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APPENDIX G CONFERENCE ON THE ASSESSMENT OF QUALITY OF GRADUATE EDUCATION PROGRAMS September 27-29, 1976 Woods Hole, Massachusetts Participants Robert A. ALBERTY Charles ANDERSEN Richard C. ATKINSON R. H. BING David W. BRENEMAN John E. CANTLON Henry E. COBB Monroe D. DONSKER David E. DREW E. Alden DUNHAM David A. GOSLIN Hanna H. GRAY Norman HACKERMAN Philip HANDLER David D. HENRY Roger W. HEYNS Lyle V. JONES Charles V. KIDD Winfred P. LEHMANN Charles T. LESTER Dean of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Coordinator, Education Statistics, American Council on Education Acting Director, National Science Foundation Chairman, Department of Mathematics, University of Texas at Austin Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution Vice-President for Research and Graduate Studies, Michigan State University Professor, Department of History, Southern University Professor, Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University Senior Scientist, Rand Corporation Program Officer, Carnegie Corporation of New York Executive Director, Assembly of Behavioral and Social Sciences, National Research Council Provost, Yale University President, Rice University President, National Academy of Sciences President Emeritus, University of Illinois President, American Council on Education Vice Chancellor and Dean, Graduate School, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Executive Secretary, Association of American Universities Professor, Department of Linguistics, University of Texas at Austin Vice-President of Arts and Sciences, Emory University 241
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242 Gardner LINDZEY Raymond P. MARIELLA Cora B. MARRETT Peter S. Ma KINNEY Doris H. MERRITT John Perry MILLER Lincoln E. MOSES Frederick W. MOTE Thomas A. NOBLE J. Boyd PAGE C. K. N. PATEL Michael J. PELCZAR, Jr. Frank PRESS John J. PRUIS Lorene L. ROGERS John SAWYER Robert L. SPROULL Eliot STELLAR Alfred S. SUSSMAN Donald C. SWAIN Mack E. THOMPSON Charles V. WILLIE H. Edwin YOUNG Harriet A. ZUCKERMAN Director, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (Chairman) Dean of the Graduate School, Loyola University Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences Acting Dean, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University Dean, Research and Sponsored Programs, Indiana University/Purdue University Corporation Officer for Institutional Development, The Campaign for Yale Professor, Department of Family, Community and Preventive Medicine, Stanford University Medical Center Professor, Department of East Asian Studies, Princeton University Executive Associate, American Council of Learned Societies President, The Council of Graduate Schools in the United States Director, Physical Research Laboratory, Bell Laboratories Vice-President for Graduate Studies and Research, University of Maryland, College Park Chairman, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology President, Ball State University President, University of Texas at Austin President, The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation President, University of Rochester Provost, University of Pennsylvania Dean, Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, University of Michigan Academic Vice-President, University of California System Executive Director, American Historical Association Professor of Education and Urban Studies, The Graduate School of Education, Harvard University Chancellor, University of Wisconsin, Madison Associate Professor, Department of Sociology, Columbia University
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243 SUMMARY September 27-29, 1976, Woods Hole, Massachusetts Report of the Conference ~- A substantial majority of the Conference believes that the earlier assessments of graduate education have received wide and important use: by students and their advisors, by the institutions of higher education as aids to planning and the allocation of educational functions, as a check of unwarranted claims of excellence, and in social science research. The recommendations which follow attempt to distill the main points of consensus within the conference. This report does not in any sense adequately represent the rich diversity of points of view revealed during the Conference nor the deep and real differences in belief among the participants. Recommendations 3. 1. A new assessment of graduate programs is needed, and we believe that the Conference Board is an appropriate sponsor. While we do not propose to specify the details of this assessment, we are prepared to suggest the following guidelines. The assessment should include a modified replication of the Roose- Andersen study, with the addition of some fields and the subdivision of others. It is important to provide additional indices relevant to program assessment such as some of those cited by Breneman, Drew, and Page. The Conference directs specific attention to the CGS/ETS Study currently nearing completion and urges that the results of that study be carefully examined and used to the fullest possible extent. 4. The initial assessment study should be one of surveying the quality of scholarship and research and the effectiveness of Ph.D. programs in the fields selected for inclusion. a. It is intended that the study be carried forward on a continuing basis to provide valuable longitudinal data. This should be implemented along the lines suggested by Moses, involving annual assessment of subsets of programs. Every eligible institution should be given the choice of whether to be included in the study. Each program is to be characterized by a set of scores, one for each selected index. The presentation of scores for all
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244 reported indices should be accompanied by a discussion of their substantive meaning. In addition, appropriate measures of uncertainty should accompany all tables of results. We propose a simultaneous study exploring ways of reviewing goals of graduate education other than research and scholarship. This would involve review of other doctoral programs and selected master's programs.