Biographical Sketches

David Z. Robinson (Chair) is a former executive vice president and treasurer of the Carnegie Corporation of New York. He also served as executive director of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, which recommended improvements in the mechanisms by which the federal and state governments incorporate scientific and technological knowledge in decision making. Prior to joining the Carnegie Corporation, Dr. Robinson worked in the White House as a staff scientist in the Office of the President's Science Advisor and as vice president for academic affairs of New York University, and he has served on several committees of the National Research Council. Dr. Robinson received his Ph.D. in chemical physics from Harvard University.

Andrew Baumgartner is a kindergarten teacher at A. Brian Merry Elementary School in Augusta, GA, and the 1999 National Teacher of the Year. Prior to entering classroom teaching in 1978, Mr. Baumgartner was a speech therapist for the Gilmer County Public Schools. Mr. Baumgartner received his M.A. in early childhood education from North Georgia College.

John T. Bruer is president of the James S. McDonnell Foundation. He established the Cognitive Studies for Educational Practice Program, which supports applications of cognitive science to improve educational outcomes. His book Schools for Thought: A Science of Learning in the Classroom, which grew out of the research his program supports, is the basis for a collaboration to develop a research-based curriculum for middle-school students. Dr. Bruer received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the Rockefeller University.



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TESTS AND Teaching Quality: Interim Report Biographical Sketches David Z. Robinson (Chair) is a former executive vice president and treasurer of the Carnegie Corporation of New York. He also served as executive director of the Carnegie Commission on Science, Technology, and Government, which recommended improvements in the mechanisms by which the federal and state governments incorporate scientific and technological knowledge in decision making. Prior to joining the Carnegie Corporation, Dr. Robinson worked in the White House as a staff scientist in the Office of the President's Science Advisor and as vice president for academic affairs of New York University, and he has served on several committees of the National Research Council. Dr. Robinson received his Ph.D. in chemical physics from Harvard University. Andrew Baumgartner is a kindergarten teacher at A. Brian Merry Elementary School in Augusta, GA, and the 1999 National Teacher of the Year. Prior to entering classroom teaching in 1978, Mr. Baumgartner was a speech therapist for the Gilmer County Public Schools. Mr. Baumgartner received his M.A. in early childhood education from North Georgia College. John T. Bruer is president of the James S. McDonnell Foundation. He established the Cognitive Studies for Educational Practice Program, which supports applications of cognitive science to improve educational outcomes. His book Schools for Thought: A Science of Learning in the Classroom, which grew out of the research his program supports, is the basis for a collaboration to develop a research-based curriculum for middle-school students. Dr. Bruer received his Ph.D. in philosophy from the Rockefeller University.

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TESTS AND Teaching Quality: Interim Report Carl A. Grant is the Hoefs-Bascom professor of teacher education and a professor of Afro-American Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on multicultural education and teacher education, and he is the president of the National Association for Multicultural Education. Milton D. Hakel is a professor and the Ohio Board of Regents eminent scholar in psychology at Bowling Green State University. His research focuses on leadership development, performance appraisal, job analysis and compensation, and employee selection. He also is president of Organizational Research and Development, Inc., a firm that provides human-resource research consultation. Dr. Hakel received his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Minnesota. Linda Darling-Hammond is the Charles E. Ducommun professor of teaching and teacher education at Stanford University, where her research focuses on school restructuring, teacher education, and educational equity. She also is the executive director of the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, a blue-ribbon panel that has studied policy changes aimed at improving teaching and schooling. She also served as chair of New York State 's Council on Curriculum and Assessment and of the Model Standards Committee for the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium. Dr. Darling-Hammond received her Ed.D. in urban education from Temple University. Abigail L. Hughes is the associate commissioner, division of evaluation and research for the Connecticut State Department of Education. Prior to joining the Connecticut agency, she was a teacher and curriculum coordinator in Ohio and the director of instructional services for a regional service agency in New York State. Dr. Hughes received her M.A. and Ph.D. in educational administration from Ohio State University. Mary M. Kennedy is a professor in the college of education at Michigan State University, where her research focuses on teacher education and learning. From 1986 through 1993, she directed the National Center for Research on Teacher Learning, a federally funded research center based at Michigan State University. Dr. Kennedy received her Ph.D. in educational psychology from Michigan State University. Stephen P. Klein is a senior research scientist at the Rand Corporation, where he studies certification and licensing examinations and elementary and secondary educational tests. Dr. Klein served on the NRC's Committee on Appropriate Test Use and the Committee on Education Finance. He received his Ph.D. in industrial psychology from Purdue University.

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TESTS AND Teaching Quality: Interim Report Catherine Manski is a lecturer and field instructor for English student teachers in the Department of English at the University of Illinois-Chicago. Previously, she was a social studies and English-as-a-second-language teacher at West High School in Madison, WI. Ms. Manski received her M.S. in curriculum and instruction from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. C. Ford Morishita is a biology teacher at Clackamas High School in Milwaukie, OR and was the 1997 Oregon State Teacher of the Year. He also teaches in the school of education at Portland State University. He received his M.A.T. in biological science from Lewis and Clark College in 1982. Pamela A. Moss is an associate professor in the school of education at the University of Michigan. Her research focuses on the validity of educational assessments, particularly the assessment of teachers. Dr. Moss serves on the joint committee revising the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing of the American Educational Research Association, the American Psychological Association, and the National Council of Measurement in Education. She also cochairs the technical advisory committee for the Interstate New Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium, and serves on the Measurement Research Advisory Panel of the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. Dr. Moss received her Ph.D. in educational research methodology from the University of Pittsburgh. Barbara S. Plake is director of the Oscar and Luella Buros Center for Testing and the W.C. Meierhenry distinguished university professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. She is the co-editor of the Mental Measurements Yearbook and Applied Measurement in Education. Dr. Plake serves on APA's Committee on Psychological Tests and Assessments. Dr. Plake received her Ph.D. in educational statistics and measurement from the University of Iowa in 1976. David L. Rose is an attorney in private practice in Washington, D.C., specializing in equal employment opportunity and other employment-related matters. From 1969 through 1987, he was the chief of the Employment Litigation Section of the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, which is responsible for litigation to secure enforcement of laws requiring non-discrimination in employment and equal employment opportunity. Mr. Rose received his L.L.B. from Harvard Law School in 1956. Robert Rothman (Study Director) is a program officer in the Board on Testing and Assessment at the National Research Council. Previously, he was director of special projects for the National Center on Education and the Economy and associate editor of Education Week. He is the author of Measuring Up: Stan-

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TESTS AND Teaching Quality: Interim Report dards, Assessment, and School Reform. He has a B.A. from Yale University in political science. James W. Stigler is a professor of psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles. His research focuses on comparative studies of mathematics teaching and learning among elementary school children in Japan, China, and the United States. Dr. Stigler received his Ph.D. in developmental psychology from the University of Michigan. Portia Holmes Shields is the president of Albany State University. A former teacher and reading specialist, she also served as the dean of the school of education at Howard University. Dr. Shields received her Ph.D. in early-childhood and elementary education from the University of Maryland at College Park. Kenneth I. Wolpin is the Lawrence R. Klein professor of economics at the University of Pennsylvania and the director of the University's Institute for Economic Research. His research focuses on life cycle and career decisions of youths. Dr. Wolpin serves on the NRC's Board on Testing and Assessment. He received his Ph.D. in economics from the Graduate School of the City University of New York.