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Appendix B Biographical Sketches of Committee Members Thomas Kelly, chair, is retired president of Grumman Corporation's Space Station Integration Division. Mr. Kelly worked for Grumman for 40 years, during which time he directed Grumman's engineering work on the Apollo Lunar Module and worked on the Space Shuttle and Space Station Freedom programs. He is a member of the National Acad- emy of Engineering and a fellow of the American Astro- nomical Society, the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, and the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Mr. Kelly was a member of the National Research Council Committee on the Use of the Space Station for Engineering Research and Technology Development and the Committee on Space Station Meteoroid/Debris Risk Management. He has an M.S. in industrial management from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, an M.S. in mechanical engineering from Columbia University, and a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Cornell University. John Blaha is the assistant vice president of applied research at United Services Automobile Association. He served in the U.S. Air Force for 15 years (completing 361 combat mis- sions) and as an astronaut for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for 17 years. Mr. Blaha logged five trips into space as a commander, pilot, and mis- sion specialist on Space Shuttle flights and as a cosmonaut researcher during a four-month stay on the Mir space station. He has chaired the NASA Space Flight Safety Panel, led the design, development, and integration of the orbiter Head Up Display System, and led the development of contingency abort procedures for the Space Shuttle. Mr. Blaha has received numerous awards, including the Order of Friend- ship Medal from Russian President Boris Yeltsin, two NASA Distinguished Service Medals, and two Air Force Distin- guished Flying Crosses. He received a B.S. from the U.S. Air Force Academy and an M.S. from Purdue University. Bert Bulkin is director of scientific space programs (emeri- tus) at Lockheed Missiles and Space Company. Mr. Bulkin 34 was the program manager for the Hubble Space Telescope and was also in charge of its maintenance, refurbishment, logistics, and servicing. Previously, he was the director of advanced systems development at ITT' s Electro-Optical Di- vision. He has a B.S. in aeronautical engineering from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and com- pleted postgraduate work at UCLA and the University of Santa Clara. John T. Cox is a project manager/consultant at CSC Healthcare. Previously, he served as operations director, deputy manager, and acting program manager of NASA's Space Station Freedom Program. Dr. Cox trained flight crews and flight controllers for the Apollo and Skylab pro- grams and was flight director for many of the Space Shuttle' s "first of a kind" flights. He also developed organizational changes to bring a business attitude to NASA Headquarters. He has worked with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Electric Power Institute and served on the NRC Com- mittee on the Use of the International Space Station for Engineering Research and Technology Development. He has a Ph.D. from the University of Houston. Larry E. Druffel is the president of SCRA, a public non- profit organization engaged in applying advanced technol- ogy to increase industrial competitiveness. Previously, he was director of the Software Engineering Institute and vice president for business development at Rational Software. Earlier in his career, Dr. Druffel was on the faculty at the U.S. Air Force Academy. He later managed research programs in advanced software technology at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, was founding director of the Ada Joint Program Office, director of computer sys- tems and software (Research and Advanced Technology), Office of the Secretary of Defense. He is a fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers and the Association of Computing Machinery. Dr. Druffel received his Ph.D. in computer science from Vanderbilt University.

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APPENDIX B Joel Greenberg, the president of Princeton Synergetics, Inc., has more than 40 years of experience in financial analysis, market forecasting, economic analysis, systems analysis, operations research, policy analysis, and commercialization. Mr. Greenberg has been responsible for a broad range of financial, benefit/cost, economic, and policy studies related to space transportation, space insurance, space system life cycle cost and availability, and commercial development of space. He has been a major contributor to the field of economic, financial, and risk analysis of space systems and operations and business situations influenced by government policies and programs. Mr. Greenberg is a fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and an elected member of the International Academy of Astronautics. He has an M.E.E. degree from Syracuse University. Herbert Hecht is founder and chairman of the board of SoHaR, Inc. He has worked extensively on space systems reliability and is the author of the Handbook of Flight Critical Systems (U.S. Air Force Aeronautical Systems Division, January 1985) and a technical report on spacecraft electronics reliability prediction based on analysis of more than 2,500 spacecraft failures. Dr. Hecht has written chap- ters on reliability in several textbooks, including Space Mission Analysis and Design (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1997) and Reducing Space Mission Cost (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996~. Prior to founding SoHaR, Dr. Hecht worked for 15 years at the Aerospace Corporation and 14 years at the Sperry Rand Corporation. He received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles. Andrew }. Hoffman is president of East Windsor Associ- ates, a technical and management consulting firm. Previ- ously, he was vice president of space and sea systems and executive vice president of Hamilton Standard, where he was the program manager for the Lunar Module life support system, Skylab crew equipment, and the Space Shuttle life support system. His areas of technical expertise include extravehicular mobility units, space vehicle life support, thermal control, and system analysis. Mr. Hoffman served on the NRC Committee on Advanced Technology for 35 Human Support in Space. He completed his M.S. in manage- ment science at the Hartford Graduate Center. Jack Kerrebrock is a professor of aeronautics and astro- nautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He joined the faculty of MIT in 1960 where he remained as professor, department head, and associate dean (except for two years as associate administrator for aeronautics and space technology at NASA). Dr. Kerrebrock is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and chaired the NRC Committee on the Space Station. He has also served as mem- ber and chair of numerous other NRC and NASA commit- tees. Dr. Kerrebrock received his Ph.D. from the California Institute of Technology. Dava Newman is an associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Her multidisciplinary research in extravehicular activity systems and the dynamics and motor control of astronaut performance combines aerospace bioengineering, control and dynamics, human interface technology, and sys- tems analysis and design; the work is being carried out through flight experiments, ground-based simulations, and mathematical and computer modeling. Dr. Newman served on the NRC Committee on Advanced Technology for Human Support in Space and is currently a member of the Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board. She received a B.S. in aerospace engineering from the University of Notre Dame and an M.S. and Ph.D. in aerospace biomedical engi- neering from MIT. Stephen Rock is an associate professor of aeronautics and astronautics at Stanford University. Previously, he was man- ager of controls for Systems Control Technology, California, and development engineer at Hewlett Packard. His main areas of research are the application of advanced control techniques for robotics and development and the application of innovative control approaches for vehicle applications. Dr. Rock served on the NRC Committee on the Use of the International Space Station for Engineering Research and Technology Development. He received his Ph.D. in applied mechanics from Stanford University.