 .33 Electrical Engineering 58 52 70 46 57 39 65 027. Georgia Institute of Technology 22 20 37 .21 6.7 .78 .39 Electrical Engineering 49 47 48 52 50 56 70 028. Hawaii, University of 17 13 12 .13 6.8 .60 .07 El ectrical Engineering 46 45 43 44 49 43 41 029. Houston, University of 12 13 25 .36 7.3 .50 .10 El ectrical Engineering 42 45 46 66 45 35 44 030. Illinois Institute of Technology 9 17 23 .29 7.5 .57 .14 Electrical Engineering 41 46 45 59 43 40 48 031. Illinois, University of-Chicago Circle 21 12 54 NA NA NA NA Information Engineering* 48 45 51 032. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 87 148 166 '.06 5.6 .82 .25 Electrical Engineering 92 82 71 38 59 59 58 033. Iowa State University-Ames 15 31 29 .25 5.9 .66 .13 Electrical Engineering 44 50 46 56 57 47 46 034. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 13 9 15 .27 5.3 .55 .27 Electrical and Computer Engineering 43 44 44 58 63 39 59 035. Johns Hopkins University 13 34 39 .24 5.3 .90 .14 Electrical Engineering 43 51 48 55 63 65 47 036. Kansas, University of 20 17 26 .20 7.5 .75 .10 Electrical Engineering 48 46 46 51 43 54 44 037. Marquette University 21 21 15 .37 6.9 .74 .16 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 48 47 44 66 48 53 49 038. Maryland, University of-College Park 28 21 134 .13 8.6 .69 .00 El ectrical Engineering 53 4 7 65 45 33 49 35 039. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 80 141 299 .41 5.8 .74 .28 El ectrical Engineering and Computer Science 87 80 95 70 5 8 53 60 040. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 18 22 43 .17 6.1 .94 .11 Electrical and Computer Engineering 46 47 49 48 55 68 45 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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75 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Prog No. (08) (09) 021. 3.2 2.0 57 58 022. 2.2 1.5 46 48 023. 4.0 2.3 66 66 024. 1.9 1.3 42 43 025. 2.4 1.6 47 49 026. 3.2 1.8 56 55 027. 3.2 1.9 57 56 028. 2.8 1.6 52 50 029. 1.5 1.2 37 41 030. 1.8 1.2 41 41 2.2 45 032. 4.6 73 033. 2.6 49 034. 1.9 42 035. 3.1 56 036. 2.3 46 037. 1.6 39 038. 3.3 58 039. 4.9 76 040. 2.7 51 Survey Results (10) (11) 0.8 39 1.3 60 1.3 61 1.1 51 1.0 49 1.2 55 1.3 62 1.0 48 0.9 45 0.6 32 1.5 1.3 47 61 2.6 1.1 73 51 1.6 0.8 50 38 1.2 0.8 42 40 1.9 0.9 57 44 1.5 1.1 48 53 1.1 1.1 39 51 1.9 1.3 57 62 2.7 1.0 75 47 1.7 1.2 51 58 0.9 57 1.0 57 0.8 54 0.5 44 0.5 44 0.5 45 1.7 77 0.4 42 0.5 43 0.8 51 0.4 42 0.2 35 0.9 55 1.8 80 0.9 55 NOTE: On the f irst line of data on the second line values Values) in Electr ical Eng ineer ing Publ ished Ar ticles (15) (16) 15 47 46 11 45 39 57 12 g6 9 44 23 50 26 52 11 45 26 52 49 6 43 45 48 88 45 43 45 50 ~2 61 88 48 University Library (12) 1.0 1.7 59 66 0.6 -0.5 47 43 1.3 1.6 66 65 0.5 NA 45 0.6 0.3 47 52 0.8 56 NA O. . 1 47 O. . 9 39 NA NA 2.0 68 0 . 5 43 0.3 51 - 0. 4 44 0.1 49 NA 0.2 50 -0.3 45 0 . 7 41 Research Suppor t (13) (14) .53 5375 66 47 .25 4069 49 46 .26 13206 49 56 .22 2649 47 44 .17 NA 44 .31 13686 52 57 .27 29270 50 75 .24 2010 48 43 .17 5015 44 47 NA NA .14 2144 9 42 44 44 .51 18980 128 64 63 95 .07 8330 12 38 51 46 .39 2117 6 5 7 44 43 .15 1741 9 43 43 44 .20 1707 22 46 43 50 .05 NA 4 37 42 .36 3519 50 55 45 62 .41 59143 99 59 99 82 .61 2256 18 70 44 48 46 55 45 44 49 51 47 (08) (09) .11 .08 .09 .06 . 11 .10 .11 .07 .10 .06 .10 .06 . 17 .10 .14 .12 .21 .14 Survey Ratings Standard Error (10) (11) .09 .08 .10 .10 .07 .07 .07 .07 .07 .06 .06 .10 .07 .10 .08 .11 .09 .11 .07 .10 .07 .12 .15 .08 .07 '.06 .09 .07 .15 .09 .10 .07 .17 .11 .08 .07 09 .06 11 .17 .14 .11 .06 .04 .05 .12 .08 .11 .09 .11 .09 .07 for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure. .08 ~ .07 .07 .04 .08 .06 .09

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76 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 041. Michigan State University-East Lansing El ectrical Engineering & Systems Science 042. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor Electrical and Computer Engineering 043. Minnesota, University of El ectrical Engineering 044. Mississippi State University-Starkville El ectrical Engineering 045. Missouri, University of-Columbia El ectrical Engineering 046. Missouri, University of-Rolla El ectrical Engineering 047. New Jersey Institute of Technology El ectrical Engineering 048. New Mexico State University-Las Cruces Electrical and Computer Engineering 049. New Mexico, University of-Albuquerque Electrical and Computer Engineering 050. North Carolina State University-Raleigh El ectrical Engineering 051. Northeastern University El ectrical Engineering 052. Northwestern University El ectrical Engineering & Computer Sciences 053. Notre Dame, University of El ectrical Engineering 054. Ohio State University-Columbus El ectrical Engineering 055. Ohio University-Athens El ectrical Engineering 056. 057. Oklahoma State University-Stillwater El ectrical Engineering Oklahoma, University of-Norman El ectrical Engineering and Computer Science 058. Oregon State University-Corvallis Electrical and Computer Engineering 059. Pennsylvania State University El ectrical Engineering 060. Pennsylvania, University of El ectrical Engineering and Science * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTED On 1-h~ finch 1 i^= of A,I, ~~~ Prouram Size (01) (02) (03) 24 26 50 48 51 23 68 48 37 24 59 48 19 12 47 45 15 33 44 50 25 23 51 48 29 10 54 44 19 15 47 45 23 24 50 48 29 15 54 45 25 10 51 44 40 39 61 52 10 11 41 44 51 66 68 59 9 7 41 43 14 14 44 45 15 16 44 46 17 21 46 47 25 24 51 48 15 31 44 50 40 48 60 .15 52 47 28 46 11 43 39 48 11 .08 43 40 NA 70 .27 54 58 33 .09 47 41 32 .31 47 61 9 43 16 .27 44 57 11 43 95 .08 58 40 63 53 10 43 18 44 30 .06 47 38 23 .39 45 68 21 .15 45 47 ~ Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) .14 5.6 46 59 .20 8.3 51 36 .18 7.8 50 41 .05 5.1 38 64 NA NA .42 8.5 71 34 NA NA NA NA .19 5.8 50 57 NA 5~5 60 .54 38 7.4 .75 44 54 .64 46 .91 66 .68 48 5.4 .71 51 NA 6.4 .70 53 50 8.6 .70 33 50 7.5 .56 43 40 .64 45 6.2 .66 55 47 NA 6.0 .57 56 40 NA .50 35 NA 7.3 .50 45 35 7.6 .80 42 58 9.3 .81 27 58 ~ -~~ Do, Achy ., Law values tor each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. .04 38 .13 46 .12 46 .18 51 .16 49 .17 50 NA .10 44 .22 54 .06 41 .00 35 .24 57 NA .16 49 NA .06 41 NA .11 45 .20 53 .07 41

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77 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog _ >~v ~ ~~:~ Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (Oil l by Parr Tlrr (12) (13) (14) (15) tl6) toe) tO9) tlO) (11) 041. 2.6 1.7 0.8 0.6 0~3 .17 2247 12 .14 .07 .09 .08 50 53 38 48 52 44 44 46 45 042. 3.8 2.1 0.8 1.3 1.8 .28 19835 28 .08 .05 .07 .06 64 61 3 7 67 66 50 64 53 53 043. 3.2 1.9 1.0 0.8 1.2 .49 8726 49 .10 .07 .09 .08 5 7 56 46 54 60 63 51 61 64 044. 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.4 NA .05 2463 5 .15 .09 .12 .07 35 32 44 40 3 7 44 43 43 045. 2.1 1.3 0.8 0.4 -0.2 .07 1976 5 .13 .12 .11 .07 44 44 40 42 46 3 8 43 43 42 046. 2.5 1.6 1.1 0.6 NA .12 3606 10 .13 .09 .09 .07 49 51 51 47 41 45 45 46 047. 1.3 0.8 1.1 0.3 NA .00 NA 1 .14 .09 .11 .06 35 33 50 38 34 41 41 048. NA NA NA NA NA .00 14876 2 NA NA NA NA 34 5 8 42 42 049. 2.1 1.5 1.2 0.6 -1.0 .13 6575 6 .12 .09 .10 .08 44 4 7 5 8 4 8 39 42 49 43 43 050. 2.5 1.6 1.5 0.6 NA .28 8416 20 .14 .09 .10 .08 49 50 6 8 4 7 50 51 49 49 051. 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.5 NA .00 1486 7 .14 .11 .10 .07 42 40 4 8 43 34 43 44 44 052. 3.1 1.-9 1.0 0.9 0.3 .35 5170 17 .11 .06 .09 .08 56 57 48 55 51 55 47 48 52 053. 2.7 1.6 1.0 0.8 -1.3 .30 1544 5 .13 .08 .10 .07 51 49 48 52 35 52 43 43 43 054. 3.3 1.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 .14 10926 59 .11 .07 .10 .08 58 57 49 55 57 42 54 66 63 055. 1.1 0.7 0.7 0.3 NA NA NA 1 .16 .12 .14 .05 32 30 35 39 41 42 056. 1.9 1.4 1.0 0.4 -1.9 .00 4120 7 .14 .09 .11 .06 42 44 4 8 40 29 34 46 44 42 057. 1.6 1.0 0.7 0.4 -0.6 .00 1834 5 .13 .10 .09 .07 3 8 36 35 41 43 34 43 43 43 058. 1.8 1.3 1.3 0.3 NA .24 3128 6 .16 .11 .11 .06 40 43 59 39 48 45 43 44 059. 2.8 1.8 0.9 0.6 0.7 .40 22901 28 .10 .09 .10 .07 52 54 44 47 55 58 68 53 55 060. 3.0 1.9 0.9 0.6 0.7 .13 4579 30 .12 .07 .08 .07 55 56 44 46 55 42 46 53 52 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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78 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering - - Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 061. Pittsburgh, University of 20 31 31 .07 6.5 .76 .14 Electrical Engineering 48 50 47 39 52 54 47 062. Polytech Institute of New York 21 85 56 .13 8.5 .64 .07 El ectrical Engineering and Computer Science 4 8 65 51 44 34 46 42 063. Princeton University 10 42 48 .13 4.4 .78 .36 Electrical Engineering and Computer Science 41 53 50 45 70 56 67 064. Purdue University-West Lafayette 55 108 115 .16 5.4 .74 .16 El ectrical Engineering 71 71 62 4 7 62 53 49 065. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 39 37 69 .14 6.1 .81 .10 Electrical, Computer, & Systems Engineering 60 51 54 46 55 58 43 066. Rhode Island, University of 16 12 17 .08 9.5 .64 .00 El ectrical Engineering 45 45 44 41 25 45 35 067. Rice University 16 32 42 .28 5.3 .68 .26 El ectrical Engineering 45 50 49 58 62 48 58 068. Rochester, University of 12 8 15 .40 7.2 1.00 .60 El ectrical Engineering 42 43 44 69 46 72 89 069. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick 13 16 159 .27 7.0 .55 .09 Electrical Engineering 43 46 70 58 47 39 43 070. SUNY at Buffalo 20 28 29 .04 6.5 .73 .23 El ectrical Engineering 48 49 46 37 52 52 55 071. SUNY at Stony Brook 14 21 62 .21 5.6 .56 .06 El ectrical Engineering 44 4 7 52 52 59 39 40 072. Southern California, University of 58 147 116 '.18 6.9 .66 .06 Electrical Engineering 73 82 62 49 48 47 40 073. Southern Methodist University 13 29 48 .18 6.2 .45 .07 El ectrical Engineering 43 49 50 50 54 32 41 074. Stanford University 61 212 253 .18 6.4 .81 .24 El ectrical Engineering 75 99 87 49 53 5 8 5 7 075. Syracuse University 32 25 30 .26 8.3 .90 .16 Electrical and Computer Engineering 56 48 47 56 36 65 49 076. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 22 17 20 .24 6.3 .67 .10 El ectrical Engineering 49 46 45 55 54 48 43 077. Texas A & M University 18 14 16 .07 6.8 .39 .15 El ectrical Engineering 46 45 44 40 49 27 49 078. Texas Tech University-Lubbock 21 21 19 .21 5.3 .72 .33 Electrical Engineering 48 47 45 52 63 52 65 079. Texas, University.of-Arlington 13 11 32 .00 5.3 .80 .20 Electrical Engineering 43 44 47 33 62 58 53 080. Texas, University of-Austin 37 52 56 .17 6.8 .57 .24 Electrical Engineering 59 55 51 48 49 40 57 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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79 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. 2.4 1.4 0.9 0.7 0.1 .25 2794 19 .12 .10 .08 .07 48 46 45 48 49 49 44 49 47 062. 3.6 2.1 0.7 0.9 NA .14 5310 11 .11 .06 .08 .07 61 62 33 56 42 4 7 45 46 063. 3.7 2.2 0.7 1.1 0.9 .50 6358 20 .12 .09 .08 .09 63 63 35 61 5 7 64 4 8 49 53 064. 3.9 2.3 1.0 1.5 -0.5 .40 17331 69 .10 .06 .07 .06 65 65 46 71 43 5 8 61 70 6 8 065. 3.3 1.8 1.5 1.1 NA .36 7849 31 .10 .06 .07 .07 58 55 72 62 55 50 54 52 066. 2.1 1.2 1.1 0.3 NA .31 2611 6 .16 .08 .08 .06 45 42 53 39 53 44 43 43 067. 3.0 1.9 1.1 0.9 -1.4 .56 1782 11 .12 .06 .10 .09 55 57 51 57 34 68 43 45 46 068. 2.3 1.4 1.0 0.6 -0.6 .33 16764 8 .14 .13 .11 .07 46 46 46 45 42 54 61 44 46 069. 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.4 0.8 .08 1877 21 .14 .09 .10 .06 40 39 39 41 56 3 8 43 50 50 070. 2.3 1.5 1.1 0.6 0.3 .25 3019 25 .12 .09 .10 .07 46 4 7 54 4 8 51 49 45 51 50 071. 2.4 1.5 0.8 0.6 -0.6 .43 1539 14 .11 .10 .09 .06 48 48 39 45 42 60 43 47 47 072. 4.1 2.3 1.4 1.4 0.4 .33 18269 59 .08 .07 .08 .07 6 7 65 64 69 52 53 62 66 64 073. 2.4 1.5 0.6 0.6 NA .23 NA 10 .12 .09 .11 .07 4 8 49 30 46 4 8 45 45 074. 4.8 2.7 1.1 1.7 2.0 .57 25196 92 .06 .05 .08 .06 75 75 54 78 69 68 70 80 86 075. 2.9 1.8 0.9 0.8 -0.3 .19 4063 30 .11 .07 .08 .07 54 53 43 53 45 45 46 53 51 076. 2.3 1.5 1.1 0.4 -0.4 .05 4266 5 .13 .12 .10 .07 4 7 4 8 54 41 44 3 7 46 43 43 077. 2.1 1.3 1.1 0.6 -0.5 .17 18988 27 .15 .11 .11 .08 45 44 54 4 7 44 44 63 52 4 8 078. 2.4 1.6 1.4 0.6 NA .38 5513 14 .12 .10 tog .08 47 51 68 47 57 47 47 46 079. 1.7 1.1 1.3 0.4 NA .00 NA O .17 .13 .11 .07 40 39 63 41 34 41 41 080. 3.5 2.0 1.3 0.9 1.6 .19 10517 39 09 05 09 07 60 59 60 56 65 45 53 5 7 60 NOTE: On the on the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAT indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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80 TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering ~ ~ Characteristics of Prog Program Size Prouram Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 081. Utah State University-Logan 14 11 1 NA NA NA NA El ectrical Engineering 44 44 41 082. Utah, University of-Salt Lake City 12 16 15 .62 7.5 .62 .15 El ectrical Engineering 42 46 44 88 43 44 49 083. Vanderbilt University 10 11 19 .10 NA .90 .30 El ectrical and Biomed ical Engineering 41 44 45 42 65 62 084. Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ 35 17 49 .07 6.6 .87 .33 Electrical Engineering 58 46 50 39 51 62 65 085. Virginia, University of 14 19 15 .19 6.2 .69 .19 El ectrical Engineering 44 46 44 50 54 49 52 086. Washington University-Saint Louis 15 18 21 .41 6.6 .75 .38 El ectrical Engineering 44 46 45 70 50 54 69 087. Washington, University of-Seattle 37 31 36 .11 7.1 .75 .22 El ectrical Engineering 59 50 4 8 43 46 54 55 088. Wayne State University Electrical and Computer Engineering 089. West Virginia University El ectrical Engineering 090. Wisconsin, University of-Madison 28 Electrical and Computer Engineering 53 11 10 42 44 16 9 45 44 17 44 11 43 45 136 54 66 .10 NA 42 NA NA .13 6 45 6.9 48 1.00 .30 72 62 NA NA .76 .22 55 54 091. Yale University 18 16 30 .09 5.9 .62 .14 Engineering and Appl fed Science 46 46 47 41 56 44 48 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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TABLE 5.1 Program Measures (Raw and 81 Standardized Values) in Electrical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 081. 1.4 1.1 0.9 0.3 NA .29 5513 4 .15 .10 .12 .06 36 38 45 37 51 47 42 42 082. 2.3 1.5 1.1 0.4 -0.6 .33 7123 20 .17 .10 .13 .06 46 4 7 51 40 42 54 49 49 49 083. 1.4 0.8 0.8 0.3 -0.7 .30 NA 6 .16 .10 .08 .05 36 32 40 3 7 41 52 43 43 084. 2.6 1.6 1.3 0.6 -0.0 .20 7243 21 .13 .09 .10 .07 50 51 60 45 48 46 49 50 49 085. 2.2 1.4 1.3 0.6 0.7 .21 4673 19 .12 .10 .09 .06 45 45 61 46 56 4 7 46 49 46 086. 2.4 1.6 0.9 0.6 -0.4 .47 5257 9 .12 .09 .10 .07 48 51 43 47 44 62 47 44 46 087. 3.0 1.8 1.3 0.8 1.5 .30 5430 11 .11 .06 ,09 .07 55 54 59 53 63 52 47 45 46 088. 1.8 1.1 0.7 0.5 -0.4 .27 2693 16 .13 .12 .14 .08 41 38 33 45 45 50 44 47 47 089. 1.5 1.0 1.1 0.3 NA .13 4618 8 .16 .11 .11 .06 3 8 3 8 52 3 7 41 46 44 44 090. 3.1 1.9 0.9 0.9 1.6 .25 9919 48 .10 .06 .08 .07 56 56 42 55 64 49 53 61 60 091. 2.9 1.8 0.9 1.0 2.1 .56 2510 17 .11 .06 .10 .07 54 54 43 57 69 67 44 48 48 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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82 TABLE 5.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Electrical Engineering Number of Programs Standard D E C I L E S = Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Program Size 01 Raw Value 91 23 15 12 13 14 16 18 21 24 31 47 Std Value 91 50 10 42 43 44 45 46 48 50 55 65 02 Raw Value 91 32 37 11 13 15 16 21 22 27 33 65 Std Value 91 50 10 44 45 45 46 47 47 49 50 59 03 Raw Value 90 49 55 11 15 19 23 30 36 46 60 116 Std Value 90 50 10 43 44 45 45 47 48 49 52 62 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value 81 .19 .11 .07 .08 .12 .14 .17 .19 .23 .27 .32 Std Value 81 50 10 39 40 44 45 48 50 54 57 62 05 Raw Value 79 6.7 1.1 8.5 7.5 7.2 6.9 6.6 6.2 5.9 5.6 5.3 Std Value 79 50 10 34 43 45 48 51 54 57 59 62 06 Raw Value 81 .70 .13 .50 .57 .63 .66 .70 .74 .77 .81 .89 Std Value 81 50 10 35 40 45 47 50 53 55 58 65 07 Raw Value 81 .17 .11 .04 .07 .10 .12 .15 .17 .22 .25 .33 Std Value 81 50 10 38 41 44 45 48 50 55 57 65 Survey Results 08 Raw Value 90 2.6 .9 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.3 2.4 2.7 3.0 3.2 3.7 Std Value 90 50 10 37 41 44 47 48 51 55 57 63 09 Raw Value 90 1.6 .5 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.2 Std Value 90 50 10 37 41 46 48 50 52 54 57 63 10 Raw Value 90 1.1 .2 .8 .8 .9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 Std Value 90 50 10 39 39 43 48 48 52 57 61 61 11 Raw Value 90 .7 .4 .3 .4 .5 .6 .6 .7 .8 .9 1.1 Std Value 90 50 10 38 41 44 47 47 50 53 55 61 University Library 12 Raw Value 62 .2 1.0 -1.1 -.6 -.5 -.3 .0 .3 .7 .9 1.7 Std Value 62 50 10 37 42 43 45 48 51 55 57 65 Research Support 13 Raw Value 87 .27 .17 .05 .13 .17 .23 .25 .29 .33 .40 .50 Std Value 87 50 10 37 42 44 48 49 51 54 58 64 14 Raw Value 76 7679 8560 1817 2249 2684 3789 5015 5513 7945 10397 17706 Std Value 76 50 10 43 44 44 45 47 47 50 53 62 Publication Records 15 Raw Value 91 22 24 4 6 9 11 14 19 23 28 50 Std Value 91 50 10 42 43 45 45 47 49 50 53 62 16 Std Value 91 50 10 42 43 45 46 46 48 50 52 63 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only data in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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83 TABLE 5.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 91 Programs in Electrical Engineering Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Program Size 01 .78 .72 -.04 .06 .15 .06 .73 .68 .24 .78 .46 .27 .63 .84 .83 02 .82 -.09 .18 .10 .06 .76 .75 .11 .81 .47 .39 .58 .84 .85 03 -.05 .17 .04 .07 .68 .65 .11 .74 .47 .33 .62 .79 .81 Program Graduates 04 -.06 -.02 .10 -.03 .00 -.07 -.08 -.37 .03 .20 -.04 .01 05 -.18 .24 .21 .24 -.05 .21 -.02 .13 .12 .09 .10 06 .41 .13 .08 .10 .17 .04 .17 .08 .18 .19 07 .12 .13 -.02 .14 .02 .27 .30 .11 .14 Survey Results 08 .98 .23 .94 .56 .56 .59 .78 .80 09 .22 .91 .54 .55 .57 .76 .78 10 . 18 .06 .07 .09 .17 . 17 11 . 5 2 . 59 . 6 2 . 82 . 84 University Library 12 Research Suppor t 13 14 Publication Records 15 16 .28 .21 .50 .51 .48 .52 .61 .65 .98 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coeff icients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coef f icient is based var ies.

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84 s.o++ . 4.0++ + + + 08 * * Measure + 3. 0++ + + + + 2.0++ 1. 0++ + + + * * ** * * * * * ** ** ** * * * * * * ** * * ~ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * + V. O +/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++d 1 4 9 16 25 36 Measure 01 (square root scale) * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * r = .73 * /++++ +++ ++ +/+++ +++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/ ~ 49 64 81 100 FIGURE 5.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--90 programs in electrical engineering.

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85 3.0++ + + + + + 2.0++ + + Measure + + 09 + + + 1 .0++ + * *** * * * * * ** * * * ** * * * ** * * * * ** * **** *** * * * * *** r ** * * * * + * + + * * * * * ** * * * * * * * *** * * * * * * * * * * * * * r = .81 v.O +/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/++++++/+++~++/++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 196 225 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 5.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last five years (measure 02)--90 programs in electrical engineering.

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86 TABLE 5.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Electrical Engineering Respondents N % Field of Specialization Electrical Engineering 106 75 Electronics 13 9 Other/Unknown 23 16 Faculty Rank Professor 90 63 Associate Professor 34 24 Assistant Professor 18 13 Year of Highest Degree Pre-1950 4 3 1950-59 31 22 1960-69 63 44 Post-1969 42 30 Unknown 2 1 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 128 90 Other 14 10 Survey Form With Faculty Names 129 91 Without Names 13 9 Total Evaluators 142 100

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87 __~_ 4,0 3.0 2.0 1.0 Mean Survey Rating (measure 08) FIGURE 5.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 90 programs in electrical engineering. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a conf idence interval of it. 5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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