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Van Psychology Programs In this chapter 150 research-doctorate programs in psychology are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 10,582 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 70 percent of the aggregate number of psychology doctorates earned from U.S. universities in this fiv~year span.1 The relatively low percentage of doctorates covered in this discipline may be explained, in part, by the decisions of some study coordinators not to include university programs in clinical psy- chology, counseling, and/or educational psychology. These three fields account for more than half of the doctoral degrees awarded in psychology in recent years. On the average, 102 full-time and part- time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a program in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 29 members.2 Five programs were initiated since 1970, and each of two universities-- University of California at Irvine and University of Kansas--has two psychology programs included in the assessment. In addition to the 148 institutions represented in this discipline, another 10 were initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment: American University Boston College University of Nevada--Reno University of Northern Colorado--Greeley 'Data from the NRC' s Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that a total of 15,066 doctorates in fields of psychology were awarded by U.S. uni- versities between FY1976 and FY1980. Of this total, 5,023 were in clinical psychology, 1,414 in counseling, and 1,417 in educational/ school psychology. 2 See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 9.2. 3As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 22 doctorates in psychology during the PY1976-78 period. 129

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130 California School of Professional Psychology--Fresno California School of Professional Psychology--Los Angeles Memphis State University University of Texas, Health Science Center--Dallas Saint John's University U.S. International University The last six institutions chose not to participate in the assessment in any discipline. Psychology programs at the other four institutions have not been included in the evaluations in this discipline, since in each case the study coordinator either indicated that the institution did not at that time have a research-doctorate program in psychology or failed to provide the information requested by the committee. It should be mentioned that the U.S. International University alone ac- counted for more than 700 doctorates awarded in the FY1976-80 period. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 8.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 16 measures4 used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics describing every measure are given in Table 8.2. For all but two of the measures, data are reported for at least 130 of the 150 psychology programs. For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a univer- sity library, data are available for 86 programs; for measure 14, the total university expenditures for research in this discipline, data are available for 79 programs. The programs not evaluated on measures 12 and 14 are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other psychology programs. Were data on these two measures available for all 150 programs, it is likely that their reported means would be appreciably lower (and that some of the corre- lations of these measures with others would be higher). Intercorrelations among the 16 measures (Pearson product-moment co- efficients) are given in Table 8.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the reputational survey ratings {08 and 09) with the fraction of recent graduates employed in Ph.D.-granting uni- versities {measure 07), the university library size (measure 12), and the total number of recently published articles by program faculty (measure 17~. Figure 8.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 150 programs in psychology. Figure 8.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) 4In psychology, data are also available on measure 15, the number of published {1978-79) articles attributed to a program, and measure 16, the estimated coverall influence" of these articles. These measures are reported in Appendix J and differ markedly from measures 17 and 18 reported here. For a discussion of measures 15 and 16, see the com- mittee's report on the mathematical and physical sciences.

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131 against the total number of FY1976-80 program graduates (measure 02~. Although in both figures there is a significant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating, it is quite apparent that some of the smaller programs received high mean ratings. Table 8.4 describes the 280 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of psychology programs. These individuals constituted 62 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 7 percent of the faculty population in the 150 research-doctorate pro- grams being evaluated.5 More than three-fourths of the survey parti- ciPants were in nonclinical areas of psychology, with the largest num- ~ A majority of the survey participants had earned their highest degree prior to 1970, and approx- imately half held the rank of full professor. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 150 psychology programs (and are Liven in Table 8.11. For each program the mean rating and an associ- ated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 8.3 (listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In com- paring two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean rat- ings at a .05 level of significance.6 From this figure it is also apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses. _, ~ hers in experimental and social psychology. . . . . . . s see Table 2.3 in Chapter II. 6 See pp. 30-32 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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132 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. Adelphi University 13 19 43 .16 5.8 .52 .13 Psychology 41 39 42 40 55 33 42 002. Alabama, University of-Tuscaloosa 23 45 102 .52 5.6 .68 .27 Experimental and Cl inical Psychology 47 45 50 56 56 49 52 003. Arizona State University-Tempe 21 71 86 .39 5.4 .61 .16 Psychology 46 50 48 50 59 42 45 004. Arizona, University of-Tucson 29 72 89 .67 5.3 .54 .14 Psychology 50 50 48 62 60 35 43 005. Arkansas, University-Fayetteville 20 38 41 .32 7.1 .68 .11 Psychol ogy 45 43 42 4 7 40 4 8 41 006. Auburn University 33 50 70 .07 5.3 .88 .16 Psychol ogy 52 46 46 36 60 6 8 45 007. Baylor University-Waco 8 NA 8 .03 5.4 .55 .13 Psychology* 39 37 35 58 36 42 008. Boston University 38 111 189 .66 8.0 .65 .09 Psychology 55 58 62 62 30 46 40 009. Bowling Green State University 31 82 89 .30 5.4 .76 .21 Psychol ogy 51 52 4 8 46 5 8 56 4 8 010. Brandeis University 14 14 18 .33 7.1 .87 .40 Psychol ogy 42 3 8 3 8 4 8 40 6 7 62 011. Brigham Young University 18 44 75 .09 5.3 .82 .18 Psychol ogy 44 44 46 3 7 59 62 46 012. Brown University 16 28 26 .52 5.2 .85 .70 Psychology 43 41 40 56 61 65 84 013. Bryn Mawr College 7 11 10 NA NA NA NA Psychology 38 37 37 014. CUNY-Graduate School 158 233 509 .22 7.8 .58 .16 Psychology 99 84 99 43 33 39 45 015. California Schl of Prof Psychology-Berkeley 21 225 242 .14 6.5 .74 .12 Psychology* 46 82 69 39 47 54 41 016. California Schl of Prof Psychology-San Diego 17 213 266 .02 5.1 .78 .07 Psychol ogy * 44 80 73 34 62 59 3 8 017. California, University of-Berkeley 40 104 124 .64 7.4 .70 .28 Psychology 56 57 53 60 37 51 53 018. California, University of-Davis 22 19 30 .23 5.4 .77 .39 Psychol ogy 46 39 40 43 5 8 5 7 61 019. California, University of-Irvine 20 41 39 .16 6.0 .57 .19 Cognitive Sci/Social Relations (Social Sci J 45 44 41 40 52 38 47 020. California, University of-Irvine 15 29 30 .95 4.6 .86 .67 Psychobiology (Schl of Biological Science) 43 41 40 74 67 66 82 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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133 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) (10) (11) 001. 1.2 0.8 0.7 0.3 NA .08 NA 14 .39 .12 .11 .14 .05 37 33 35 40 43 39 33 002. 2.4 1.5 1.1 0.5 -1.3 .00 NA 28 .52 .18 .15 .10 .07 48 48 51 44 36 38 42 42 003. 2.6 1.6 1.1 0.8 -0.3 .24 457 91 .95 .10 .08 .11 .07 51 50 49 52 46 52 45 52 68 004. 2.3 1.4 1.3 0.6 0.9 .03 NA 61 .66 .11 .11 .15 .07 48 47 58 47 58 40 47 50 005. 1.4 1.0 0.8 0.2 NA .00 NA 45 .50 .12 .16 .11 .04 38 38 36 38 38 44 40 006. 1.7 0.9 1.6 0.3 NA .00 NA 122 .67 .17 .23 .15 .06 41 37 71 40 38 57 50 007. 1.1 0.8 1.0 0.2 NA NA NA 2 NA .17 .15 .16 .05 35 33 44 38 37 008. 2.9 1.7 1.3 0.7 -0.4 .13 NA 68 .68 .11 .08 .09 .06 53 52 5 8 49 46 46 4 8 51 009. 2.4 1.7 1.1 0.6 NA .19 500 90 .74 .10 .08 .10 .06 49 53 49 4 8 49 45 51 55 010. 2.6 1.5 0.9 0.7 NA .43 253 33 .64 .12 .10 .13 .06 50 4 8 42 49 63 43 42 49 011. 1.6 NA NA 0.2 -0.6 .11 NA 34 .61 .16 NA NA .04 40 3 8 43 45 43 4 7 012. 3.6 2.2 0.9 1.0 -1.1 .63 449 49 .75 .13 .09 .10 .08 61 62 40 56 39 74 45 45 55 013. 1.9 1.5 0.9 0.4 NA NA NA 26 NA .23 .20 .11 .08 43 4 8 41 44 41 014. 3.6 2.0 0.8 1.1 NA .13 342 186 .42 .10 .07 .11 .07 61 5 8 39 59 46 44 6 7 35 015. 1.0 0.5 1.2 0.3 NA .00 NA 4 .19 .20 .13 .12 .05 35 28 55 40 38 38 21 016. 0.7 0.2 1.2 0.3 NA .00 NA 5 .24 .18 .10 .09 .05 31 22 54 39 38 3 8 24 017. 4.4 2.3 0.9 1.6 2.2 .53 2204 130 .83 .08 .08 .07 .06 69 65 40 71 71 69 61 5 8 60 018. 2.3 1.5 0.9 0.5 0.6 .23 NA 92 .86 .11 .10 .16 .05 4 8 4 8 44 45 56 51 52 62 019. 2.7 1.5 1.1 0.4 NA .15 NA 22 .40 .18 .13 .17 .07 51 48 49 44 47 41 34 020. 3.1 1.9 1.2 0.5 NA . 67 NA 27 .53 .15 .10 .16 .06 55 5 7 55 44 77 41 42 NOTE: On the first line of data for every uroaram. raw un1 ,,~c for each met arm rearm on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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134 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Characteristics of Prog Prouram Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 021. California, University of-Los Angeles Psychol ogy 022. California, University of-Riverside Psychol ogy 023. California, University of-San Diego Psychol ogy California, University of-Santa Barbara Psychol ogy 025. Carnegie-Mellon University Psychol ogy and Ed ucation 026. Case Western Reserve University Cl inical Psychol ogy 027. Catholic University of America Psychol ogy 028. Chicago, University of Behavioral Sciences 68 138 189 71 64 62 14 28 42 41 22 56 46 47 25 40 48 43 17 16 44 38 13 51 41 46 19 116 163 45 59 5 8 60 57 67 47 217 66 .68 6.3 62 49 47 .59 42 58 35 .66 41 62 54 .53 43 56 15 .81 38 68 10 .65 37 61 .27 8.3 45 27 .65 7.4 61 37 .70 .36 51 59 6.1 .62 51 43 5.8 .83 54 63 6.4 .70 48 51 6.3 .88 49 68 5.8 .73 54 53 .35 59 .44 65 .40 62 .47 67 .18 46 .66 .05 47 36 .77 .45 58 66 029. Cincinnati, University of 39 76 131 .45 6.1 .65 .24 Psychol ogy 56 51 54 53 51 46 50 030. Claremont Graduate School 21 37 112 .70 9.8 .64 .23 Psychology 46 43 51 63 11 45 49 031. Clark University 16 18 37 .87 7.8 .93 .33 Psychol ogy 43 39 41 70 33 73 5 7 032; Colorado State Vniversity-Fort Collins 29 50 64 .04 6.8 .67 .18 Psychology 50 46 45 35 44 48 46 033. Colorado, University of 45 123 155 .75 6.3 .60 .26 Psychology 59 61 57 65 48 41 52 034. Columbia Teachers College 37 222 300 .43 8.4 .59 .13 Psychology 55 82 77 52 26 40 42 035. Columbia University 18 41 37 .37 6.6 .78 .33 Psychology 44 44 41 49 45 58 57 036. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 44 90 119 .62 6.2 .73 .31 Psychology 58 54 52 60 50 54 55 037. Cornell University-Ithaca 34 56 38 .60 6.2 .77 .35 Psychology 53 47 41 59 50 57 58 038. Delaware, University of-Newark 20 45 61 .26 6.5 .62 .13 Psychology 45 45 44 45 47 43 42 039. Denver, University of 30 45 84 .65 6.9 .56 .15 Psychology 51 45 48 61 42 38 43 040. DePau1 University 18 34 65 .19 6.4 .82 .11 Psychol ogy 44 42 45 41 4 7 62 41 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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135 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) (10) (11) 021. 4.3 2.3 1.3 1.5 2.0 .44 2766 319 .82 .07 .07 .07 .06 68 65 57 69 69 64 66 88 60 022. 2.1 1.4 0.8 0.5 -1.0 .29 224 65 .79 .14 .14 .14 .07 46 46 39 45 39 55 43 47 58 023. 4.2 2.3 1.4 1.4 -0.0 .59 693 79 .77 .09 .07 .08 .07 66 63 64 65 49 72 47 50 57 024. 3.3 1.9 1.1 1.0 -0.1 .48 480 91 .72 .09 .08 .10 .07 57 57 51 57 48 66 45 52 54 025. 4.0 2.3 1.6 1.2 NA .35 847 79 .82 .09 .07 .07 .07 65 65 72 62 59 49 50 60 026. 1.7 1.2 0.4 0.3 -1.3 .08 397 19 .46 .17 .16 .16 .05 41 43 22 40 36 43 44 40 38 027. 2.2 1.4 1.1 0.5 NA .11 NA 28 .79 .15 .14 .10 .07 46 47 52 44 44 42 58 028. 4.2 2.2 1.1 1.4 0.9 .40 1114 187 .82 .08 .07 .09 .07 67 62 51 66 58 61 51 67 60 029. 2.3 1.5 0.9 0.6 -0.2 .00 NA 84 .62 .12 .09 .09 .07 48 47 40 49 47 38 51 47 030. 2.4 1.4 1.3 0.5 NA .29 NA 54 .81 .14 .13 .10 .06 49 46 60 46 55 46 59 031. 2.4 1.6 0.9 0.7 NA .19 NA 32 .75 .12 .09 .09 .07 49 51 42 50 49 42 55 032. 1.8 1.2 1.1 0.3 -1.1 .17 NA 96 .83 .13 .10 .11 .05 42 42 49 41 38 48 52 60 033. 3.9 2.2 1.3 1.4 -0.9 .31 2197 203 .76 .08 .06 .09 .07 64 63 60 66 41 56 61 69 56 034. 3.0 1.7 0.7 0.8 NA .08 240 50 .54 .11 .10 .10 .07 54 52 36 53 43 43 45 43 035. 4.0 2.2 0.7 1.3 1.7 .44 365 55 .83 .10 .06 .09 .08 64 62 32 65 67 64 44 46 61 036. 3.4 2.0 1.2 1.1 -0.5 .21 2886 120 .73 .08 .06 .09 .07 58 58 55 60 44 50 68 56 54 037. 3.9 2.1 1.3 1.3 1.6 .29 2155 72 .71 .09 .06 .10 .07 63 61 58 65 66 55 61 49 53 038. 2.0 1.3 1.3 0.5 NA .25 NA 49 .50 .13 .12 .11 .06 45 44 57 45 53 45 40 039. 3.0 1.8 1.4 0.9 NA .37 704 73 .73 .12 .09 .09 .08 54 53 65 54 59 47 49 54 040. 1.1 0.8 NA 0.2 NA .00 NA 35 .56 .14 .17 NA .04 36 34 38 38 43 44 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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136 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Character istics of Prog Program Size Prouram Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 041. Detroit, University of 11 27 50 .07 5.8 .93 .00 Psychology 40 41 43 36 55 73 33 042. Duke University 33 64 81 .94 5.9 .63 .39 Psychology 52 49 47 74 53 44 61 043. Emory University 20 46 60 .67 5.6 .60 .24 Psychol ogy 45 45 44 62 56 41 51 044. Florida State University-Tallahassee 29 112 149 .64 5.5 .71 .24 Psychology 50 59 56 61 58 52 50 045. Florida, University of-Gainesville 41 126 178 .57 5.7 .63 .27 Psychol ogy 5 7 62 60 5 8 56 44 53 046. Fordham University 30 76 139 .25 7.5 .69 .09 Psychol ogy 51 51 55 44 36 50 39 047. Fuller Theological Seminary-Pasadena 14 57 150 .10 8.5 .67 .08 Psychol ogy 4 2 4 7 5 7 3 8 25 4 8 3 8 048. George Washington University 19 61 142 .43 7.2 .70 .07 Psychol ogy 45 4 8 55 52 39 50 3 8 049. Georgia State University-Atlanta 29 80 152 .06 7.1 .53 .11 Psychol ogy 50 52 5 7 36 40 34 41 050. Georgia, University of-Athens 38 167 200 .28 5.4 .73 .20 Psychology 55 70 63 45 59 53 47 051. Harvard University 27 113 82 .62 5.8 .71 .51 Psychology and Social Relations 49 59 47 60 54 52 70 052. Hawaii, University of 25 66 NA .24 7.0 .49 .13 Psychol ogy 4 8 49 43 41 31 42 053. Hofstra University 7 32 75 .00 6.1 .73 .07 Psychol ogy * 3 8 42 46 33 51 54 3 8 054. Houston, University of 32 122 146 .51 6.5 .65 .21 Psychology 52 61 56 55 47 46 48 055. Illinois Institute of Technology 17 86 197 .02 7.0 .57 .06 Psychol ogy 44 53 63 34 41 3 8 3 7 056. Illinois, University of-Chicago Circle 35 29 108 .13 6.0 .71 .18 Psychol ogy 53 41 51 39 52 52 46 057. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 56 116 145 .56 6.3 .80 .41 Psychol ogy 65 59 56 5 7 4 8 61 63 058. Indiana University-Bloomington 40 79 109 .42 5.6 .88 .43 Psychology 56 52 51 51 56 68 64 059. Iowa State University-Ames 31 47 50 .23 5.1 .75 .23 Psychol ogy 51 45 43 43 61 56 49 060. Iowa, University of-Iowa City 32 54 56 .49 5.7 .66 .41 Psychol ogy 52 46 44 54 55 4 7 63 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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137 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog SurveY Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 0.8 NA NA 0.1 NA .00 NA 9 .27 .15 NA NA .03 33 35 3 8 39 26 042. 3.7 2.1 0.9 1.2 0.3 .36 359 75 .70 .09 .06 .10 .07 61 60 44 61 53 59 44 49 52 043. 2.3 1.5 0.8 0.6 -0.6 .25 183 61 .60 .12 .11 .14 .07 48 49 39 48 43 53 42 47 46 044. 2.8 1.7 1.0 0.9 -0.4 .35 1362 65 .69 .11 .09 .11 .08 53 53 48 55 45 58 53 47 52 045. 2.9 1.8 1.1 1.0 0.8 .24 809 155 .76 .09 .08 .10 .07 54 54 49 56 57 52 48 62 56 046. 1.7 1.0 NA 0.2 NA .00 NA 17 .17 .16 .17 NA .05 42 3 8 39 3 8 40 20 047. 1.4 0.8 NA 0.2 NA .00 NA 11 .43 .19 .17 NA .05 39 34 38 38 39 36 048. 1.8 1.1 NA 0.2 NA .11 NA 21 .37 .16 .11 NA .05 42 41 39 44 40 32 049. 2.0 1.3 1.4 0.5 NA .07 230 91 .59 .13 .13 .12 .06 45 44 61 44 42 43 52 45 050. 2.7 1.7 1.4 0.8 0.4 .13 927 196 .84 .10 .09 .09 .07 52 53 62 53 54 46 49 68 61 051. 4.6 2.3 0.9 1.6 3.0 .52 1664 173 .85 .07 .08 .10 .06 70 64 41 72 79 68 56 65 62 052. 2.6 1.5 1.0 0.7 -0.1 .24 NA 74 .76 .11 .11 .12 .07 50 47 47 51 48 52 49 56 053. 0.7 0.5 NA 0.2 NA NA NA 11 NA .14 .15 NA .04 31 29 38 39 054. 2.9 1.6 1.6 0.9 -0.9 .19 743 79 .69 .10 .08 .09 .06 54 51 71 55 40 49 48 50 52 055. 1.3 0.7 NA 0.2 NA .00 265 31 .71 .15 .14 NA .05 3 7 33 39 3 8 43 42 53 056. 2.9 1.6 1.4 0.9 NA .17 215 122 .80 .10 .07 .10 .07 53 51 62 55 4 8 43 5 7 5 8 057. 4.2 2.5 1.1 1.5 2.0 .32 1948 208 .73 .08 .06 .08 .06 67 67 51 69 69 57 59 70 54 058. 3.9 2.3 1.1 1.2 0.9 .50 992 104 .70 .09 .07 .09 .07 63 64 50 62 59 6 7 50 54 52 059. 2.1 1.3 0.8 0.3 -0.5 .10 354 101 .71 .16 .16 .14 .06 45 45 3 7 41 44 44 44 53 53 060. 3.3 2.0 0.7 1.1 0.3 .19 532 120 .69 .10 .08 .11 .07 58 59 36 59 52 49 46 56 52 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported: on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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138 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Character istics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 061. Johns Hopkins University 15 45 48 .76 4.3 .73 .41 Psychol ogy 43 45 43 66 70 54 62 062. Kansas State University-Manhattan 17 29 24 .45 5.1 .58 .23 Psychology 44 41 39 53 62 39 49 063. Kansas, University of 42 79 136 .41 6.1 .72 .38 Human Development and Family Life 57 52 55 51 51 52 60 064. Kansas, University of 44 114 116 .53 6.0 .72 .22 Psychology 58 59 52 56 52 53 49 065. Kent State University 30 76 120 .22 5.8 .87 .19 Psychology 51 51 52 43 54 67 47 066. Kentucky, University of 21 46 84 .28 7.0 .77 .19 Psychology 46 45 48 45 41 57 46 067. Long Island University-Brooklyn Center 10 65 95 .00 6.7 .57 .02 Psychology 40 49 49 - 33 45 38 34 068. Louisiana State University-Baton Rouge 18 62 73 .39 6.0 .49 .12 Psychology 44 48 46 50 52 31 41 069. Louisville, University of 22 43 72 .29 6.0 .74 .24 Psychology 46 44 46 46 52 54 50 070. Loyola University of Chicago 37 60 130 .25 6.2 .78 .19 Psychology 55 48 54 44 50 58 47 071. Maryland, University of-College Park 41 98 172 .41 5.4 .74 .16 Psychol ogy 5 7 56 60 51 59 54 45 072. Massachusetts Institute of Technology 15 25 31 .80 4.6 .84 .52 Psychol ogy 43 40 40 6 7 6 7 64 71 073. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 54 133 162 .50 6.2 .70 .27 Psychology 64 63 58 55 50 50 52 074. Miami University-Ohio 23 52 25 .33 6.9 .82 .13 Psychology 47 46 39 48 42 62 42 075. Miami, University of-Florida 19 67 69 .45 6.0 .55 .22 Psychology 45 49 45 53 52 37 49 076. Michigan State University-East Lansing 55 137 175 .57 6.3 .70 .30 Psychology 64 64 60 57 49 51 54 077. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor 111 222 259 .64 6.4 .69 .39 Psychology 95 82 72 61 48 50 61 078. Minnesota, University of 58 162 222 .46 6.9 .72 .29 Psychol ogy 66 69 66 53 43 53 54 079. Mississippi, University of-Oxford 11 33 65 .17 5.8 .76 .21 Psychology 40 42 45 41 54 56 48 080. Missouri, University of-Columbia 26 63 58 .39 6.6 .52 .19 Psychology 49 48 44 50 45 33 47 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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139 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Prog No. (08) 061. 3.8 62 062. 2.5 50 063. 3.1 56 064. 3.4 58 065. 2.3 48 066. 1.9 43 067. 1.3 38 068. 1.8 42 069. 1.9 43 070. 2.2 47 071. 2. 9 54 072. 3.7 62 073. 3.3 57 074. 2.1 45 075. 2.3 47 076. 3.1 56 077. 4.5 70 078. 4.3 68 079. 1.1 36 080. 2.5 50 NOTE: On the f irst 1 Survey Results (09) 2.1 60 1.5 48 1.9 57 2.0 59 1.5 48 1.2 43 0.6 3 1.0 38 1.3 44 1.5 48 1.8 1.1 55 5 2.3 0.8 63 40 1.9 1.3 56 57 1.4 1.2 46 53 1.3 1.3 44 57 1.9 1.0 57 48 2.5 0.8 67 37 2.5 1.1 69 49 0~7 1.2 32 53 1.6 0.8 50 39 (10) (11) 0.7 1.1 35 60 0.8 0~5 40 46 1.0 0.6 48 47 1.3 1.1 59 60 1.0 0.5 47 45 1.0 0.4 48 43 NA 0.3 40 0.9 0.3 44 4 1.2 0.4 55 43 1.2 0.6 53 47 0.9 56 0.9 56 1.2 6 0.4 42 0.5 46 0.9 55 1.6 70 1.6 7 0.3 39 0.7 49 University Research Library Supper t (12) (13) (14) -0.4 .53 642 45 69 47 NA .18 NA 48 0.1 .14 3904 50 46 77 0.1 .09 3904 50 43 77 1.8 .20 NA 32 50 -0. 1 .14 49 46 NA .00 38 -0.3 .06 46 4 NA . 14 46 NA . 16 47 0.2 5 0.3 46 0.7 42 0.8 42 NA 0.3 53 1.8 67 1.2 6 NA 0.2 48 NA Published Articles (17) (18) 66 .87 48 63 63 .82 47 60 114 .71 55 53 165 .80 63 58 87 .67 51 50 NA 39 .4 8 43 39 NA 3 .20 38 22 224 10 .39 43 39 33 NA 60 .86 47 62 238 70 .51 43 4 8 4 .12 684 101 .66 45 47 53 50 .73 1982 39 .87 81 59 43 63 .35 891 132 .72 59 49 58 54 .04 NA 59 .78 41 47 57 .05 NA 74 .79 41 49 58 .09 1749 43 57 .32 4714 57 85 .33 3408 57 72 tog NA 43 .23 395 52 44 150 6 274 8 221 72 21 40 160 63 ine of data for every program, raw values for on the second line values are reported in standardized fore standard deviation = 10. "NA" Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) (11) .10 .06 .09 .07 .13 .11 .12 .08 .18 .12 .07 .08 .10 .07 .10 .07 .15 .11 .08 .06 .13 .11 .15 .13 .14 .14 .09 .11 .12 .12 .14 .06 NA .05 .14 .05 .08 .06 .13 .07 .10 .06 .07 .07 .12 .11 .09 .08 .08 .05 .09 .07 .11 .11 .14 .06 .11 .09 .14 .06 .71 53 .70 53 .74 55 .55 43 .89 64 .10 .06 .10 .07 .07 .07 .07 .06 .08 .06 .07 .06 .14 .12 .15 .05 .12 .09 .13 .07 each measure are reported; , with mean = 50 and indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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144 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 121. Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 37 83 104 .46 6.2 .80 .32 Psychol ogy 55 53 50 53 50 60 56 122. Southern Mississippi, Univ of-Hattiesburg 17 99 88 .03 5.5 .52 .03 Psychology 44 56 48 35 57 33 35 123. Stanford University 26 81 68 .70 5.1 .83 .58 Psychol ogy 49 52 45 63 62 63 75 124. Syracuse University 29 92 136 .54 5.8 .61 .19 Psychol ogy 50 54 55 56 54 42 4 7 125. Temple University 40 81 150 .42 7.4 .70 .07 Psychology 56 52 57 51 37 51 38 126. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 27 125 166 .32 6.0 .63 .07 Psychology 49 61 59 47 52 44 38 127. Texas Christian University 15 32 36 .07 5.8 .71 .32 Psychology 43 42 41 36 55 52 56 128. Texas Tech University-Lubbock 19 87 137 .15 6.5 .65 .10 Psychology 45 53 55 40 47 46 40 129. Texas Woman's University-Denton 12 21 55 .00 6.9 .56 .11 Psychology* 41 40 44 33 42 37 41 130. Texas, University of-Austin 46 110 151 .66 5.3 .65 .31 Psychol ogy 59 5 8 5 7 61 60 46 55 131. Toledo, University of 17 26 57 .09 6.9 .62 .05 Psychol ogy 44 41 44 3 7 43 43 36 132. Tulane University 17 38 48 .29 6.0 .42 .29 Psychol ogy 44 43 43 46 52 24 54 133. Utah State University-Logan 20 59 58 .12 6.7 .60 .07 Psychol ogy 45 4 7 44 39 45 42 3 8 134. Utah, University of-Salt Lake City 29 71 100 .74 6.8 .70 .34 Psychol ogy 50 50 50 65 43 51 5 8 135. Vanderbilt University 30 64 70 .77 5.0 .73 .36 Psychology 51 49 46 66 63 54 59 136. Vermont, University of 15 42 73 .40 5.4 .72 .22 Psychology 43 44 46 51 58 52 49 137. Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical Col 29 73 118 .06 6.0 .63 .13 Psychol ogy * 50 50 52 36 52 44 42 138. Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State Univ 27 20 95 .00 5.8 .53 .00 Psychol ogy * 49 39 49 33 55 35 33 139. Virginia, University of 35 37 60 .16 5.4 .62 .35 Psychol ogy 53 43 44 40 59 43 5 8 140. Washington State University-Pullman 21 60 66 .59 5.5 .71 .21 Psychology 46 48 45 58 58 52 48 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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145 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Prog No. 121. 2.4 49 122. 0.7 32 123. 4.8 72 124. 2.6 50 125. 2.6 51 126. 2.3 48 127. 1.9 44 128. 1.4 39 129. 0.4 29 130. 3.8 63 131. 1.2 36 132. 1.9 43 133. 1.4 38 134. 2.9 54 135. 3.1 56 136. 2.3 48 137. 2.0 44 138. 2.3 47 139. 3.4 58 140. 2.2 46 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. NINA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available. Survey Results (08) (09) (10) (11) 1.6 0.7 51 36 NA NA 2.6 1.0 71 46 1.5 0.8 49 39 1.6 1.1 50 50 1.5 0.8 49 40 NA NA 0.9 1.2 36 54 NA NA 2.1 1.0 61 45 NA NA 1.2 0.8 43 38 1.0 1.1 37 52 1.9 1.4 55 65 2.0 1.3 58 59 1.5 1.2 48 54 1.2 1.4 42 61 1.3 1.6 44 69 1.9 1.6 57 71 1.4 1.1 47 50 0.2 38 0.5 45 0.2 38 0.8 53 0.9 56 0.5 46 0.3 41 0.5 44 1.2 62 0.5 45 University Library (12) 0.7 -0 .2 51 48 0.1 NA 37 1.8 2.0 75 70 0.6 -0.3 49 46 0.8 -0.4 53 45 0.7 -0 50 0.3 40 0.2 38 0.1 36 1.4 65 0.4 45 NA NA NA 1.6 65 NA 1 .0 39 NA -0.6 43 0.7 42 NA NA -0.0 49 0.7 57 0.3 47 first line of data for every program, .11 44 .06 NA 41 NA NA Research Published Support Articles (13) (14) (17) (18) NA 97 .62 53 48 NA 33 .53 42 42 .58 1731 155 1.00 72 57 62 71 .07 222 73 .72 42 43 49 54 .10 NA 70 .68 44 48 51 .15 485 58 .67 47 45 46 50 .13 1981 64 .80 46 59 47 58 .05 NA 72 .79 41 49 58 .00 NA 8 .33 38 38 30 .44 1262 196 .87 63 52 68 63 .06 41 .06 195 41 42 .o o 186 38 42 .17 NA 48 .30 391 56 44 .20 NA 50 .07 42 .07 42 .29 55 .10 44 15 39 38 43 44 44 85 51 95 52 27 41 NA 70 48 NA 56 46 215 79 43 50 NA 41 44 Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) (11) .11 .07 .10 .10 .17 NA .06 .07 .11 .10 .11 .09 09 .08 .14 NA NA .07 .05 .10 .06 .06 .07 .11 .06 NA .05 .15 .13 .14 .05 .12 NA .08 .06 .59 46 .71 53 .50 40 .76 56 .70 52 .73 54 .62 48 .59 46 .57 45 .48 39 NA .04 .09 .07 .12 NA .14 .12 NA .05 .10 07 .14 .11 .13 .05 .10 .07 .09 .07 .09 .07 .09 .07 .15 .11 .09 .14 .14 .17 .16 .13 .11 .09 .07 .07 .10 .12 .13 .06 .05 .06 .07 .07

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146 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Psychology Character ist ics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 141. Washington University-Saint Louis 26 70 96 .68 5.8 .79 .37 Psychology 49 50 49 63 55 59 60 142. Washington, University of-Seattle 61 106 50 .49 6.0 .64 .32 Psychology 68 57 43 54 52 45 56 143. Wayne State University 40 118 103 .42 7.0 .71 .19 Psychology 56 60 50 51 41 51 47 144. West Virginia University 26 54 97 .38 5.2 .73 .14 Psychol ogy 49 46 49 50 61 54 43 145. Western Michigan University 20 24 39 NA NA NA NA Psychol ogy * 45 40 41 146. Wisconsin, University of-Madison 36 59 85 .57 5.7 . 83 .42 Psychol ogy 54 4 7 4 8 5 8 55 63 64 147. Wisconsin, University of-Milwaukee 18 23 48 .24 6.2 .62 .24 Psychol ogy 44 40 43 44 50 43 50 148. Wyoming, University of 14 39 26 .51 6.4 .50 .08 Psychology 42 43 40 55 48 32 38 149. Yale University 49 88 91 .67 5.6 .57 .37 Psychology 61 54 48 62 56 38 60 150. Yeshiva University 16 96 332 .39 9.3 .64 .17 Psychol ogy 43 55 82 50 17 45 45 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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147 TABLE 8.1 Program Measures (Raw and Univers ity Prog Survey Results Library No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) 141. 2.8 1.7 1.0 0.8 -~.4 53 52 47 53 45 142. 3.9 2.2 1.4 1.3 1.5 63 62 62 64 64 143. 2.3 1.5 1.0 0.6 -0.4 48 47 47 47 46 144. 2.3 1.4 1.2 0.5 NA 47 47 54 45 145. 1.9 1.3 0.8 0.4 44 44 39 43 NA ~ St~ndArdi~~d values) in Psychology NA Research Published Support Articles [13) (14) (17) (18) .27 604 84 .73 54 46 51 54 .38 1381 280 .77 60 54 82 57 .20 206 78 .63 50 43 50 48 .04 NA 71 .73 40 48 54 .00 NA 25 .45 38 41 37 Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) (11) .09 .09 .10 .07 .07 .05 .07 .06 . 12 . 11 .11 .07 .13 .12 .15 .07 . 17 . 15 .13 .06 .46. 3.9 2.2 0.8 1.4 1.6 .67 5435 172 .83 .09 .08 .09 .07 64 63 36 66 65 77 91 65 61 147. 2.0 1.2 1.2 0.4 NA .06 NA 41 .72 .16 .14 .10 .06 44 43 56 43 41 44 54 148. 1.1 0.9 1.2 0.2 NA .14 NA 20 .50 .14 .14 .14 .04 35 36 53 39 46 40 40 149. 4.5 2.5 1.1 1.5 2.1 .49 1658 275 .82 .08 .06 .08 .06 70 69 50 69 70 67 56 81 59 150. 1.6 1.0 0.8 0.3 NA .00 NA 12 .31 .13 .12 .11 .05 40 38 36 41 38 39 29 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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148 150 150 149 149 149 149 Std Value Survey Results 08 Raw Value Std Value 09 Raw Value Std Value 10 Raw Value Std Value 11 Raw Value Std Value University Library 12 Raw Value Std Value 147 147 147 147 147 147 147 147 150 2.5 150 50 142 1.6 142 50 131 1.1 131 50 150 150 86 86 Research Support 13 Raw Value 146 Std Value 146 14 Raw Value 79 Std Value 79 Publication Records 17 Raw Value 150 Std Value 150 18 Raw Value 146 Std Value 146 29 18 50 10 71 48 50 10 102 73 50 10 .39 .24 50 10 6.2 .9 50 10 .69 .11 50 10 .24 .14 50 10 1.0 10 .5 10 .2 10 .4 50 10 .1 1.0 50 10 .21 .17 50 10 1003 1075 50 10 TABLE 8.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Psychology Number of Programs Standard D E C I L E S Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Program Size 01 Raw Value Std Value 02 Raw Value Std Value 03 Raw Value Std Value Program Graduates 04 Raw Value Std Value 05 Raw Value Std Value 06 Raw Value Std Value 07 Raw Value 14 16 42 43 25 35 40 42 30 43 40 42 .06 .14 36 40 7.4 6.9 37 42 .55 .60 37 42 .07 .11 38 41 1.2 1. 4 .9 1. 36 .8 38 .2 38 37 4_ 38 _ .1 - .7 38 42 .00 .05 38 41 215 255 43 43 9 19 21 45 46 42 49 44 45 57 69 44 45 .23 .30 43 46 6.4 6.2 48 50 .63 .67 45 48 .15 .19 44 46 1. 4 44 .9 43 .3 .4 40 43 ., 2.2 44 47 1.5 48 1.0 47 .5 45 - .5 - .4 44 45 .08 .13 42 45 363 456 44 45 24 29 32 38 47 50 52 55 59 67 80 103 47 49 52 57 85 102 123 149 48 50 53 56 44 58 125 61 189 62 .41 .46 .53 .62 .68 51 53 56 60 62 6.0 5.9 5.7 5.4 5.3 52 53 55 58 59 .70 .72 .74 .77 .83 51 53 55 57 63 .21 .24 .30 .35 .41 48 50 54 58 62 2.4 2.7 3.1 3.5 3.9 49 52 56 60 64 1.5 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.2 48 52 56 60 62 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 51 51 55 59 63 .6 .8 .9 1.1 1.3 48 52 55 60 64 .2 .1 47 50 .16 .20 47 49 564 697 46 47 .9 1.6 58 65 .27 .34 .46 54 58 65 950 1659 2198 50 56 61 81 63 17 27 39 57 66 79 92 122 165 50 10 40 41 43 46 48 50 52 57 63 .66 .16 .42 .52 .60 .65 .70 .73 .76 .80 .84 50 10 35 41 46 49 53 54 56 59 61 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the preceding table have been computed from exact values of the mean and standard deviation and not the rounded values reported here.

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149 TABLE 8.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 150 Programs in Psychology Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 Program Size 01 .65 .64 .22 -.10 .02 .20 .57 .51 .08 .58 .47 .16 .35 .76 .16 02 .81 .10 -.15 -.06 -.06 .31 .23 -.04 .39 .36 -.04 .24 .49 -.01 03 -.05 -.43 -.11 -.17 .20 .08 -.01 .25 .24 -.17 .11 .34 -.17 Program Graduates 04 .10 .17 .60 .64 .63 -.15 .58 .24 .56 .29 .35 .35 05 .15 .32 .13 .20 .05 .12 -.07 .27 .05 .12 .26 06 .44 .24 .33 .05 .21 .14 .31 .26 .09 .11 07 .74 .73 -.12 .67 .40 .79 .31 .43 .46 Survey Results 08 .97 .05 .97 .73 .75 .49 .74 .57 09 .03 .93 .67 .73 .53 .71 .59 10 .05 -.03 -.02 -.03 .1S .14 11 .73 .71 .47 .77 .54 University Library 12 .46 .45 .63 .37 Research Support 13 14 Publication Records 17 18 .28 .42 .51 .53 .29 .54 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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150 s. o++ ! + 4 . 0++ f Measure + 3 . 0 2. 0 + 08 * * ** * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** ** * * * * ** * * * * * *** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * ** * * * * * **** ** * * * + * * + * * * * + * * * * 1.0++ * r = .64 + + * * . * * 0-0 +/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/+++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 Measure 01 (square root scale) FIGURE 8.1 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--150 programs in psychology.

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151 3. 0++ + + 2.0++ Measure + + 09 + + + 1.0++ + + + + + * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * **** * * ** * * *** * ***** * * ** * * * * * * * * * * *** * * * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * * ** * * ** * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * * r - .28 * * * * * * O. O +/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/+++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 121 144 169 196 225 256 289 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 8.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus nu~ber of graduates in last f ive years (measure 02) --141 programs in psychology.

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152 TABLE 8.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Psychology Respondents N Field Specialization ~- % Clinical Psychology S7 20 Developmental/Gerontological Psych. 20 7 Experimental Psychology 73 26 Industrial/Personnel Psychology 12 4 Physiological Psychology 25 9 Social Psychology 41 15 Other/Unknown 52 19 Faculty Rank Professor 143 51 Associate Professor 95 34 Assistant Professor 40 14 Other/Unknown 2 1 Year of Highest Degree . Pre-1950 17 6 1950-59 61 22 1960-69 83 30 Post-1969 109 39 Unknown 10 4 Evaluator Select ion Nominated by Institution 253 90 Other 27 10 Survey Form With Faculty Names 251 89 Without Names 29 10 Total Evaluators 280 100

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--x-- 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 Mean Survey Rating (measure 08) FIGURE 8.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 150 programs in psychology. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of +1.5 standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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