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m Anthropology Programs In this chapter 70 research-doctorate programs in anthropology are assessed. These programs, according to the information supplied by their universities, have accounted for 1,960 doctoral degrees awarded during the FY1976-80 period--approximately 93 percent of the aggregate number of anthropology and archaeology doctorates earned from U.S. uni- versities in this five-year span. On the average, 51 full-time and part-time students intending to earn doctorates were enrolled in a pro- gram in December 1980, with an average faculty size of 17 members.2 Nine programs were initiated since 1970, and no two programs are locat- ed in the same university. All of the 70 institutions initially identified as meeting the criteria3 for inclusion in the assessment in anthropology are represented here. Before examining individual program results presented in Table 3.1, the reader is urged to refer to Chapter II, in which each of the 16 measures used in the assessment is discussed. Summary statistics de- scribing every measure are given in Table 3.2. For eight of the mea- sures, data are reported for at least 64 of the 70 anthropology pro- grams. For measures 04-07, which pertain to characteristics of the program graduates, data are presented for all but 10 of the programs; the others had too few graduates on which to base statistics.4 For measure 12, a composite index of the size of a university library, data data from the NRC's Survey of Earned Doctorates indicate that 1,965 research doctorates in anthropology and 137 in archaeology were awarded by U.S. universities between FY1976 and FY1980. 2See the reported means for measures 03 and 01 in Table 3.2. 3As mentioned in Chapter I, the primary criterion for inclusion was that a university had awarded at least 9 doctorates in anthropology during the FY1976-78 period. 4As mentioned in Chapter II, data for measures 04-07 are not reported if they are based on the survey responses of fewer than 10 FY1975-79 program graduates. 33

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34 are available for 60 programs. The programs not evaluated on this measure are typically smaller--in terms of faculty size and graduate student enrollment--than other anthropology programs. Were data on this measure available for all 70 programs, it is likely that the re- ported mean would be appreciably lower (and that some of the correla- tions of this measure with others would be higher). As mentioned in the previous chapter, data on total university expenditures for re- search (measure 14) are not available in anthropology. With respect to the fraction of faculty with research grants from the Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration, the National Institutes of Health, or the National Science Foundation (measure 13) and the fraction of faculty with at least one published article (measure 18), data are reported for 59 anthropology programs.s Intercorrelations among the 15 measures (Pearson product-moment co- efficients) are given in Table 3.3. Of particular note are the high positive correlations of the measures of program size (01-03) with rep- utational survey ratings (08, 09) and the total number of 1978-80 ar- ticles by program faculty (measure 17~. Figure 3.1 illustrates the relation between the mean rating of the scholarly quality of faculty (measure 08) and the number of faculty members (measure 01) for each of 70 programs in anthropology. Figure 3.2 plots the mean rating of program effectiveness (measure 09) against the total number of FY1976- 80 program graduates (measure 021. In both figures there is a signifi- cant positive correlation between program size and reputational rating. Table 3.4 describes the 125 faculty members who participated in the evaluation of anthropology programs. These individuals constituted 60 percent of those asked to respond to the survey in this discipline and 11 percent of the faculty population in the 70 research-doctorate pro- grams being evaluated.6 A majority of the survey participants were cultural or physical anthropologists; 22 percent were archaeologists. Two-thirds of these individuals had earned their highest degree prior to 1970, and a majority held the rank of full professor. To assist the reader in interpreting results of the survey evalua- tions, estimated standard errors have been computed for mean ratings of the scholarly quality of faculty in 70 anthropology programs (and are given in Table 3.1~. For each program the mean rating and an as- sociated "confidence interval" of 1.5 standard errors are illustrated in Figure 3.3 {listed in order of highest to lowest mean rating). In comparing two programs, if their confidence intervals do not overlap, one may conclude that there is a significant difference in their mean ratings at a .05 level of significance.7 From this figure it is also 5Data for measures 13 and 18 are not presented for any programs that had fewer than 10 faculty members. 6 See Table 2.3 in Chapter II. 7 See pp. 30-32 for a discussion of the interpretation of mean ratings and associated confidence intervals.

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35 apparent that one should have somewhat more confidence in the accuracy of the mean ratings of higher-rated programs than lower-rated programs. This generalization results primarily from the fact that evaluators are not as likely to be familiar with the less prestigious programs, and consequently the mean ratings of these programs are usually based on fewer survey responses.

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36 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 001. American University 10 26 30 .35 8.0 .60 .20 Anthropology 41 49 44 44 52 50 44 002. Arizona State University-Tempe 20 14 108 .44 7.9 .60 .33 Anthropology 54 42 67 48 53 50 55 003. Arizona, University of-Tucson 33 41 90 .30 9.0 .76 .49 Anthropol ogy 71 5 8 62 42 44 63 6 7 004. Boston University 10 12 32 NA NA NA NA Anthropol ogy * 41 41 44 005. Brandeis University 10 13 19 1.00 9.5 .50 .08 Anthropology 41 41 40 75 40 41 34 006. Brown University 13 17 47 .47 8.3 .50 .14 Anthropol ogy 45 44 49 49 50 41 39 007. Bryn Mawr College 9 15 15 NA 7.2 NA NA Anthropology 40 42 39 59 008. CUNY-Graduate School 33 27 85 .33 9.3 .46 .18 Anthropology 71 49 60 43 41 38 42 009. California, University of-Berkeley 32 96 118 .68 7.6 .74 .39 Anthropology 69 90 70 60 55 62 59 010. California, University of-Davis 19 29 25 .60 9.0 .64 .12 Anthropol ogy 53 51 42 56 44 53 3 7 011. California, University of-Irvine 20 28 40 .46 6.4 .46 .17 Social Relations/ Comparative Culture 54 50 47 49 66 38 41 012. California, University of-Los Angeles 34 65 148 .48 8.8 .57 .25 Anthropol ogy 72 72 79 50 46 4 7 4 8 013. California, University of-Riverside 9 22 37 .50 7.1 .75 .25 Anthropology 40 47 46 51 59 63 48 014. California, University of-San Diego 12 27 29 .67 7.5 .71 .50 Anthropology* 44 49 43 59 56 59 69 015. California, University of-Santa Barbara 16 19 42 .68 7.3 .50 .17 Anthropol ogy 49 45 4 7 60 5 8 41 41 016. Catholic University of America 6 17 34 .28 12.3 .63 .13 Anthropology 36 44 45 40 17 52 37 017. Chicago, University of 30 57 109 .83 8.4 .83 .52 Anthropology 67 67 67 67 49 69 71 018. Colorado, University of 18 49 47 .35 8.3 .66 .30 Anthropology 51 62 49 44 49 55 51 019. Columbia University 19 63 175 .58 8.8 .60 .27 Anthropol ogy 53 70 87 55 45 49 49 020. Connecticut, University of-Storrs 17 17 40 NA NA NA NA Anthropology 50 44 47 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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37 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error . ~ . . No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) . u . 001. 1.3 0.8 0.9 0.3 NA .00 NA 6 .50 .11 .14 .12 .05 32 29 44 27 33 3 8 41 002. 2.6 1.7 1.3 0.9 - 0.3 .20 NA 27 .60 .09 .08 .09 .07 4 8 52 61 45 43 49 49 49 003. 4.0 2.3 1.2 1.6 0.9 .24 NA 54 .58 .08 .07 .08 .06 66 66 57 66 55 52 62 47 004. 2.2 1.2 0.7 0.9 - 0.4 .10 NA 20 .60 .11 .10 .10 .07 42 40 3 7 45 43 41 45 49 005. 2.7 1.5 0.8 1.0 NA .30 NA 5 .40 .10 .10 .06 .07 49 47 43 47 57 38 33 006. 2.3 1.4 0.9 0.9 -1.1 .23 NA 16 .54 .09 .09 .09 .07 44 45 45 45 36 51 43 44 007. 2.4 1.6 1.2 0.9 NA NA NA 17 NA .12 .10 .08 .06 45 49 56 47 44 008. 3.7 1.9 1.3 1.3 NA .24 NA 42 .61 .09 .08 .08 .07 62 56 60 58 52 56 50 009. 4.6 2.4 1.0 1.8 2.2 .38 NA 87 .66 .07 .07 .06 .05 74 69 47 73 68 62 78 54 010. 2.5 1.6 1.3 0.7 0.6 .21 NA 47 .74 .08 .08 .09 .06 46 50 60 41 53 50 59 60 011. 3.0 1.7 1.4 1.0 NA .15 NA 16 .35 .10 .08 .08 .07 53 52 66 50 45 43 29 012. 3.8 2.1 1.2 1.4 2.0 .21 NA 52 .65 .07 .05 .06 .06 63 63 55 62 66 49 61 53 013. 2.3 1.5 0.8 0.8 -1.0 NA NA 21 NA .12 .10 .08 .07 44 47 42 43 37 46 014. 3.3 1.9 1.3 1.2 - 0.0 .17 NA 16 .67 .14 .08 .07 .08 57 57 60 54 46 46 43 55 015. 3.5 1.9 1.4 1.3 - 0.1 .38 NA 26 .81 .09 .07 .08 .06 60 56 63 58 45 62 48 66 016. 1.4 0.9 0.8 0.6 NA NA NA 1 NA .10 .09 .09 .06 33 32 .42 36 36 017. 4.6 2.4 0.8 1.8 0.9 .37 NA 77 .70 .08 .07 .07 .05 73 70 42 72 55 62 73 5 7 018. 2.5 1.6 0.7 0.9 -0.9 .22 NA 23 .56 .09 .08 .07 .08 47 49 36 47 38 51 47 46 019. 3.6 1.9 0.3 1.4 1.7 .47 NA 35 .74 .10 .06 .06 .07 60 56 22 62 64 70 53 60 020. 2.6 1.5 1.1 1.0 - 0.5 .18 NA 10 .24 .09 .09 .10 .07 48 46 52 48 42 47 40 20 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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38 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology Characteristics of Prog Prouram Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit ( 01) ( 02 ) ( 03 ) ( 04 ) ( 05 ) ( 06 ) ( 07 ) 021. Cornell University-Ithaca 23 43 37 .87 8.4 .74 .37 Anthropology 58 59 46 69 49 6 ~ 58 022. Duke University 15 14 23 . 80 6.4 .60 .20 Anthropology 48 42 42 66 66 50 44 023. Florida, University of-Gainesville 25 35 78 .47 6.4 .47 .27 Anthropology 60 54 58 50 66 39 49 024. Georgia, University of-Athens 5 12 4 .18 10. 7 .55 . 00 Anthropology* 35 41 36 36 30 45 27 025. Harvard University 19 78 111 . 62 7. 5 .69 .30 Anthropology 53 79 68 57 56 57 52 026. Hawaii, University of 15 30 66 . 61 10.5 .57 .18 Anthropol ogy 4 8 51 54 56 31 4 7 42 027. Illinois, University-Urbana/Champaign 26 52 71 .62 8.1 .89 .47 Anthropol ogy 62 64 56 5 7 51 74 66 028. Indiana University-Bloomington 18 45 61 .40 9.6 .70 .28 Anthropol ogy 51 60 53 46 39 59 50 029. Kansas, University of 15 17 27 . 35 8 .2 . 65 .35 Anthropology 48 44 43 44 51 54 56 030. Kentucky, University of 11 10 28 NA NA NA NA Anthropology 43 40 43 031. Massachusetts, University of-Amherst 17 26 90 .33 7.1 .62 .48 Anthropology 50 49 62 43 59 52 67 032. Michigan State University-East Lansing 21 32 49 .45 9.1 .77 .50 Anthropology 55 52 49 49 43 64 69 033. Michigan, University of-Ann Arbor 43 63 56 .44 7.1 .68 .39 Anthropol ogy 83 70 51 4 8 60 56 59 034. Minnesota, University of 14 23 19 .48 8.7 .63 .29 Anthropology 46 47 40 50 47 52 51 035. Missouri, University of-Columbia 12 16 23 .33 7.8 .48 .26 Anthropol ogy 44 43 42 43 54 40 49 036. New Mexico, University of-Albuquerque 26 23 101 .41 7.7 .53 .29 Anthropology 62 47 65 47 55 44 51 037. New School for Social Research 5 30 63 . 11 9.5 .77 .29 Anthropol ogy * 35 51 54 32 40 64 51 038. New York University 10 19 13 .39 8.5 .67 .28 Anthropology 41 45 39 46 48 56 50 039. North Carolina, University of-Chapel Hill 20 24 45 .67 8.6 .63 .38 Anthropology 54 48 48 59 47 52 58 040. Northwestern University 14 31 28 . 53 6.5 . 64 .36 Anthropology 46 52 43 53 65 54 57 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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39 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology Prog - No. (08) 021. 3.3 57 022. 3.0 53 023. 3.3 57 024. 1.0 27 025. 3.8 63 026. 2.8 51 027. 3.5 60 028. 2.8 50 029. 2.3 44 030. 2.0 41 031. 3.1 54 032. 2.6 48 033. 4.5 73 034. 2.5 46 035. 2.2 43 036. 3.6 61 037. 2.0 41 038. 2.5 47 039. 2.8 51 040. 3.6 61 Survey Results (09) 2.0 60 1.8 54 1.7 53 0.6 25 2.1 61 1.8 1.0 54 51 1.9 1.1 57 51 1.8 0.9 55 47 1.4 1.0 44 48 1.2 1.0 40 49 1.9 1.4 58 63 1.7 1.0 51 48 2.6 1.1 74 52 1.4 0.7 44 37 1.4 0.7 45 37 2.0 1.4 59 64 1.0 0.9 35 45 1.5 0.7 47 36 1.7 0.9 53 47 2.1 1.3 61 63 (10) (11) 0.8 1.2 43 56 1.4 1.1 63 52 1.8 1.2 80 54 0.8 0.6 42 37 0.5 1.7 31 70 University LibrarY (12) 1.6 63 0.3 50 0.8 54 0.4 51 3.0 76 0.8 -0.1 44 45 1.3 2.0 58 66 1.0 0.9 48 56 0.8 0.1 43 48 0.7 -0 . 1 40 46 1.2 -0.7 53 39 0.9 0.3 46 50 1.7 1.8 71 64 0.8 1.2 42 58 0.8 -0.2 42 45 1.3 -1 .0 59 37 1.0 NA 48 1.1 0.5 51 51 1.0 1.0 49 56 1.5 0.3 65 49 Research Published Support Articles .- (17) (18) 33 .61 52 50 30 .60 50 49 54 .64 62 52 9 NA 40 42 .74 56 60 32 .73 51 60 40 .65 55 54 25 .61 48 50 36 .60 53 49 - 9 .46 40 37 44 .82 57 67 14 .43 42 35 114 .67 92 55 13 .43 42 35 27 .75 49 61 37 .58 54 47 14 NA 42 23 .60 47 49 17 .45 44 37 36 .7 1 53 58 (13) (14) 04 NA 37 .40 64 .24 52 NA .42 66 .07 39 .31 57 .11 42 .20 49 .09 40 .24 52 .24 52 .40 64 .07 39 .33 59 .04 36 NA .50 72 .25 53 .43 67 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Survey Ratings Standard Error (08) (09) (10) .09 .05 .09 .09 .10 .11 .10 .07 .10 .08 .06 .09 .14 .07 .07 (11) .06 .07 .08 .07 .05 .09 .07 .09 .06 .08 .06 .07 .06 .06 .10 .10 .09 .07 .12 .11 .12 .07 09 07 .06 .10 .08 .09 .08 .10 .07 .09 .07 .07 .05 .07 .05 .10 .09 .09 .06 .10 .11 .09 .08 .08 .06 .07 .06 .16 .12 .08 .07 .10 .08 .10 .07 .09 .08 .09 .07 .07 .06 .09 .06 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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40 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 041. Ohio State University-Columbus 12 18 26 .53 7.3 .53 .33 Anthropology 44 44 43 53 58 44 55 042. Oklahoma, University of-Norman 9 10 28 .10 8.5 .50 .30 Anthropology 40 40 43 32 48 41 52 043. Oregon, University of-Eugene 11 30 59 .56 8.2 .42 .14 Anthropology 43 51 52 54 50 34 38 044. Pennsylvania State University 13 28 40 .28 7.1 .46 .25 Anthropology 45 50 47 40 60 38 48 045. Pennsylvania, University of 32 38 108 .55 9.1 .76 .32 Anthropology 69 56 67 53 43 63 54 046. Pittsburgh, University of 23 46 88 .63 9.6 .58 .21 Anthropology 58 60 61 57 39 48 44 047. Princeton University 7 13 15 .82 7.9 .64 .36 Anthropol ogy 3 7 41 3 9 66 53 5 3 5 7 048. Rice University 7 8 15 NA NA NA NA Anthropology 37 38 39 049. Rochester, University of 9 11 22 NA NA NA NA Anthropol ogy 40 40 41 050. Rutgers, The State University-New Brunswick 16 15 75 .60 7.0 .64 .36 Anthropology 49 42 57 56 61 53 57 051. SUNY at Albany 12 16 43 .00 NA NA NA Anthropology* 44 43 48 27 052. SUNY at Binghamton 18 17 75 .31 8.2 .56 .25 Anthropol ogy 51 44 5 7 42 51 4 7 4 8 053. SUNY at Buffalo 21 32 55 .23 7.2 .69 .17 Anthropology 55 52 51 38 59 58 41 054. SUNY at Stony Brook 14 26 62 .16 6.4 .42 .16 Anthropology 46 49 53 35 65 35 40 055. Southern Illinois University-Carbondale 14 26 31 .36 9.3 .46 .21 Anthropol ogy 46 49 44 44 41 3 8 44 056. Southern Methodist University 17 19 53 .40 8.5 .40 .07 Anthropology 50 45 51 46 48 33 32 057. Stanford University 19 34 51 .95 8.5 .67 .42 Anthropology 53 53 50 73 48 56 62 058. Syracuse University 8 19 22 .29 10.3 .35 .10 Anthropology 39 45 41 41 33 29 35 059. Tennessee, University of-Knoxville 11 7 24 NA NA NA NA Anthropol ogy * 43 3 8 42 060. Texas, University of-Austin 27 48 47 .35 6.6 .64 .26 Anthropology 63 62 49 44 64 54 49 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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41 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Support Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) (10) (11) 041. 2.0 1.4 1.1 0.7 0.9 .17 NA 13 .42 .09 .08 .05 .06 40 45 54 40 55 46 42 34 042. 1.4 0.9 1.0 0.5 -0.6 NA NA 9 NA .12 .10 .15 .07 32 32 48 33 41 40 043. 2.3 1.5 0.8 0.7 -0.9 .09 NA 15 .73 .11 .10 .08 .07 44 47 42 41 37 40 43 59 044. 3.0 1.8 1.0 1.1 0.7 .31 NA 27 .77 .11 .09 .09 .07 53 55 48 53 54 57 49 63 045. 4.1 2.3 1.1 1.6 0.7 .19 NA 42 .59 .08 .06 .07 .06 67 66 53 66 53 48 56 49 046. 3.0 1.8 0.9 1.3 0.1 .22 NA 69 .70 .08 .07 .09 .06 53 54 45 57 47 50 69 57 047. 2.5 1.5 0.9 1.1 0.9 NA NA 17 NA .13 .09 .09 .07 47 46 44 52 55 44 048. 1.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 -1.4 NA NA 15 NA .15 .13 .10 .07 39 33 38 44 32 43 049. 2.0 1.5 0.9 0.8 -0.6 NA NA 3 NA .12 .10 .06 .07 41 46 45 41 40 37 050. 3.2 1.7 1.3 1.4 0.8 .00 NA 28 .75 .10 .09 .08 .07 56 51 60 59 54 33 49 61 051. 2.1 1.1 1.2 0.8 -1.0 .25 NA 35 .83 .12 .09 .11 .07 41 37 55 44 37 53 53 68 052. 2.6 1.7 1.3 1.0 NA .33 NA 35 .44 .10 .09 .09 .07 48 51 61 50 59 53 36 053. 2.8 1.6 1.2 1.2 0.3 .24 NA 39 .67 .08 .07 .08 .07 51 51 55 54 49 52 55 55 054. 2.4 1.3 0.9 0.9 -0.6 .00 NA 27 .64 .09 .10 .10 .07 45 42 46 46 40 33 49 53 055. 2.1 1.3 1.1 0.8 -0.2 .29 NA 31 .79 .11 .10 .11 .07 41 43 52 41 45 55 51 64 056. 2.4 1.4 1.2 0.8 NA .18 NA 14 .47 .11 .09 .12 .08 45 46 56 42 47 42 39 057. 3.8 2.3 0.9 1.5 2.0 .37 NA 27 .63 .10 .08 .07 .06 63 66 45 65 67 62 49 52 058. 1.8 1.1 0.8 0.6 -0.3 NA NA 17 NA .13 .11 .09 .07 38 36 42 37 43 44 059. 1.7 1.2 1.2 0.6 -0.4 .18 NA 27 .64 .13 .11 .11 .08 36 40 56 37 42 47 49 52 060. 3.5 2.1 1.3 1.3 1.6 .11 NA 58 .70 .09 .07 .08 .07 59 61 62 57 63 42 64 58 NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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42 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values) in Anthropology Characteristics of Prog Program Size Program Graduates No. University - Department/Academic Unit (01) (02) (03) (04) (05) (06) (07) 061. Tulane University 10 14 60 .69 10.0 .44 .06 Anthropol ogy 41 42 53 60 35 36 32 062. Utah, University of-Salt Lake City 15 9 24 NA NA NA NA Anthropology 48 39 42 063. Virginia, University of 17 11 30 NA NA NA NA Anthropol ogy * 50 40 44 064. Washington State University-Pullman 17 35 31 .29 8.1 .68 .42 Anthropology* 50 54 44 41 52 56 62 065. Washington University-Saint Louis 8 18 25 .47 9.0 .63 .32 Anthropology 39 44 42 50 44 53 53 066. Washington, University of-Seattle 25 35 61 .64 9.3 .50 .18 Anthropology 60 54 53 58 42 41 42 067. Wayne State University 13 17 9 .36 9.7 .36 .27 Anthropol ogy 45 44 37 45 38 30 50 068. Wisconsin, University of-Madison 17 34 67 .69 7.6 .54 .32 Anthropology 50 53 55 60 56 45 54 069. Wisconsin, University of-Milwaukee 11 17 16 .21 6.9 .71 .29 Anthropol ogy * 43 44 40 37 61 60 51 070. Yale University 24 32 59 .61 7.1 .76 .46 Anthropology 59 52 52 56 60 63 65 * indicates program was initiated since 1970. NOTE: On the first line of data for every program, raw values for each measure are reported; on the second line values are reported in standardized form, with mean = 50 and standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for a measure is not available.

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43 TABLE 3.1 Program Measures (Raw and Standardized Values ) in Anthropology University Research Published Survey Ratings Prog Survey Results Library Supper t Articles Standard Error No. (08) (09) (10) (11) (12) (13) (14) (17) (18) (08) (09) (10) (11) 061. 2.5 1.5 0.8 1.0 -1.0 .10 NA 12 .60 .10 .08 .07 .06 4 7 4 8 40 49 36 41 41 49 062. 2.2 1.3 1.1 0.8 -0.6 .00 NA 23 .60 .10 .11 .09 .06 42 43 53 42 40 33 47 49 063. 3.0 1.6 1.5 1.2 0.7 .06 NA 23 .59 .11 .09 .08 .07 53 49 71 54 54 38 47 48 064. 2.2 1.4 1.3 0.6 - 0.3 .18 NA 24 .41 .11 .11 .09 .07 43 45 61 3 7 44 4 7 4 7 34 065. 2.4 1.5 1.0 1.1 -0.4 NA NA 9 NA .11 .09 .10 .07 45 47 48 53 43 40 066. 3.1 1.9 1.2 1.2 1.5 .24 NA 61 .52 .09 .07 .08 .06 55 58 57 55 61 52 65 43 067. 2.0 1.1 1.0 0.7 -0.4 .08 NA 22 .62 .12 .11 .08 .07 41 37 48 38 43 39 46 50 068. 3.0 1.8 0.8 1.1 1.6 .35 NA 39 .71 .09 .08 .07 .07 53 56 41 53 62 61 55 58 069. 2.3 1.3 0.8 0.9 NA .00 NA 27 .64 .09 .08 .08 .07 44 43 41 45 33 49 52 070. 3.9 2.2 0.9 1.5 2.1 .38 NA 56 .58 .08 .06 .07 .06 65 63 45 64 67 62 63 48 NOTE: On the f irst line of data for every program, raw values for on the second line values are reported in standardized form, standard deviation = 10. "NA" indicates that the value for each measure are reported; with mean = 50 and a measure is not available.

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44 TABLE 3.2 Summary Statistics Describing Each Program Measure--Anthropology Number of Programs Standard D EC I L ES Measure Evaluated Mean Deviation 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Program Size 01 Raw Value 70 17 8 8 10 12 14 15 17 19 23 27 Std Value 70 50 10 39 41 44 46 48 50 53 58 63 02 Raw Value 70 28 17 11 14 17 19 24 28 32 35 49 Std Value 70 50 10 40 42 44 45 48 50 52 54 62 03 Raw Value 70 51 34 16 24 28 32 42 51 61 75 101 Std Value 70 50 10 40 42 43 44 47 50 53 57 65 Program Graduates 04 Raw Value 61 .48 .21 .22 .31 .35 .40 .47 .52 .60 .64 .69 Std Value 61 50 10 38 42 44 46 50 52 56 58 60 05 Raw Value 61 8.3 1.2 9.7 9.3 9.0 8.5 8.2 7.9 7.5 7.1 6.9 Std Value 61 50 10 38 41 44 48 51 53 56 60 61 06 Raw Value 60 .60 .12 .44 .48 .53 .57 .62 .64 .67 .70 .76 Std Value 60 50 10 37 40 44 48 52 53 56 58 63 07 Raw Value 60 .28 .12 .12 .17 .20 .25 .28 .30 .33 .37 .46 Std Value 60 50 10 37 41 43 48 50 52 54 58 65 Survey Results 08 Raw Value 70 2.8 .8 1.9 2.1 2.3 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.5 3.8 Std Value 70 50 10 39 42 44 47 48 51 54 59 63 09 Raw Value 70 1.6 .4 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2.1 Std Value 70 50 10 38 42 45 47 50 52 55 57 62 10 Raw Value 70 1.0 .3 .7 .8 .9 .9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.3 Std Value 70 50 10 37 41 45 45 49 53 57 61 61 11 Raw Value 70 1.1 .3 .6 .8 .8 .9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.5 Std Value 70 50 10 36 42 42 45 48 52 55 58 64 University Library 12 Raw Value 60 .4 1.0 -1.0 -.6 -.4 -.1 .3 .6 .9 1.2 1.8 Std Value 60 50 10 36 40 42 45 49 52 55 58 64 Research Support 13 Raw Value 59 .22 .13 .03 .09 .14 .18 .21 .24 .26 .34 .38 Std Value 59 50 10 35 40 44 47 49 52 53 59 62 Publication Records 17 Raw Value 70 30 20 9 14 17 23 27 28 35 42 54 Std Value 70 50 10 40 42 44 47 49 49 53 56 62 8 Raw Value 59 .61 .12 .43 .49 .58 .60 .61 .64 .67 .72 .75 Std Value 59 50 10 35 40 48 49 50 53 55 59 62 NOTE: Standardized values reported in the of the mean and standard deviation preceding table have been computed from exact values and not the rounded values reported here.

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45 TABLE 3.3 Intercorrelations Among Program Measures on 70 Programs in Anthropology Measure 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 17 18 Program Size 01 .69 .64 .20 .18 .30 .38 .83 .81 .32 .72 .58 .24 N/A .82 .05 02 .68 .23 .10 .43 .35 .71 .68 - .15 .67 .68 .39 N/A .70 .24 03 .14 .02 .19 .23 .65 .60 .01 .63 .40 .25 N/A .53 .25 Program Graduates 04 .06 .18 .18 .49 .54 -.09 .44 .45 .26 N/A .15 - .07 05 .10 .33 .34 .35 .37 .30 .13 .10 N/A .25 .13 06 .68 .40 .40 -.11 .44 .45 .21 N/A .30 .03 07 .50 .52 .08 .47 .35 .21 N/A .35 .05 Survey Results 08 .96 .21 .95 .64 .46 N/A .75 .26 09 .23 .89 .63 .48 N/A .73 .24 10 .11 -.08 -.16 N/A . 20 - .04 11 .65 .51 N/A . 71 .30 University Library 12 .43 N/A .53 .05 Research Support 13 14 Publication Records 17 18 N/A . 39 .22 N/A N/A .41 NOTE: Since in computing correlation coefficients program data must be available for both of the measures being correlated, the actual number of programs on which each coefficient is based varies.

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46 5 . 0 4 . Off Measure + 3.0++ 08 + + + * * * * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * ** * * ** * * * * * * * * * * * * * + * * * * + * * 2.0++ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 1.0++ * r = .83 + + + + + O. O +/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/+++++++++++++++/ 4 9 16 25 36 49 Measure 01 (square root scale ) FIGURE 3.1 Mean rating of scholarly c~uality of faculty (measure 08) versus number of faculty members (measure 01)--70 programs in anthropology.

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47 3.0++ + + * + + * * + * * * + * + * * * * 2.0++ * * + * ** * * * + * * * * ** + * * * * * * * Measure + + * ** * ** * * 09 + ** ** * * + * * * + + * * * ** * 1.0++ * r z .70 * * * * * 0-0 +/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/++++++++++/ 1 4 9 16 25 36 49 64 81 100 Measure 02 (square root scale) FIGURE 3.2 Mean rating of program effectiveness in educating research scholars/scientists (measure 09) versus number of graduates in last five years (measure 02)--70 programs in anthropology.

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48 TABLE 3.4 Characteristics of Survey Participants in Anthropology Respondents N Field of Specialization Archaeology 28 22 Cultural Anthropology 70 56 Physical Anthropology 17 14 Other/Unknown 10 8 Faculty Rank Professor 71 57 Associate Professor 38 30 Assistant Professor 16 13 Year of Highest Degree Pre-1950 3 2 1950-59 22 18 1960-69 5S 44 Post-1969 44 35 Unknown 1 1 Evaluator Selection Nominated by Institution 112 90 Other 13 10 Survey Form With Faculty Names 111 89 Without Names 14 11 Total Evaluators 125 100

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49 5.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 1.0 0.0 Mean Survey Rating (measure 08) FIGURE 3.3 Mean rating of scholarly quality of faculty in 70 programs in anthropology. NOTE: Programs are listed in sequence of mean rating, with the highest-rated program appearing at the top of the page. The broken lines (---) indicate a confidence interval of +1.S standard errors around the reported mean (x) of each program.

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