the American Psychological Association, the Aristotle Prize of the European Federation of Psychological Associations, the Novartis Prize for Gerontological Research of the International Association of Gerontology, the Robert W. Kleemeier award in recognition of outstanding research in the field of gerontology of the Gerontological Society of America, and honorary doctorates from the University of Jyvasksla, Finland, and the University of Stockholm, Sweden. He has a Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Saarland, Germany.

DEBORAH M. BURKE is the W. M. Keck distinguished service professor and professor of psychology at Pomona College. Her research investigates aging and cognitive functioning, especially in memory and language, focusing on mechanisms responsible for maintained and impaired language performance in old age. She has written extensively on word retrieval, tip-of-the-tongue experiences, and aging. She received a MERIT award from the National Institute on Aging and several Wig distinguished teaching awards from Pomona College. She currently serves on the editorial board of Psychology and Aging and Cognition and Consciousness . She has served on the National Science Foundation Graduate Panel on Psychology of the National Research Council and is currently on the Integrative, Functional, and Cognitive Neuroscience study section at the National Institutes of Health. She has a Ph.D. in developmental psychology from Columbia University.

CALEB E. FINCH is director of the Alzheimer Disease Research Center (NIA) and the Kieschnick professor in the neurobiology of aging at the University of Southern California. His major research interest is inflammatory mechanisms in aging. He is the author of two major books on the biology of aging: Longevity, Senescence, and the Genome (1990) and Chance, Development, and Aging (1999). He chaired the National Research Council's Workshop on Bioindicators of Aging (1999). He received the Robert W. Kleemeier award in 1985 and the Sandoz premier prize in 1995. He participates on 10 editorial and national scientific advisory boards and is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Gerontological Society of America. He has a Ph.D. in cell biology from Rockefeller University.

REID HASTIE is professor of psychology and director of the Center for Research on Judgment and Policy at the University of Colorado. He taught at Harvard and Northwestern Universities before moving to his present position. His primary research interests are in the areas of judgment and decision making (legal, managerial, medical, engineering, and personal), memory and cognition, and social psychology. He is best known for his research on legal decision making and on social memory and judgment processes. He is currently studying the role of explanations in category concept representations

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