TABLE 11–1 Means and Standard Deviations for the Composition Data of Feeds Commonly Used in Beef Cattle Diets

Entry No.

Feed Name/Description

International Feed No.

Value as Determined at Maintenance Intake

Net Energy Values for Growing-Cattle Mcal/kg

Dry Matter (%)

Crude Protein (%)

Ruminal Undegradability (%)

Ether Extract (%)

Fiber (%)

NDF (%)

ADF (%)

TDN (%)

DE (Mcal/kg)

ME (Mcal/kg)

NEm

NEg

 

ALFALFA (Medicago sativa)

01

Fresh

 

62

2.73

2.24

1.38

0.80

23.40

18.90

22

3.15

26.50

47.10

36.80

N

22

3146

9

10

2092

3126

SD

3.66

3.00

0.65

2.28

7.02

5.11

02

Fresh, late vegetative

2–00–181

66

2.91

2.39

1.51

0.92

23.20

22.20

22

2.90

24.20

30.90

24.00

N

14

17

4

14

12

6

SD

3.39

2.00

0.95

2.29

4.79

3.66

03

Fresh, full bloom

2–00–188

50

2.22

1.81

0.97

0.42

23.80

19.3

22

2.6

30.4

38.6

35.9

N

8

8

2

2

12

2

SD

3.88

3.70

0.57

1.83

6.14

2.82

04

Hay

 

60

2.65

2.17

1.31

0.74

90.60

18.6

28

2.39

26.1

43.9

33.8

N

5,895

5883

12

169

122

4675

5764

SD

1.76

2.84

7

1.16

4.54

6.44

4.67

05

Hay, sun-cured, early bloom

1–00–059

60

2.65

2.17

1.31

0.74

90.50

19.90

22

2.9

28.5

39.3

31.9

N

43

63.00

28

29

14

15

SD

1.92

2.25

1.35

3.98

3.58

2.40

06

Hay, sun-cured, mid-bloom

1–00–063

58

2.56

2.10

1.24

0.68

91.00

18.70

2.6

28.0

47.1

36.7

N

60

56.00

23

22

22

26

SD

1.88

2.93

1.82

4.25

6.53

2.58

07

Hay, sun-cured, full bloom

1–00–068

55

2.43

1.99

1.14

0.58

90.90

17.0

22

3.4

30.1

48.8

38.7

N

210

20.00

12

14

10

9

SD

2.06

2.50

1.73

4.27

3.49

2.42

08

Meal

 

62

2.73

2.24

1.38

0.80

91.70

18.9

59

2.70

26.5

42.0

33.2

N

145

97.00

10

60

73

11

26

SD

1.93

2.01

17

0.48

2.48

7.7

4.7

09

Meal, dehydrated, 15% protein

1–00–022

59

2.60

2.13

1.27

0.70

90.40

17.30

59

2.4

29.0

55.4

37.5

N

23

21

13

18

1

2

SD

2.18

1.75

0.44

3.17

1.47

10

Meal, dehydrated, 17% protein

1–00–023

61

2.69

2.21

1.34

0.77

91.80

18.90

59

3.00

26.2

45.0

34.3

N

72

50

37

46

1

2

SD

1.50

0.68

0.49

2.25

0.95

11

Silage

3–00–216

63

2.78

2.28

1.41

0.83

44.10

19.5

23

3.70

25.4

47.5

37.5

N

8289

8315

6

84

38

6842

8295

SD

11.6

2.93

8

0.92

2.9

6.6

4.9

 

BARLEY (Hordeum vulgare)

12

Grain

4–00–549

88

3.84

3.03

2.06

1.40

88.1

13.20

27

2.2

3.37

18.1

5.77

N

1743

1884

16

8

6

1216

1399

SD

0.86

1.50

10

0.44

1.6

4.8

2.2

13

Silage

 

60

2.65

2.17

1.31

0.74

37.10

11.90

23

2.92

56.8

33.9

N

188

186

5

44

185

SD

9.30

2.70

0.61

5.7

4.2

14

Straw

1–00–498

40

1.76

1.45

0.60

0.08

91.20

4.40

25

1.90

41.5

72.5

48.8

N

29

35

7

26

2

3

SD

3.31

0.91

0.27

4.03

1.83

4.65

 

BEET SUGAR (Beta vulgaris altissima)

15

Pulp, dehydrated

4–00–669

74

3.26

2.68

1.76

1.14

91.00

9.8

45

0.6

20.0

44.6

27.5

N

47

31

4

25

29

2

5

SD

1.37

1.04

14

0.15

2.40

20.4

6.79

 

BERMUDAGRASS, COASTAL (Cynodon dactylon)

16

Fresh

2–00–719

64

2.82

2.31

1.44

0.86

30.30

12.6

20

3.7

28.4

73.3

36.8

N

15

48

10

11

41

41

SD

6.91

2.88

0.95

1.77

5.10

4.64

17

Hay, sun-cured, 43–56 days growth

1–09–210

49

2.16

1.77

0.93

0.39

93.0

7.8

23

2.7

32.6

N

1

4

2

2

3

3

SD

1.19

1.83

4.73

2.45

4.18

 

BLUEGRASS, KENTUCKY (Poa pratensis)

18

Fresh, early vegetative

2–00–777

72

3.17

2.60

1.70

1.08

30.80

17.4

20

3.5

25.2

55

29

N

4

2

2

2

1

1

SD

0.69

0.14

0.07

0.21

 

BLOOD

19

Meal

5–00–380

66

2.91

2.49

1.51

0.92

90.50

93.8

75

1.69

1.35

41.6

2.81

N

52

40

7

19

2

28

37

SD

5.9

12.1

12

3.4

14

20.2

2.60



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