Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and product registrants (appendix B) and used examples of the data during its analysis.
After reviewing the above information, the committee drafted this report. Chapter 1 introduces the scientific and regulatory issues, chapter 2 focuses on the scientific impacts of conventional and transgenic pest-protected plants, chapter 3 addresses how the scientific information is reviewed in the regulatory framework and presents guiding principles for review, and chapter 4 discusses the positive and negative elements of the current regulatory framework and suggests improvements for the review and exchange of scientific information.
The following pages highlight the committee's major findings, conclusions, and recommendations. Not all of the committee's recommendations could be included in this brief executive summary; therefore, the most general conclusions and recommendations are presented in this section and the more detailed ones are included in chapter 2, chapter 3, and chapter 4.
This study was conducted with a broad scope and in a short time period in order to provide stakeholders with opportune guidance on a variety of issues. As a result, the committee could not comprehensively analyze all available data on the numerous scientific and regulatory issues. In particular, much data are submitted by developers of transgenic products for regulatory approval (appendix B). The committee could only review examples of such data and of published studies regarding transgenic pest-protected plants.2 The committee chose examples that covered a range of issues and that were provided by scientific experts representing diverse disciplines and affiliations. The committee focused on the general issues that would be applicable not only to prior product approvals, but also to upcoming decisions related to commercialization.
The committee was able to address several categories of scientific and regulatory issues and develop general conclusions and recommendations to advise researchers, producers, regulators and users of transgenic pest-protected plants. The general conclusions and recommendations identify areas where more analysis is needed. In order to help conduct future analyses, the NRC recently convened a Standing Committee on Biotech-
In addition, the committee did not have an opportunity to fully discuss or analyze data published after its last meeting in July 1999. However, some of the more recent information is mentioned in the report.