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~ ~ - Mech~nical Engineering Programs In this chapter 82 research-doctorate programs in mechanical engi- neering are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 1,683 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 88 percent of the aggregate number of mechanical engineering and engineering mechanics doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this five-year span. On the average, 29 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 20 members.2 Most of the 82 programs, list- ed in Table 6.1, are located in departments of mechanical engineering. Approximately one-fourth are found in departments of mechanical and aerospace engineering. Only three of the programs were initiated since 1970, and no two programs are located in the same university. In addi- tion to the 82 institutions represented in this discipline, another 3 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: University of California--San Diego George Washington University University of Dayton The last institution chose not to participate in the assessment in any discipline. Mechanical engineering at the other two institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 1,430 research doctorates in mechanical engineering and another 486 research doctorates in engineering mechanics were awarded by U.S. universities between FYl976 and FYl980. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 6.2. 3As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 7 doctorates in mechanical engineering during the FY1976-78 period. 89

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so not at that time have a research-doctorate program in mechanical engi- neering or failed to provide the information requested by the commit- tee. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 6.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 16 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 6.2. For 11 of the mea- sures, data are reported for at least 70 of the 82 mechanical engineer- ing programs. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for only approximately 70 percent of the programs; the other 30 percent had too few graduates on which to base statistics.4 For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data are available for 59 programs. The programs not evaluated on measure 12 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other mechanical engineering programs. Were data on this measure available for all 82 programs, it is likely that the reported mean would be appreciably lower (and that some of the correlations of this measure with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 16 measures (Pearson product-moment coefficients) are given in Table 6.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of program size (01-03) with measures of publication records (15, 16) and reputational survey rat- ings (08, 091. Figure 6.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 57 programs in mechanical engineering. Figure 6.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings and that some of the larger programs received low mean ratings. Table 6.4 describes the 144 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of mechanical engineering programs. These individuals con- stituted 59 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 9 percent of the faculty population in the 82 research- doctorate programs being evaluated.S One-fourth of the survey partici- pants had earned their highest degree since 1970, and a majority held the rank of full professor. Three exceptions should be noted with re- gard to the survey evaluations in this discipline. m e mechanical engineering program at Harvard University was omitted on the survey form since at the time of the survey mailing no information had been provided by the institution. At the request of the study coordinator at Harvard and the department chairman, the program has been included 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. 5 See Table 2.3 in Chapter II.

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91 in all other aspects of the assessment. Also, it has been called to the attention of the committee that the Cornell University program in the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering was incorrectly identified as "Mechanical Engineering and Aerospace Engineering" and that the Johns Hopkins University program in the Department of Mechan- ~ ~ ~ ~~ The committee has decided to report the survey results for these two programs but cautions that the reputational ratings may have been influenced by the use of inaccurate program titles on the survey form. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 81 mechanical engineering pro- grams (and are given in Table 6.1~. For each program the mean rating and an associated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 6.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confi- dence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these pro- grams are usually based on fewer survey responses. ics was incorrectly labeled "Mechanical Engineering." 6 See pp. 29-31 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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92 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog Proqram Size Proqram Graduates No. University - Department/A-cademic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Akron, University of 11 8 8 NA NA NA NA Mechanical Engineering 42 44 43 002. Alabama, University of-Tuscaloosa 9 4 5 NA NA NA NA Aerospace Engr/ Mechanical finer/ Mechanics 40 42 42 003. Arizona State University-Tempe 19 4 11 NA NA NA NA Mechanical and Energy Systems Engineering 49 42 44 004. Arizona, University of-Tucson 9 12 13 .50 9.8 .75 .17 Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering 40 46 44 75 29 53 50 005. Auburn University 19 5 6 NA NA NA NA Mechanical Engineering 49 43 42 006. Brown University 21 22 30 .19 5.8 .65 .35 Engineering 51 51 50 48 59 45 67 007. California Institute of Technology 11 13 NA .42 5.2 .42 .08 Mechanical Engineering 42 46 68 64 28 42 008. California, University of-Berkeley 45 133 125 .17 6.0 .67 .19 Mechanical Engineering 73 99 83 46 5 8 4 7 51 009. California, University of-Davis 19 20 29 .00 9.2 .91 .14 Mechanical Engineering 49 50 50 31 33 64 47 010. California, University of-Los Angeles 34 63 164 .10 7.7 .62 .08 Engineering and Appl fed Science 63 70 96 40 44 43 41 011. Carnegie-Mellon University 14 14 32 .38 7.5 .93 .20 Mechanical Engineering 45 47 51 64 46 66 53 012. Case Western Reserve University 16 12 12 .38 5.8 .81 .38 Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 4 7 46 44 64 59 5 7 69 013. Catholic University of America 7 20 25 .33 8.8 .73 .09 Mechanical Engineering 38 50 48 61 37 51 42 014. Cincinnati, University of 16 11 39 NA NA NA NA Mechanical Engineering 47 45 53 015. Colorado State University-Fort Collins 16 21 12 .16 6.2 .79 .16 Mechanical Engineering 4 7 50 44 45 56 56 49 016. Columbia University 7 18 27 .13 7.3 .53 .07 Mechanical Engineering 38 49 49 42 48 36 40 017. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 16 14 16 .30 8.2 .68 .05 Mechanical Engineering 47 47 45 58 41 48 39 018. Cornell University-Ithaca 24 22 25 .17 7.0 .78 .33 Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 54 51 48 46 50 55 65 019. Delaware, University of-Newark 15 10 49 .30 8.0 .70 .00 Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 46 45 5 7 5 8 42 49 34 020. Drexel University 18 22 39 .26 6.5 .57 .17 Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics * 4 8 51 53 54 54 39 50 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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93 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 1.4 1.0 1.1 0.3 NA .00 NA 3 .18 .13 .13 .05 33 32 54 3 7 35 43 44 002. 1.5 0.9 0.7 0.3 -1.3 NA NA 2 .14 .10 .11 .05 34 30 33 38 36 42 41 003. 2.7 1.5 1.4 0.6 -0.3 .32 NA 5 .12 .08 .12 .07 49 45 69 48 45 57 44 43 004. 2.3 1.5 1.2 0.6 0.9 NA 5261 4 .15 .09 .12 .07 44 46 60 46 56 A 7 43 44 005. 1.9 1.3 1.1 0.3 NA .05 2450 1 .16 .11 .14 .05 40 41 51 3 7 39 44 41 42 006. 3.9 2.3 0.9 1.0 -1.1 .71 3497 15 .12 .08 .06 .08 64 65 43 60 3 8 85 45 53 53 007. 4.3 2.5 0.8 1.1 NA .27 8339 17 .09 .06 .07 .08 69 69 3 7 64 54 51 55 51 008. 4.6 2.6 1.1 1.5 2.2 .40 16448 54 .07 .06 .07 .06 73 73 56 76 68 63 60 87 81 009. 3.0 1.9 1.3 0.7 0.6 .21 3136 9 .09 .07 .09 .07 53 54 64 51 54 50 45 48 48 010. 3.9 2.2 1.2 1.1 2.0 .35 6168 13 .09 .06 .07 .07 64 63 57 65 66 60 48 51 49 011. 3.1 1.9 1.0 0.9 NA .43 6409 8 .11 .06 .11 .08 55 54 51 56 65 48 47 47 012. 3.1 1.9 0.9 0.9 -1.3 .06 8676 9 .11 .06 .09 .07 55 54 43 57 36 39 51 48 45 013. 1.6 1.1 0.7 0.3 NA NA NA 3 .14 .11 .11 .05 36 36 33 36 43 43 014. 2.1 1.7 1.1 0.4 -0.2 .00 2360 16 .15 .10 .09 .06 42 49 53 40 46 35 44 54 61 015. 2.5 1.7 1.0 0.6 -1.1 .13 8604 3 .12 .08 .10 .07 4 7 49 50 45 3 8 44 51 43 43 016. 3.2 1.8 0.7 0.8 1.7 NA 5375 8 .15 .08 .08 .08 56 53 32 52 64 4 7 4 7 5 7 017. 2.2 1.5 0.9 0.5 ~0~5 .00 4069 4 .11 .08 .10 .07 43 45 44 44 44 35 46 43 45 018. 3.8 2.3 1.1 1.0 1.6 .17 13206 22 .09 .05 .08 .07 64 64 55 62 63 4 7 56 59 53 019. 2.4 1.6 1.3 0.6 NA .20 3302 6 .12 .08 .09 .06 45 47 61 46 49 45 45 47 020. 2.3 1.6 1.1 0.6 NA .11 2649 1 .13 .09 .07 .07 44 4 8 53 46 43 44 41 41 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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94 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 021. Florida, University of-Gainesville Mechanical Engineering 022. Georgia Institute of Technology Mechanical Engineering 023. Harvard University Appl fed Sciences 024. Houston, University of Mechanical Engineering 025. Illinois Institute of Technology Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 026. Illinois, University of-Chicago Circle Material s Engineering 027. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign Mechanical and Industrial Engineering 028. Iowa State University-Ames Mechanical Engineering 029. Iowa, University of-Iowa C ity Mechanical Engineering 030. Johns Hopkins University Nechar2ics 031. Kansas State University-Manhattan Mechanical Engineering 032. ~ Kentucky, University of Mechanical Engineering 033. Lehigh University Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics 034. Maryland, University of-College Park Mechanical Engineering 035. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mechanical Engineering 036. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst Mechanical Engineering 037. Miami, University of-Florida Mechanical Engineering 038. Michigan State University-East Lansing Mechanical Engineering 039. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor Mechanical Engineering & Appl fed Mechanics 040. Minnesota, University of Mechanical Engineering * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 15 11 46 45 16 18 47 49 8 17 39 48 24 18 54 49 14 13 45 46 43 38 71 58 16 17 47 48 24 30 54 55 3 18 35 49 13 10 44 45 13 7 44 44 29 11 58 45 27 20 57 50 51 57 22 47 22 47 42 54 17 46 13 49 46 57 57 59 12 44 31 51 4 41 16 45 14 45 25 48 18 46 59 107 123 86 92 82 18 12 48 46 57 19 84 49 24 49 54 64 13 8 46 43 11 14 45 45 18 46 38 53 63 62 - Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) .25 5.6 53 60 .17 7.2 46 49 .20 5.3 49 63 .10 7~5 40 46 NA NA NA NA .04 7.3 35 48 .27 5.3 55 63 .07 7.3 38 47 NA 5.0 65 NA NA NA NA .21 5.5 50 61 .04 12.8 35 6 .25 5.6 53 61 .24 6.8 52 52 .00 8.3 31 40 NA NA .28 7.9 56 43 .29 6.9 57 51 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. 75 .17 53 50 50 .00 34 34 80 .40 56 71 80 .30 56 62 NA NA NA NA 86 .18 61 51 NA NA 41 .22 27 55 NA NA NA NA NA NA 67 .22 46 55 91 .09 64 42 67 .24 47 56 80 .27 56 59 80 .30 56 62 NA NA 64 .14 44 47 87 .10 62 44

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95 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog Survey Results No. (08) (09) (10) (11) 021. 022. 2.4 45 3.0 54 023. NA 024. 2.9 52 025. 2.8 50 026. 2.7 50 027. 3.8 63 028. 3.0 53 029. 2.6 48 030. 3.7 62 031. 1.9 39 032. 2.4 46 033. 3.2 56 034. 2.7 49 035. 4.8 76 036. 2.4 46 037. 1.0 28 038. 2.7 49 039. 4.0 65 040. 4.1 68 1.6 1.2 0.7 46 60 49 1.9 1.0 0.9 54 50 5 8 NA NA NA 1.7 1.5 0.8 50 73 53 1.7 0.7 0.9 50 34 5 8 0.5 44 1.1 65 0.8 52 0.6 46 0.8 55 0.4 42 0.5 42 0.9 58 0.6 47 1.6 81 0.5 45 0.3 36 0.6 48 1.2 66 1.2 66 1.8 1.1 53 52 2.2 1.2 64 57 1.8 1.2 53 58 1.8 1.2 52 58 1.7 0.5 49 24 1.3 0.9 41 41 1.4 0.9 43 45 2.0 1.2 57 60 1.8 1.0 51 48 2.7 1.0 74 51 1.5 1.1 45 51 0.9 1.0 28 46 1.7 1.1 49 56 2.2 0.8 63 41 2.4 1.0 67 51 NOTE: On the first line of data on the second line values University Research Library support (12) (13) (14) 0.8 .33 13686 55 58 57 NA .31 29270 57 74 NA NA .13 5015 44 47 .21 NA 50 .26 2144 53 43 .23 18980 51 63 .19 8330 48 50 .33 2117 58 43 NA 1741 43 .08 2604 40 44 .31 5056 56 47 .21 4568 49 46 .19 3519 48 45 .42 59143 65 99 .14 2256 45 44 NA NA .39 2247 62 44 .11 19835 42 64 .33 8726 58 51 3.0 75 O. . 9 40 NA NA 2.0 66 0.5 44 0.3 51 0.4 45 NA O. . 1 47 NA 0.2 50 0.3 45 0.7 42 NA 0.3 51 1.8 64 1.2 59 for every program, raw values for are reported in standardized form 48 50 54 50 66 51 48 43 45 55 51 50 70 48 42 46 54 82 Published Articles (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 10 .12 .08 .10 .07 49 21 58 58 10 49 46 13 51 11 50 14 52 33 69 13 51 12 51 43 44 22 59 13 51 15 53 41 76 10 49 41 8 47 17 55 59 92 Survey Ratings Standard Error .11 .12 .08 .12 .06 NA NA .12 .08 .06 .09 .08 NA NA .09 .08 .08 .07 .14 .10 .11 .07 .08 .05 .06 .06 .10 .06 .07 .07 .12 .07 .11 .07 .19 .10 .08 .08 .11 .10 .12 .10 .10 .08 .11 .06 .05 .05 .10 .14 .12 .08 .08 .06 .09 .06 .08 .11 .08 .09 .05 .08 .10 .12 .09 .09 .07 each measure are reported; . with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NAT indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure. .06 .06 .08 .06 .05 .05 .05 .07 .07 .08

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96 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 041. Missouri, University of-Columbia Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 042. Missouri, University of-Rolla Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 043. New Jersey Institute of Technology Mechanical Engineering 044. New Mexico, University of-Albuquerque Mechanical Engineering 045. North Carolina State University-Raleigh Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 046. Northwestern University Mechanical and Nucl eat: Engineering 047. Notre Dame, University of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering 048. Ohio State University~olumbus Mechanical Engineering 049. Oklahoma State University-Stillwater Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 050. Oklahoma, University of-Norman Aerospace, Mechanical, and Nuclear Engin 051. Old Dominion University Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics* 052. - Oregon State University-Corvallis Mechanical Engineering 053. Pennsylvania State University Mechanical Engineering 054. Pennsylvania, University of Mechanical Engineering & Appl fed Mechanics 055. Pittsburgh, University of Mechanical Engineering 056. Polytech Institute of New York Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 057. Princeton University Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 058. Purdue University-West Lafayette Mechanical Engineering 059. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Mechanical, Aeronautical Engin, & Mechanics 060. Rhode Island, University of Mechanical Engineering * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 8 12 39 46 22 9 52 44 24 10 54 45 10 9 41 44 27 45 57 62 25 10 55 45 11 10 42 45 23 20 53 50 17 27 47 53 18 7 48 44 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) 41 9 .38 43 64 NA NA .08 38 40 .24 54 52 23 .15 48 45 42 49 .15 57 44 20 09 47 39 12 44 8 25 44 48 14 12 45 46 23 19 53 49 12 19 43 49 10 9 41 44 15 10 46 45 26 47 56 63 45 75 73 76 39 23 67 51 16 7 47 44 .29 5.2 57 64 6.3 55 .20 NA 7.8 44 7.7 45 5.8 59 .15 6.8 45 51 7.8 44 6.8 52 NA NA NA 20 ~ .17 47 46 13 .26 44 55 24 .38 48 64 17 46 10 .29 43 57 51 .29 57 57 59 60 64 .05 62 36 6 42 NA 6.8 52 6.8 51 7.3 47 .20 8.5 49 38 7.3 48 6.0 57 .19 5.9 48 58 7.0 50 NA NA .64 .14 45 47 .80 .13 56 46 NA NA .75 .17 53 50 .67 .15 46 48 .67 .33 46 65 .75 .08 53 42 .78 .15 55 48 .77 .36 54 68 NA NA NA NA .58 .08 40 42 .75 .30 53 62 .80 .07 56 40 .90 .10 64 43 .60 .00 41 34 .86 .28 61 60 .77 .23 54 56 .80 .30 56 62 NA NA NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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97 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Eng ineer ing Univers ity Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.4 - 0.2 NA 1976 7 .14 .11 .09 .06 37 37 41 do 46 43 46 47 042. 2.4 1.5 1.0 0.5 NA .32 3606 14 .11 .09 .08 .06 46 45 49 42 57 45 52 53 043. 1.6 1.1 1.0 0.4 NA .08 NA 0 .13 .09 .09 .07 35 35 49 42 41 40 41 044. 1.4 1.0 1.1 0.2 -1.0 .10 6575 6 .16 .12 .08 .05 33 32 55 35 39 42 48 45 45 045. 3.0 1.8 1.2 0.6 NA .11 8416 12 .12 .06 .08 .07 53 52 5 8 4 8 43 51 51 49 046. 3.5 2.0 1.2 1.1 0.3 .40 5170 36 .10 .06 .08 .08 60 58 58 64 51 63 47 72 71 047. 2.7 1.7 0.9 0.8 -1.3 .36 1544 7 .12 .08 .07 .07 49 51 45 53 36 60 43 46 46 048. 3.0 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.9 .13 10926 17 .12 .06 .08 .07 53 53 52 55 56 44 53 55 55 049. 2.7 1.7 1.1 0.7 -1.9 .06 4120 5 .11 .08 .10 .07 49 49 51 50 30 39 46 44 41 050. 2.4 1.3 0.9 0.7 -0.6 .11 1834 3 .13 .10 .10 .08 46 41 46 49 43 43 43 43 42 051. 1.8 1.2 1.1 0.3 NA .13 NA 3 .18 .12 .10 .05 39 37 56 36 44 43 48 052. 2.3 1.6 1.0 0.5 NA .07 3128 4 .14 .09 .08 .07 44 4 8 50 43 40 45 43 43 053. 2.9 1.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 .17 22901 20 .10 .05 .08 .07 52 54 42 53 55 47 67 58 66 054. 3.1 1.9 1.4 0.7 0.7 .25 4579 4 .12 .05 .09 .07 55 55 66 52 54 52 46 43 44 055. 1.8 1.3 0.8 0.3 0.1 .10 2794 5 .14 .10 .09 .05 3 8 40 36 3 8 49 42 44 44 45 056. 2.6 1.6 0.5 0.6 NA .07 5310 4 .14 .10 .09 .07 4 8 4 7 23 46 40 47 43 44 057. 4.0 2.4 1.2 1.1 0.9 .35 6358 17 .10 .06 .08 .08 66 69 59 65 56 59 48 55 SO 058. 3.9 2.3 1.0 1.2 -0.5 .20 17331 35 tog .05 .06 .07 65 66 49 69 43 49 61 71 66 059. 3.4 2.1 1.4 0.9 NA .21 7849 31 .09 .06 .07 .07 58 59 66 58 49 50 67 83 060. 2.2 1.3 1.4 0.5 NA .19 2611 4 .15 .10 .10 .06 43 41 66 43 4 8 44 43 43 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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98 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 061. Rice University Mechanical Engineering and Material s Sci 062. Rochester, University of Mechanical and Aerospace Sciences 063. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 064. SUNY at Buffalo Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 065. SUNY at Stony Brook Mechanical Engineering 066. Southern California, University of Mechanical Engineering 067. Stanford University Mechanical Engineering 068. Stevens Institute of Technology Mechanical Engineering 069. Syracuse University Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 070. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 071. Tennessee, University of-Space Institute Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering 072. Texas A & M University Nechanical Engineering 073. Texas, University of-Austin Mechanical Engineering 074. Tulane University Mechanical Engineering Vanderbilt University Mechanical and Material s Engineering 076. Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ Mechanical Engineering 077. Virginia, University of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering 078. Washington University-Saint Louis Mechanical Engineering 079. Washington, University of-Seattle Mechanical Engineering 080. Wayne State University Mechanical Engineering * indicates program was initiated since 1970. Program Size (01) (02) (03) 14 20 45 50 16 27 47 53 14 45 21 51 15 22 46 51 10 41 36 54 65 66 16 6 47 43 7 14 38 47 19 14 49 47 13 10 44 45 34 15 63 47 35 42 64 60 6 9 37 44 10 10 41 45 28 12 57 46 24 12 54 46 12 43 33 62 15 46 15 45 11 13 45 44 12 17 46 46 19 13 49 44 Characteristics of Program Graduates (04) (05) (06) (07) .19 5.4 48 62 32 .11 51 41 5 82 NA 43 68 13 12 46 44 33 51 9 8 44 43 107 77 10 43 1 .29 40 57 17 .08 46 39 16 45 18 46 55 .20 59 49 42 9 43 23 .39 48 65 .46 71 NA .09 NA 39 .05 7.2 35 48 NA NA .30 6.1 58 57 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA .19 8.0 48 42 .24 8.8 52 37 .75 53 6.6 .78 53 55 NA NA .80 56 .38 25 NA .82 57 NA 7.5 .69 46 48 6.5 .50 54 34 NA NA 7.3 .61 47 42 NA NA 6.0 .92 57 66 6.8 .64 52 44 NA NA .81 57 .38 25 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. .06 40 .17 50 NA .10 43 .00 34 NA .19 51 NA .23 55 .08 42 NA NA .10 43 NA NA .00 34 .27 59 NA .25 57 .06 40

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99 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog SurveY Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. 3.0 1.8 1.1 0.6 -1.4 .43 1782 5 .12 .08 .08 .06 53 53 51 4 8 35 65 43 44 44 062. 2.6 1.7 1.0 0.4 -0.6 .19 16764 5 .17 .09 .12 .06 49 49 51 42 42 48 60 44 44 063. 2.5 1.6 0.8 0.6 0.8 .21 1877 5 .12 .08 .12 .06 47 46 38 47 55 50 43 44 44 064. 2.6 1.6 0.9 0.6 0.3 .24 3019 17 .13 .09 .12 .07 4 8 4 8 41 46 51 52 44 55 55 065. 2.9 1.8 0.9 0.5 -0.6 .53 1539 1 .13 .09 .13 .06 51 52 45 45 42 72 43 41 41 066. 2.4 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.4 .30 18269 6 .15 .08 .06 .06 45 45 50 44 51 56 62 45 45 067. 4.6 2.7 1.1 1.6 2.0 .47 25196 13 .07 .05 .04 .06 74 75 52 79 67 68 70 51 49 068. 2.0 1.2 0.9 0.4 NA .13 2313 2 .14 .11 .11 .06 41 38 44 42 44 44 42 41 069. 2.1 1.4 0.8 0.5 -0.3 NA 4063 2 .15 .10 .07 .06 42 41 39 42 45 46 42 42 070. 2.1 1.4 0.9 0.4 -0.4 .05 4266 1 .12 .09 .08 .05 42 42 45 40 44 39 46 41 42 071. 1.8 1.4 0.8 0.3 NA .00 NA 0 .16 .10 .11 .06 39 43 41 3 7 35 40 41 072. 2.4 1.5 1.3 0.7 0.5 .03 18988 10 .13 .08 .08 .06 46 45 63 49 44 3 7 63 49 55 073. 3.3 2.0 1.4 0.8 1.6 .23 10517 19 .10 .07 .08 .08 57 57 69 54 63 51 53 57 57 074. 1.9 1.2 0.7 0.5 -1.0 NA NA 3 .17 .10 .13 .06 39 38 36 43 39 43 41 075. 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.4 -0.7 .20 NA 5 .18 .13 .09 .06 41 46 51 41 42 49 44 44 076. 3.0 1.9 1.2 0.6 -0.0 .07 7243 17 .12 .07 .08 .07 53 54 5 8 4 8 4 8 40 49 55 56 077. 2.6 1.9 1.3 0.7 0.7 .13 4673 14 .12 .06 .09 .07 49 54 61 50 55 44 46 52 80 078. 2.4 1.5 1.2 0.4 -0.4 .42 5257 2 .15 .09 .10 .06 46 45 57 42 45 64 47 42 41 079. 3.1 1.8 0.8 0.8 1.5 .09 5430 6 .11 .09 .08 .07 54 51 40 53 61 41 47 45 44 080. 2.2 1.4 1.2 0.4 -0.4 .40 2693 3 .13 .11 .12 .06 44 43 5 7 42 45 63 44 43 43 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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100 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering Prog No. University - Department/Academic Unit 081. Wisconsin, University of-Madison Mechanical Engineering 082. Yale University Engineering and Appl fed Science * indicates program was initiated since 1970 ~ . Program Size (01) (02) (03) 32 53 54 61 66 58 9 6 13 40 43 44 ~ Characteristics of Program Graduates (04J (05) (06) (07) .15 6.3 .75 .34 45 55 52 66 NA NA NA NA NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. r

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101 TABLE 6.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Mechanical Engineering University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (15) (16) (08) (09) (10) (11) 081. 3.5 2.1 1.0 1.0 1.6 .22 9919 28 .11 .06 .07 .07 60 61 51 62 62 50 52 65 54 082. 3.1 1.7 0.8 0.8 2.1 NA 2510 5 .15 .08 .08 .07 54 49 40 55 67 44 44 43 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only values in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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102 TABLE 6.2 Sununary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Mechanical Engineering Number of Programs Measure Evaluated Program Size 01 Raw Value 82 Std Value 82 02 Raw Value 82 Std Value 82 03 Raw Value 79 Std Value 79 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value Std Value 05 Raw Value Std Value 06 Raw Value Std Value 07 Raw Value Std Value Survey Results 08 Raw Value Std Value 09 Raw Value Std Value 10 Raw Value Std Value 11 Raw Value Std Value University Library 12 Raw Value Std Value Research Support 13 Raw Value Std Value 14 Raw Value Std Value Publication Records 15 Raw Value Std Value 16 Std Value Standard Mean Deviation 20 50 21 50 29 50 59 .21 59 50 58 7.0 58 50 57 .71 57 50 57 .17 57 50 81 2.7 81 50 81 1.7 81 50 81 1.0 81 50 81 .7 81 50 59 59 71 .22 71 50 70 7893 70 50 82 82 82 .2 1 50 11 11 50 10 50 10 1 2 11 10 21 10 29 10 .11 10 1.3 10 .13 10 .11 10 .8 10 .4 10 .2 10 .3 10 1.1 10 8 39 7 44 7 42 .05 35 8.6 38 .50 34 .04 38 11 42 9 44 11 44 .10 40 7.8 44 .61 42 .08 42 1.8 2.1 38 42 1.2 1.4 38 43 .8 .9 39 44 .3 .4 37 40 1.3 36 .14 .05 10 38 8769 1976 10 43 2 42 41 .7 42 09 41 2450 44 3 43 43 3 4 14 15 45 46 11 12 45 46 13 16 44 45 .15 .17 45 46 7.5 7.3 46 48 .67 .69 47 48 .09 .14 43 47 2.3 2. 44 4 1.5 1. 45 .9 44 .5 44 -.5 -.4 44 44 .12 .15 43 45 3019 4063 44 46 4 5 43 44 44 45 D E C I L E S 5 6 7 8 9 16 19 47 49 13 17 46 48 18 24 46 48 .20 .24 49 53 6.9 6.8 51 51 .75 .77 53 55 .16 .18 49 51 2.7 50 1.7 48 50 1.0 1.0 49 49 .6 .6 47 47 2.9 52 1.8 53 1.1 54 .7 50 .1 .3 47 51 20 .22 49 50 5015 5430 47 47 8 10 47 49 47 49 23 27 53 57 19 22 49 51 31 43 51 55 .28 .29 56 57 6.2 5.9 56 58 .80 .80 57 57 .23 .28 55 60 3.0 3.3 53 57 1.9 2.0 55 58 1.1 1.2 54 59 .8 .9 54 57 .8 1.2 55 59 34 63 44 61 57 59 .38 65 5.5 61 .87 62 .33 65 3.9 65 2.3 65 1.3 64 1.1 64 .29 .33 .40 55 58 63 . 8330 10517 18269 50 53 62 13 17 51 55 51 55 22 59 65 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here. Since the scale used to compute measure 16 is entirely arbitrary, only data in standardized form are reported for this measure.

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103 TABLE 6.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 82 Programs in Mechanical Engineering Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Program Size 01 .66 .64 -.12 .06 .09 .18 .65 .67 .34 .69 .35 .11 .60 .65 .59 02 .78 -.11 .17 -.01 .12 .67 .68 .17 .70 .32 .33 .58 .69 .52 03 -.14 .09 -.01 .01 .64 .67 .25 .67 .46 .33 .46 .56 .45 Program Graduates 04 .20 .03 -.09 .08 .09 -.08 .07 .07 -.03 .04 -.05 .02 05 -.14 .29 .37 .33 -.05 .35 -.10 .23 .19 .21 .18 06 .30 .03 .03 .16 .08 .06 -.19 .03 .16 .10 07 .19 .20 .19 .29 .04 .02 .13 .21 .20 Survey Results 08 .97 .14 .95 .52 .52 .52 .70 .57 09 .21 .92 .52 .50 .52 .71 .61 10 .13 .12 .11 .07 .22 .24 11 .51 .45~.61 .73 .60 University Library 12 Research Support 13 14 Publication Records 15 16 .10 .20 .38 .36 .31 .19 .49 .42 .88 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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104 5 . 0++ + 4.0++ + + + + Measure + 3. 0++ 08 + + + + 2. 0++ + + 1 .0++ + + + + + * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * v . O +/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++ 1 4 9 16 Measure 01 (square root scale) * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * /+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/+++++++++++++/ 25 36 49 64 FIGURE 6.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--81 programs in mechanical engineering.

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105 3.0++ + + + 2.0++ + * * * * * * *** * * * ** ** * * * * * *** * * ~ Measure + * * *** * ~ * * ** * * 09 + * * * ~ + * * *1 + * * * * + * * 1.0++ + * * * * + + * ** * * ~.O +/++++++++/++++++++/++++++++/++++++++/++++++++/++++++++/++++++++/+++++++- 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 Measure 02 tsquare root scale) * * * /+ ++ + + + + +/+ + + + ++ ++/+ +++ ++++/ 81 100 121 144 EIGURE 6.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last five years (measure 02)--81 programs in mechanical englneerlng.

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106 TABLE 6.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Mechanical Engineering Respondents N % Field of Specialization Engineering Mechanics 15 10 Mechanical Engineering 114 79 Other/Unknown 15 10 Faculty Rank Professor 99 69 Associate Professor 30 21 Assistant Professor 15 10 Year of Highest Degree Pre-1950 5 4 1950-59 24 17 1960-69 79 55 Post-1969 36 25 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 132 92 Other 12 8 Survey Form With Faculty Names 127 88 Without Names 17 12 Total Evaluators 144 100

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107 5.0 Mean Survey Rating "measure 08) 2.0 1.0 0.0 FIGURE 6.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 81 programs in mechanical engineering. NOTE. Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appear ing at the top of the page. The broken 1 ines (---) indicate a conf idence interval of +1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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